A Phase II, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Regadenoson in Sickle Cell Anemia
If you are willing to participate in this research study you will be asked to undergo some
screening tests and procedures to confirm your eligibility. Many of these tests and
procedures are likely to be part of regular cancer care and may be done even if it turns out
that you do not take part in the research study. If you have had some of these tests and
procedures recently, they may or may not have to be repeated. The tests and procedures
include: a medical history, physical examination, blood tests, blood or urine pregnancy test
(if applicable) and an electrocardiogram. If these tests show that you are eligible to
participate in the research study, you will begin the study treatment. If you do not meet
the eligibility criteria, you will not be able to participate in the research study. At the
time of screening we will also ask you about your pain level.
Because no one knows which of the study options is best, you will be "randomized" into one
of the study groups: the "study drug" group, which will receive Regadenoson, or the
"control" group, which will receive placebo. Randomization means that you are put into a
group by chance. It is like flipping a coin. Neither you nor the research doctor will choose
what group you will be in. You will have an equal (50/50) chance of being placed in either
group. Neither you nor the research doctor will know what group you are in.
You will be given a study medication and it will contain either Regadenoson or placebo
(fluids with no medicine).
You will be given one infusion of the study drug while you are admitted to the hospital for
a pain crisis. The study drug will be infused with fluids. You will stay in the hospital for
at least 3 days and 2 nights. Your infusion will be 48 hours long, followed by a 6-hour
observation period. During your infusion, you will receive standard treatment for your pain
crisis. The study drug will be given through a separate part of your body from the infusions
that are part of your standard treatment. The study drug will not be available after your
participation in the study ends.
Before the infusion: We will place a small tube in your vein called an IV, which will be
used only to infuse the study drug. It will not be used for infusions that are part of
standard treatment for your pain crisis. During the study drug infusion, standard treatment
will be given through a separate IV. We can use your standard treatment IV or a needle to
draw blood for the required blood test. If it is hard to draw blood from your veins, we may
ask you if you would like to use a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC line) for
your blood draws. A PICC line is a small tube that is placed in a vein in your arm and goes
through to a vein in your chest. A chest x-ray is usually done to make sure it is in the
right veins. It is your choice to decide whether you would like to use a PICC line. We will
record your blood pressure and heart rate every 5-10 minutes, until they have stabilized. We
will also ask you about your pain level at the time of your blood test.
During the 48 hour infusion: Your heart rate and the amount of oxygen in your blood will be
monitored continuously using a device that fits over your finger. We will take about 2-3
teaspoons of blood at 24 and 48 hours after the beginning of your infusion for tests to try
to understand how the drug affects your body. We will ask you about your pain level at the
time of each blood test. We will take your blood pressure every 30 minutes for the first 2
hours, then every hour for the next two hours, then every 2 hours for the remainder of the
A six hour observation period will take place immediately after the infusion. At this time
you will undergo the following: your heart rate and the amount of oxygen in your blood will
be monitored continuously with a device that fits over your finger. We will take about 5
teaspoons of blood at the end of the period to try to understand how the study drug affects
your body. We will ask you about your pain level at the time of your blood test. We will
take your blood pressure every 2 hours for the full duration of the observation period.
You may not eat or drink anything that contains caffeine, such as coffee, tea, chocolate or
sodas during the infusion and observation periods.
We would like to keep track of your medical condition for 30 days after you receive the
study drug. We would like to do this by contacting you on the telephone weekly during the 30
days after your participation to see how you are doing.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Determine iNKT cell reduction with Regadenoson vs. Placebo
To determine if infusional regadenoson reduced iNKT cell activation among individuals with SCA and pain or ACS compared to placebo
David Nathan, MD
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
United States: Food and Drug Administration
|Dana-Farber Cancer Institute||Boston, Massachusetts 02115|
|Brigham and Women's Hospital||Boston, Massachusetts 02115|
|Boston Children's Hospital||Boston, Massachusetts 02115|