Complex Epithelial Neoplasm Overview
A neoplasm is Greek for “new growth”. A complex epithelial neoplasm is a new growth that develops on the epithelial tissue on the ovary in a woman’s reproductive system. Nearly 90 percent of ovarian abnormalities are epithelial tumors. Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of death from cancer from gynecological tumors in the United States.
Complex Epithelial Neoplasm Signs & Symptoms
In its early stages, an epithelial neoplasm may not have any signs or symptoms. As the condition advances, the woman may develop the following:
- Pain or swelling in the abdomen
- Pain in the pelvis
- Gastrointestinal disorders (i.e., bloating, gas, constipation)
These symptoms do not necessarily indicate cancer; however, if they persist, seek medical treatment immediately. If detected and treated early enough, this type of cancer can be cured.
Complex Epithelial Neoplasm Diagnosis & Treatment
A doctor may conduct any of the following exams in order to diagnose ovarian cancer.
Pelvic exam: The doctor checks the patient’s pelvic area to find any lumps or other abnormalities. A Pap test is usually done, as well.
Ultrasound: A procedure in which high energy sound waves bounce off the area of the body being examined, creating echoes that make up a sonogram. The sonogram can be printed and any abnormalities will appear in the photo.
CA 125 assay: CA 125 is a substance released by certain cells into the bloodstream. The assay measures the amount of this substance. An increased level of CA 125 may indicate cancer.
Barium enema: This procedure is used in conjunction with taking x-rays of the affected area. A liquid that contains barium, a silvery-white metallic substance, is injected into the patient’s rectum and coats the patient’s FI tract. When the x-ray is taken, any abnormalities will appear.
Intravenous pyelogram (IVP): This is a series of x-rays that show if the cancer has spread to any of the body’s internal organs, such as the liver or bladder.
CT scan: A CT or CAT scan uses a machine to take in-depth pictures of the body from different angles. A dye may be injected into the affected areas so more detailed pictures of the mass may be taken.
Biopsy: A biopsy—removing a small sample of tissue and examining it under a microscope—is the best way for a doctor to make a definitive cancer diagnosis.
Complex Epithelial Neoplasm Outlook
A patient’s prognosis depends on the following factors: patient’s age and overall health, as well as the location, stage, and size of the tumor. A patient has greater odds of a full recovery if the mass can be removed surgically; they have a lower risk of a full recovery if their cancer has returned.