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Phase II, Randomized, Open-label Study of the IGF-1R Inhibitor AXL1717 Compared to Docetaxel in Patients With Previously Treated, Locally Advanced, or Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma or Adenocarcinoma of the Lung

Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Non-small-cell Lung Cancer, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, Adenocarcinoma of the Lung

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Trial Information

Phase II, Randomized, Open-label Study of the IGF-1R Inhibitor AXL1717 Compared to Docetaxel in Patients With Previously Treated, Locally Advanced, or Metastatic Squamous Cell Carcinoma or Adenocarcinoma of the Lung

Non-Small-Cell lung Cancer (NSCLC) is the most common form of lung cancer, and treatment
with cytotoxic chemotherapy only provides a 10% reduction in the risk of death in patients
with advanced NSCLC. One-third of all non-resectable advanced NSCLC patients in second line
do not receive chemotherapy treatment at all. In the absence of treatment the
Progression-Free Survival (PFS) for NSCLC patients is dismal, in the range of 6-8 weeks, and
treatment only modestly improves the median PFS to 10-11 weeks. Therefore, because of an
overall poorer prognosis for patients with advanced NSCLC, development of new agents is
urgently needed.

AXL1717 is a small molecule experimental product developed by Axelar AB as anticancer agent
for oral administration. AXL1717 inhibits the insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), which
is often over expressed in lung tumors and can mediate the proliferation of lung cancer
cells and resistance to therapy. Results of previous preclinical and clinical studies
indicate that AXL1717 will be tolerable and effective in patients with previously-treated,
advanced squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma (AC) histological subtypes of

This is an open label, randomized, multi-center, Phase II study to investigate AXL1717
compared to docetaxel in patients with squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) or adenocarcinoma (AC)
of the lung. Patients with previously treated, locally advanced or metastatic SCC or AC
subtypes of NSCLC in need of additional treatment will be enrolled in the study. Patients
will be randomized to either AXL1717 or to docetaxel group as monotherapy, in a 3:2 ratio
for each NSCLC subtype. Patients in AXL1717 group will receive 400 mg AXL1717 twice daily
(BID) as oral suspension for 21 days per cycle; i.e. daily for up to four cycles unless a
dose interruption, delay, or reduction is required. Docetaxel will be administered as a
standard treatment (75 mg/m2 IV infusion over 1 hour) once every three weeks throughout the
4-cycle study. The primary objective of the study is to compare the rate of progression-free
survival (PFS) at 12 weeks between patients treated with AXL1717 and patients treated with
docetaxel. Additional efficacy and safety parameters will be monitored throughout the study.
Patients treated with AXL1717 who are responding to treatment or remain stable at the end of
4 cycles may be offered an extension of treatment with AXL1717.

Inclusion Criteria:

- informed of the study and have provided written informed consent

- At least 18 years of age

- Histologically confirmed diagnosis of locally advanced, or metastatic squamous cell
carcinoma or adenocarcinoma histological subtypes of non-small-cell lung cancer
(stage IIIB or IV)

- For patients with squamous cell histology: previously treated with first-line
chemotherapy and has had disease progression during or after first-line therapy.

- For patients with adenocarcinoma histology: previously treated with one or two lines
of chemotherapy.

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-2

- Life expectancy ≥ 3 months

- Measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria

- Hematology values: blood leukocyte count ≥ 3.0 x 109/L, blood absolute neutrophil
count ≥ 1.5 x 109/L, blood platelet count ≥ 100 x109/L, hemoglobin ≥ 100 g/L
(transfusions are allowed)

- Clinical chemistry values: plasma total bilirubin level ≤ upper limit of the "normal"
range (ULN; i.e. reference), plasma AST or ALT ≤ 1.5 x ULN (≤ 5 times if liver
metastases have been documented) and plasma creatinine ≤ 2.0 x ULN

- 12-lead ECG with normal tracings

Exclusion Criteria:

- Mixed histology of squamous and non-squamous NSCLC

- Ongoing infection or other major recent or ongoing disease that, according to the
Investigator, poses an unacceptable risk to the patient

- Known primary or secondary central nervous system malignancy.

- Active or previously treated carcinomatous meningitis

- Truly non-measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria, such as patients with one or
more of the following without any RECIST measurable disease:

- Bone lesions

- Ascites

- Pleural or pericardial effusion

- Lymphangitis cutis or pulmonis

- Cystic lesions

- Grade 3 or higher constipation within the past 28 days or grade 2 constipation within
the past 14 days before randomization.

- Active hepatitis B, active hepatitis C, or known HIV infection

- Coexisting uncontrolled medical condition, including active cardiac disease (such as
unstable angina, myocardial infarction within 6 months, or New York Heart Association
Class III/IV congestive heart failure), and significant dementia

- Hepatic impairment as indicated by abnormalities of transaminases (AST and/or ALT >
1.5 × ULN or AST and/or ALT > 5 times ULN if liver metastases have been documented)
and/or increased alkaline phosphatase (> 2.5 × ULN) considered as a result of hepatic
impairment (and not from bone disease)

- History of cancer that has required treatment or been active within the past 5 years,
other than NSCLC, basal cell carcinoma, or cervical carcinoma in situ

- Major surgical procedure within 4 weeks prior to randomization

- More than one prior anti-tumor systemic therapy for advanced squamous cell NSCLC, and
more than two prior lines of chemotherapy for advanced adenocarcinoma NSCLC

- Previous use of docetaxel in any line of therapy

- Women of child bearing potential (WOCBP) who do not consent to using acceptable
methods of contraception

- Women who are breast-feeding or have a positive pregnancy test at screening

- Current participation in any other investigational clinical trial or any
administration of an investigational agent within 4 weeks of study drug

- ECOG performance status > 2

- Life expectancy < 3 months

- Known or suspected hypersensitivity to AXL1717 or docetaxel or to drugs formulated
with polysorbate 80

- Lack of suitability for participation in the trial, for any reason, as judged by the

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Rate of progression-free survival (PFS)

Outcome Time Frame:

12 weeks

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Michael Bergqvist, MD, PhD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Uppsala University Hospital, Sweden


Belarus: Ministry of Health

Study ID:




Start Date:

December 2011

Completion Date:

April 2013

Related Keywords:

  • Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma of the Lung
  • non-small-cell lung cancer
  • squamous cell carcinoma
  • adenocarcinoma of the lung
  • IGF-1 inhibitor
  • docetaxel
  • AXL1717
  • SCC
  • AC
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous
  • Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
  • Carcinoma, Squamous Cell
  • Lung Neoplasms