A Clinical Study to Demonstrate Safety and Efficacy of E7777 (Denileukin Diftitox) in Persistent or Recurrent Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
Subjects must meet all of the following criteria to be included in the study:
1. Age ≥18 years.
2. Histopathologic diagnosis of CTCL (mycosis fungoides [MF] or Sézary Syndrome [SS]),
confirmed by skin biopsy, or lymph node, or blood assessment, of current disease.
3. CD25 assay-positive tumor, defined as detectable CD25 on ≥ 20% of total lymphoid
infiltrate in biopsied skin lesions by immunohistochemistry, assessed by central
pathology laboratory. A recent or archival skin biopsy (≤ 6 months) can be used.
Re-biopsy is required if the subject had disease progression or relapse since the
last biopsy, or had received anticancer therapy since the last biopsy.
4. CTCL disease stage as follows, according to ISCL/EORTC (Olsen 2011).
- Lead-In part: Stage IA - IV, except Stage IVB with visceral or CNS involvement
(bone marrow involvement is not considered visceral involvement but rather an
extension of blood involvement [B2], and is allowed).
- Main Study: Stage IA - III.
5. History of prior therapies for CTCL as follows:
- Lead-In part: must have had prior therapy; any number of prior therapies
- Main Study: must have had prior therapy; ≤ 3 prior therapies allowed. Topical
treatments (except topical chemotherapy) and steroids are not considered as
prior therapies. Prior therapies allowed are: cytotoxic chemotherapy,
combination cytotoxic chemotherapy, electron beam radiotherapy (EBRT),
phototherapy (e.g., PUVA or UVB), photophoresis, interferon, topical
chemotherapy (e.g., carmustine, nitrogen mustard), systemic retinoids,
cyclosporin A (≥4 mg/kg/d for ≥1 month), or histone deacetylase inhibitors
(vorinostat or romidepsin). Repeated use of the same agent counts as one
therapy, unless it is part of a different combination regimen.
6. A minimum washout period of 4 weeks after previous CTCL therapy is recommended before
the first dose of E7777. Subjects must have recovered from any adverse effects from
any previous CTCL therapy before starting study drug. A shorter washout may be
allowed if a subject is experiencing progressive disease despite ongoing treatment.
7. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2 in the
Lead-In part and performance status of 0 or 1 in the Main Study.
8. Life expectancy ≥ 3 months in the Lead-In part and ≥ 12 months in the Main Study.
9. Adequate bone marrow reserves as evidenced by:
- platelets ≥ 100,000/mm3 (100×109/L)
- clinically stable hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL (90 g/L) and hematocrit ≥ 27% without
10. Normal hepatic function as evidenced by:
- bilirubin ≤ 1.5 × the upper limit of normal (ULN) and alkaline phosphatase ≤ 3.0
× the ULN.
- aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT)
≤ 3.0 × the ULN.
- albumin ≥ 3.0 g/dL (30 g/L). If AST or ALT values are elevated, a second
determination may be made ≥ 4 days later; if the values obtained upon the retest
meet the above criteria, then the subject is considered to have met this
criterion for entry.
11. Adequate renal function as evidenced by serum creatinine ≤ 1.8 mg/dL (158 μmol/L) OR
calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min (per the Cockcroft-Gault formula) with <
2+ protein OR 24-hour urine creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/minute with 24-hour urine
protein < 1g.
12. Willing and able to comply with all aspects of the protocol.
13. Provide written informed consent prior to any study-specific screening procedures.
14. Females may not be lactating or pregnant at Screening or Baseline (as documented by a
negative beta-human chorionic gonadotropin [ß-hCG] test with a minimum sensitivity of
25 IU/L or equivalent units of ß-hCG). A separate baseline assessment is required if
a negative screening pregnancy test was obtained more than 72 hours before the first
dose of study drug.
15. All females will be considered to be of childbearing potential unless they are
postmenopausal (amenorrheic for at least 12 consecutive months, in the appropriate
age group, and without other known or suspected cause) or have been sterilized
surgically (i.e., bilateral tubal ligation, total hysterectomy, or bilateral
oophorectomy, all with surgery at least 1 month before dosing).
16. Females of childbearing potential must not have had unprotected sexual intercourse
within 30 days prior to study entry and must agree to use a highly effective method
of contraception (e.g., total abstinence, an intrauterine device, a double-barrier
method [such as condom plus diaphragm with spermicide], a contraceptive implant, an
oral contraceptive, or have a vasectomized partner with confirmed azoospermia)
throughout the entire study period and for 30 days after study drug discontinuation.
If currently abstinent, the subject must agree to use a double-barrier method as
described above if she becomes sexually active during the study period or for 30 days
after study drug discontinuation. Females who are using hormonal contraceptives must
have been on a stable dose of the same hormonal contraceptive product for at least 4
weeks prior to dosing and must continue to use the same contraceptive during the
study and for 30 days after study drug discontinuation.
17. Male subjects must have had a successful vasectomy (confirmed azoospermia) or they
and their female partner must meet the criteria above (i.e., not of childbearing
potential or practicing highly effective contraception throughout the study period
and for 30 days after study drug discontinuation).
Subjects who meet any of the following criteria will be excluded from the study:
1. CTCL Stage IVB disease with visceral or CNS involvement (bone marrow involvement is
considered an extension of blood involvement [B2] and is not considered visceral
2. Prior denileukin diftitox therapy
3. Use of topical steroids within 14 days of Day 1 of initial therapy is not allowed,
with the following exception: Topical steroids or systemic low dose steroids (≤ 10
mg/day prednisone) are allowed in subjects with erythroderma who have been on
corticosteroids for a prolonged period of time and where discontinuation may lead to
rebound flare in disease. The concomitant steroid medication is allowed as long as
the type of steroid, route of administration, and steroid dose remain the same as
what the subject had been receiving for a prolonged period of time.
4. Prior malignancy other than CTCL within past 5 years (except nonmelanoma skin cancer
or carcinoma in situ of the cervix)
5. Serious intercurrent illness
6. Significant cardiac disease requiring ongoing treatment, including congestive heart
failure (CHF), severe coronary artery disease (CAD), cardiomyopathy, uncontrolled
cardiac arrhythmia, unstable angina pectoris, or myocardial infarction (MI) (within 6
months of study enrollment)
7. Significant pulmonary symptoms or disease
8. History of uncontrolled seizure disorder or active central nervous system disease
9. Need for treatment with a drug that contains a warning for hepatotoxicity or
nephrotoxicity in its labeling
10. Major surgery within 2 weeks of study enrollment
11. Significant or uncontrolled infections requiring specific anti-infective therapy
12. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; known active hepatitis B or
hepatitis C infection
13. Females who are pregnant (positive urine test) or breastfeeding
14. Any history of a medical condition or a concomitant medical condition that, in the
opinion of the investigator, would compromise the subject's ability to safely
complete the study.