Retrospective Study of Long-term Survival and Related Factors Among Kidney Transplant Recipients in China
Renal transplantation is the choice for patients with end-stage renal disease. In the past
two decades, progress in surgical procedure, medical care, and immunosuppression have
significantly improved the short-term results of organ transplantation. Nevertheless, grafts
continue to fail over time, these improvements in immunosuppression and reduced incidence of
acute rejection episodes have had only minimal effects on chronic allograft dysfunction and
late graft loss. Long-term patient's death and graft failure are the main limitations for a
better performance of renal transplant programs.
Multiple factors have been shown to affect the outcome of renal transplantation. These
include demographic characteristics such as race and ethnicity, pretransplantation dialysis
course, the timing of the transplantation，and the patients' co morbidities. Patient response
to the transplantation procedure (e.g., delayed graft function, acute rejection, and acute
tubular necrosis) is strongly associated with the long-term prognosis. In the last decade,
with the increase of immunosuppressive agents in our therapeutic arsenal, several attempts
have been made to improve graft performance. However, the majority of trials aiming to avoid
calcineurin inhibitor (CNI)-related nephrotoxicity only reported short-term data. Also, and
because of the lack of assessment of the role of the different ethiopathogenic factors that
lead to graft damage, just avoiding CNI-related nephrotoxicity may be an oversimplification
of the problem in the prevention of graft attrition.
There are many studies which have evaluated the long-term outcomes of graft and patient
survival and have analyzed multiple relative factors. Unfortunately, such data in Chinese
population are lacking. Meanwhile, the situation in China is somewhat different with others,
such as race, the dosage of immunosuppressant and so on. A better characterization of the
weight of immune and non-immune factors responsible for graft damage may help us to improve
the outcomes in transplant recipients. Studies derived from well-designed and well-performed
patient registries can provide a real world view of clinical practice, patient outcomes,
safety, and comparative effectiveness and cost effectiveness. The goal of this project is to
analyze retrospective data collected by disease registry, then to evaluate the graft and
recipient outcomes of kidney transplants and relative impact factors.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Retrospective
Graft survival, measured as the time between kidney transplant and the failure of the graft.
China: Ethics Committee