Know Cancer

forgot password

Evaluation of Sun Protection Education for Kidney Transplant Recipients

18 Years
85 Years
Not Enrolling
Unspecified Complications of Kidney Transplant, Disorder Related to Renal Transplantation

Thank you

Trial Information

Evaluation of Sun Protection Education for Kidney Transplant Recipients

Cognitive interview about the Sun Protection Strategies workbook will be performed with up
to 25 kidney transplant recipients (KTR) who have participated in past surveys. A second
phase of the study involves 156 KTRs that will be asked to take part in a randomized
controlled trial evaluating the fully developed sun protective strategies workbook.

Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are at risk to develop skin cancer. Adequate sun
protection after transplantation can reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. In 2006, the
National Kidney Foundation (NKF) found that sun protection education delivery and content
varied among transplantation centers. Clinicians rarely knew when to initiate education
about skin cancer risks and prevention including timing and scope, and rarely demonstrated
understanding of the importance of reminders for and repeated education of patients
(National Kidney Foundation 2006).


1. To explore culturally sensitive use of terms describing ethnic cultural perceptions of
sun burning, pigment darkening after sun exposure and description of skin color by the
amount of photo-protective pigment in the skin.

2. To pilot test the sun protection workbook with English speaking KTRs representing the 3
ethnic groups: White, Black and Hispanic.

3. To assess the effectiveness of an education intervention encouraging the use of sun
protection strategies.

4. To explore understanding of the importance of sun protection and the KTRs confidence in
their being able to practice sun protection.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects with a history of kidney transplantation within the last 2-24 months

- Speaks English

- Can see to read

- Lives in the greater Chicago area and can attend two study visits

- 18-85 years old

Exclusion Criteria:

- Unable to speak English

- Cognitive impairment or neurologic disease

- Dementia or insufficient cognitive skills to follow instructions provided at a sixth
grade language level

- Has had a skin cancer

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Outcome Measure:

use of sun protection

Outcome Description:

Subjects will complete self-report surveys of behavior prior to educational intervention and 6- 8 weeks after the educational intervention

Outcome Time Frame:

An average of 1 year

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

June K. Robinson, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Northwestern University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

May 2013

Completion Date:

August 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Unspecified Complications of Kidney Transplant
  • Disorder Related to Renal Transplantation
  • Kidney transplant
  • Renal transplant
  • Sun protection
  • Skin cancer



Northwestern Memorial Faculty Foundation Chicago, Illinois  60611