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Lung Diseases, Cancer

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Trial Information

The research is to evaluate benzene metabolism after exposure at levels that can be found in
the environment, such as the higher end concentrations in the air inside cars and buses
while being driven in heavy traffic and inside private and public parking garages. To do so
breath, urine, and blood samples prior to, during and after being exposed to benzene as well
as benzene levels and benzene metabolites present are measured. The exposures take place in
the Controlled Environmental Facility operated by the Environmental and Occupational Health
Sciences Institute (EOHSI). This allows us to control the exact benzene air level and to
use benzene containing 13C, a stable (non-radioactive) form of carbon, one of the atoms that
make up benzene. Isotopes are different forms of the same atom. Using 13C will allow us to
tell the difference between the benzene and the compounds it changes to in the body that
come from our experiment compared to what is present in your body from other sources. In
addition to just benzene exposure on some days the subject is also be exposed to methyl
tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), another component of gasoline, to take an iron supplement pill
and/or to take vitamins C and E pills. How benzene is metabolized or changed in the body
will be compared for these differences to better understand how the body deals with benzene.

Inclusion Criteria

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study


United States: Federal Government

Study ID:




Start Date:

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Lung Diseases
  • Cancer
  • Benzene
  • Air pollution
  • Lung Diseases