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Phase 3
40 Years
84 Years
Not Enrolling
Cardiovascular Diseases, Coronary Disease, Heart Diseases, Myocardial Ischemia

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Trial Information


Thrombosis plays a major role in the late stages of coronary occlusion. Platelet
aggregation is a large component in the formation of arterial thrombi. In pharmacologic
studies, aspirin has been shown to inhibit platelet aggregation and, therefore, might be
expected to prevent coronary occlusion. These effects are apparent in the dose range of
l00-l000 mg/day, and may be most evident at l60 milligrams daily. Higher doses seem to be
no more effective in either inhibition of platelet agreeability or prolonged bleeding time.

Although an early case-control study by Jick and Miettinen showed a large benefit, most
observational studies had shown a cardiovascular benefit of about 20 percent. Conclusive
data could only result from a randomized trial with a large sample size.


Randomized, double-blind, fixed sample. Participants were randomized into one of four
treatment groups: one 325 milligram aspirin tablet every other day, alternating with one 30
milligram capsule of beta-carotene; one aspirin every other day, alternating with one
capsule of beta-carotene placebo; one aspirin placebo tablet every other day, alternating
with one capsule of beta-carotene; and one aspirin placebo tablet every other day,
alternating with one capsule of beta-carotene placebo. Major endpoints for the
cardiovascular component of the study were cardiovascular mortality, total mortality, and
coronary events.

Inclusion Criteria

Male physicians, ages 40 to 84. No history of stroke, myocardial infarction, cancer, or
renal disease. No contraindications to aspirin or beta-carotene. No current usage of
aspirin or Vitamin A tables greater than once per week.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Masking: Double-Blind, Primary Purpose: Prevention


United States: Federal Government

Study ID:




Start Date:

September 1981

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Coronary Disease
  • Heart Diseases
  • Myocardial Ischemia
  • Myocardial Ischemia
  • Coronary Artery Disease
  • Coronary Disease
  • Heart Diseases
  • Cardiovascular Diseases
  • Ischemia