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Pilot Study of Rapamycin as Treatment for Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
75 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Polycystic Kidney Diseases

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Trial Information

Pilot Study of Rapamycin as Treatment for Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease

This study is a prospective, randomized,open label, pilot clinical trial designed to compare
the effects of an agent that has antiproliferative (1,2), antiangiogenesis (3),and
tumor-progression blocking capabilities (4), namely, rapamycin (Rapamune®), in the treatment
of autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD).

Up to this time, only generic renal disease treatments for ADPKD have been in use, such as
the treatment of hypertension, urinary tract infections, renal stones, renal call
carcinomas, and replacement therapy with dialysis and/or renal transplantation. The
fundamental aberrations in ADPKD are proliferation of cyst-forming tubuloepithelial cells,
secretion of cytokine-rich fluid into those cysts, and progressive cyst expansion and
release of inflammatory mediators that injure surrounding normal renal tissue.
Consequently, therapy directed specifically at blocking the proliferation of
tubuloepithelial cells and their tendency to malignant transformation, as well as impeding
their blood supply, should have obvious merit.

General Procedures:

In Group I participants will have an iothalamate glomerular filtration rate (GFR) equal to
or greater than 60 ml/min/1.73 m2, and in Group II participants will have a GFR less than
25-59 ml/min/1.73 m2. Both males and females with ADPKD who volunteer and qualify, will be
randomly and prospectively assigned to treatment with rapamycin at either a high or low
trough blood level or to standard care (each 1/3 of enrolled patients) for one year. The
two treatment groups will receive rapamycin doses aimed at maintaining the 20- to 24-hour
trough blood levels at either 2 to 5 ng/mL (low-dose), or greater than 5 to 8 ng/mL
(high-dose). These trough levels are in the lower range of levels used when treating renal
transplant recipients in whom trough levels are typically maintained between 5 and 15

Inclusion Criteria:


- > 18 y.o. GFR greater than or equal to 25. Willingness to be randomized to any
treatment group Willingness to follow protocol requirements-frequent testing and
follow-up required at Cleveland Clinic(Cleveland, OH) signed informed consent
Willingness to use birth control(male and female)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pregnancy

- post partum

- lactating

- system illness with renal involvement

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Change in GFR from baseline to 12 months

Outcome Time Frame:

From study enrollment

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

William E. Braun, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

The Cleveland Clinic


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

October 2006

Completion Date:

April 2013

Related Keywords:

  • Polycystic Kidney Diseases
  • Kidney Diseases
  • Polycystic Kidney Diseases
  • Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Dominant



The Cleveland Clinic- main campus Cleveland, Ohio  44195