Know Cancer

forgot password

A Pilot Study on the Feasibility of Combined Chemoembolization and Adjuvant Systemic Hyperthermia for Palliative Treatment of Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma(HCC)

Phase 1
18 Years
75 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Thank you

Trial Information

A Pilot Study on the Feasibility of Combined Chemoembolization and Adjuvant Systemic Hyperthermia for Palliative Treatment of Unresectable Hepatocellular Carcinoma(HCC)

Most patients with Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are diagnosed at an intermediate and
advanced stage when the tumors become unresectable. Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization
(TACE) has been shown to be effective in prolongation of survival for patients with
unresectable HCC and generally adopted as a standard palliative treatment option for
patients with intermediate stage HCC. However, the therapeutic effect of TACE in terms of
objective tumor response is variable and modest (27%-40%), indicating that there is actually
much room for improvement in the treatment. In many cases, patients with intrahepatic HCC
uncontrolled after TACE treatment may not be suitable for other treatment options because of
their physical condition. For these patients, repeat TACE combined with adjuvant systemic
hyperthermia may offer a chance of disease control.

Inclusion Criteria:

Patient factor

- Age between 18 and 75

- Child-Pugh A cirrhosis

- ECOG performance status Grade 2 or below

- No serious concurrent medical illness

- Prior treatment for HCC including surgery, local ablation, or transarterial
treatments allowed

- Imaging evidence of poor intralesional treatment response or disease progression
despite transarterial treatment

- Platelet count ≥ 50

Tumor factor

- HCC diagnosed by typical enhancement patterns on cross sectional imaging or histology

- Unresectable and locally advanced disease without extra-hepatic disease

- Hypervascular lesions on CT

- Greatest dimension of the largest tumor ≤15cm

Exclusion Criteria:

Patient factor

- History of significant concurrent medical illness such as ischemic heart disease or
heart failure

- Metallic body implants, not including dental fillings

- Serum creatinine level > 130 umol/L

- Presence of biliary obstruction not amenable to drainage

- Child-Pugh B or C cirrhosis

- Unable to give consent

Evidence of impaired liver function

- History of hepatic encephalopathy

- Intractable ascites not controllable by medical therapy

- History of variceal bleeding within last 3 months

- Serum total bilirubin level >25 umol/L for the first 5 patients, serum total
bilirubin level >35 umol/L for the second 5 patients

- Serum albumin level < 30g/L

- INR >1.3

Tumor factor

- Presence of extrahepatic metastasis

- Infiltrative lesion

Vascular invasion

- Hepatic artery thrombosis

- Partial or complete thrombosis of the main portal vein

- Tumor invasion of portal branch of contralateral lobe

- Hepatic vein tumor thrombus

- Significant arterioportal shunt

- Significant arteriovenous shunt

Contraindication for hyperthermia

- Known brain metastasis

- Recent stroke or cerebral hemorrhage within last 6 months

- Poorly controlled epilepsy

- Poorly controlled cardiac arrhythmias

- Myocardial infarction within last 6 months

- Unstable angina within last 6 months

- Poorly controlled hypertension

- Poorly controlled diabetes

- History of malignant hyperthermia

- Photodermatosis

- Pregnancy

- Lactation

- Serious infection

- Grade 3 or above adverse event in serological total bilirubin or albumin according to
Version 4.0 of National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse

- Elevation of serum alanine transaminase ≥ 10 times upper limit of normal

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

dose limiting toxicity

Outcome Time Frame:

30 days from the study treatment

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Simon CH Yu, MD, FRCR

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Department of Imaging and Interventional Radiology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong


Hong Kong: Joint CUHK-NTEC Clinical Research Ethics Committee

Study ID:




Start Date:

March 2013

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma
  • Fever
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular