Low Literacy Intervention for Colorectal Cancer Screening
Of 17 performance measures of hospital quality regularly reported for the Veterans
Administration (VA) health care system, rates of colorectal cancer screening are the lowest.
The objectives of this study were to 1) test whether a health care provider-directed
intervention increased colorectal cancer screening rates in an urban VA medical center and
2) evaluate the cost-effectiveness of the intervention.
The study was a randomized controlled trial, conducted at two clinic firms at a VA Medical
Center in Chicago. Eligible patients were men, age 50 and older, had no personal or family
history of colorectal cancer or polyps, had not received colorectal cancer screening, and
had at least one visit to the clinic during the study period. Health care providers in the
intervention firm attended a workshop on colorectal cancer screening. Every 4-6 months they
attended quality improvement workshops where they received group screening rates,
individualized confidential feedback, and training on improving communication with patients
with limited literacy skills. Medical records were reviewed for colorectal cancer screening
recommendations and completion. Literacy level was assessed in a subset of patients. In the
cost-effectiveness analysis, resource and cost estimates were derived.
The project is complete.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label
Charles L. Bennett, MD PhD MPP
Jesse Brown VAMC (WestSide Division)
United States: Federal Government
|Jesse Brown VAMC (WestSide Division)
|Chicago, Illinois 60612