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Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Colorectal Carcinoma

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Trial Information

The phase II trials with XELOX, demonstrated that is a highly effective first-line
treatment for metastatic colorectal cancer, with response rates similar to the regimens with
oxaliplatin and infusional 5-FU/LV (FOLFOX), but more convenient and likely to be preferred
by both patients and health care providers.

Cetuximab has a significant anti-cancer activity in the setting of chemo-resistant disease
which suggests that a much greater degree of benefit may ensue when it is used at an earlier
stage of the disease course.

The first phase II trial with cetuximab and FOLFOX, as 1st line therapy for MCRC, presented
at ASCO 2004, showed a 81% response rate, with no unexpected toxicities for the combination.

This study is aimed at establishing the efficacy and safety of the combination
cetuximab/XELOX as first line therapy in patients with MCRC.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Signed written informed consent, prior any study-specific procedures

- Male or female > = 18 years of age

- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum with metastatic
disease not eligible for surgery with curative intent – in case of a unique
metastatic lesion this should be confirmed by biopsy

- ECOG performance status < 1 at study entry

- Immunohistochemical evidence of EGFR expression on tumour tissue

- Presence of at least one unidimensional measurable lesion with a diameter > 20mm by
conventional CT scan or MRI, and 10mm by spiral CT scan, according to the RECIST
criteria (Index lesion(s) must not lie within an irradiated area)

- Have not received any Chemotherapy regimen for metastatic disease

- Life expectancy of > 3 months

- Neutrophils > = 1.5 x 109/L, platelet count > = 100 x 109/L, and haemoglobin > = 9

- Bilirubin level either normal or 1.5 x ULN

- ASAT and ALAT < = 2.5 x ULN (< = 5 x ULN in case of liver metastasis)

- Alkaline phosphatase < = 2.5 x ULN or < = 5 x ULN in case of liver metastasis or < =
10 x ULN in case of bone metastases

- Serum creatinine < = 1.5 x ULN or CrCl > 50 ml/min (Cockroft and Gault formula)

- Negative Pregnancy test within one week before treatment start, if applicable

Exclusion Criteria:

- Previous chemotherapy for metastatic CRC or adjuvant therapy with oxaliplatin or

- Adjuvant or neo-adjuvant therapy with 5 FU or derivatives is allowed if the
chemotherapy treatment free interval is > 6 months and the patient have not
progressed during treatment

- Surgery (excluding diagnostic biopsy) or irradiation within 4 weeks prior to study

- Prior radiotherapy is permitted if it was not administered to target lesions selected
for this study

- Concurrent chronic systemic immune therapy, chemotherapy, or hormone therapy not
indicated in the study protocol

- Any investigational agent(s) within 4 weeks prior to entry

- Previous exposure to EGFR-pathway targeting therapy

- History of evidence upon physical examination of CNS disease (e.g. primary brain
tumour, seizure not controlled with standard therapy, any brain metastasis or history
of stroke)

- Clinically relevant coronary artery disease or a history of a myocardial infarction
within the last 12 months

- Serious uncontrolled intercurrent infections, or other serious uncontrolled
concomitant disease

- Acute or subacute intestinal occlusion or history of inflammatory bowel disease

- Pre-existing neuropathy > grade 1

- Known grade 3 or 4 allergic reaction to any of the components of the treatment.

- Any concurrent malignancy other than non-melanoma skin cancer, or carcinoma in situ
of the cervix. (Patients with a previous malignancy but without evidence of disease
for > = 5 years will be allowed to enter the trial)

- Known drug abuse/ alcohol abuse

- Legal incapacity or limited legal capacity

- Medical or psychological condition which in the opinion of the investigator would not
permit the patient to complete the study or sign meaningful informed consent

- Pregnant or lactating women

- Sexually active males and females (of childbearing potential) unwilling to practice
contraception during the study

- Lack of physical integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract or those who have
malabsorption syndrome

- Known dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase deficiency

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Determine the Efficacy of the combination treatment (cetuximab plus capecitabine and oxaliplatin) as first-line therapy based on the overall response rate (ORR) according to the RECIST criteria.

Principal Investigator

Evaristo Sanches, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Grupo de Investigação do Cancro Digestivo


Portugal: National Pharmacy and Medicines Institute

Study ID:




Start Date:

July 2005

Completion Date:

July 2008

Related Keywords:

  • Colorectal Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma
  • Colorectal Neoplasms