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Constructing an Insulin-Like Growth Factor-based Prediction Model

Phase 1/Phase 2
3 Years
14 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Growth Hormone Deficiency, Idiopathic Short Stature, Small for Gestational Age

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Trial Information

Constructing an Insulin-Like Growth Factor-based Prediction Model

The first phase of our study, previously approved by the UCLA IRB in August 2004, involved a
retrospective chart review and collection of preexisting data. We analyzed charts of
patients who underwent non-weight-based GH dose adjustments preceded and followed by a serum
IGF-I level. Data collected included patient's age, gender, height, weight, linear height
velocity, pubertal status, GH dose, IGF-I levels, disease condition (i.e., growth hormone
deficiency, idiopathic short stature, small-for-gestational age) and recording of any
adverse effects. Based on this data collected, we performed statistical analysis of the
relationship between GH dose change and change in IGF-I level achieved, and have found that
in prepubertal children, there is a significant relationship between the GH dose change and
change in corresponding IGF-I level. We have subsequently constructed a mathematical
prediction model that allows us to determine the GH dose change necessary to achieve a
desired IGF-I level, and in this second phase of our study, we plan to apply this
mathematical prediction model prospectively for guiding GH dose adjustments in prepubertal
children being treated with GH therapy.

Children being treated with GH are typically followed in the outpatient Endocrinology clinic
every 3-4 months, and our practitioners have routinely been obtaining serum IGF-I levels
(via venipuncture in the outpatient laboratory) for monitoring purposes. Validation of our
GH dose change/IGF-I change prediction model will require assessment of sequential serum
IGF-I level measurements immediately preceding a GH dose change, and again within 1-4 months
following the GH dose change. We plan to continue our retrospective and ongoing analysis of
patients who have paired values of GH dose adjustments preceded and followed by a serum
IGF-I level, in order that we may continue to fine-tune our prediction model for optimizing
GH dose adjustments.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Prepubertal patients,

- Male/female,

- Ages 3-14 yrs,

- Being treated with growth hormone for the conditions of growth hormone deficiency,
idiopathic short stature, and small-for-gestational age with failure to catch up to
the normal growth curve by age 2 years.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients being treated with growth hormone for other conditions such as Turner
syndrome, chronic renal failure, or Prader-Willi syndrome

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Retrospective

Principal Investigator

Pinchas Cohen, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of California, Los Angeles


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

August 2004

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Growth Hormone Deficiency
  • Idiopathic Short Stature
  • Small for Gestational Age
  • Growth hormone dosing
  • IGF-I
  • Dwarfism
  • Dwarfism, Pituitary
  • Endocrine System Diseases



UCLA Pediatric Endocrinology Los Angeles, California  90095