Know Cancer

forgot password

Biomarker Analysis of Gastrointestinal Cancer

18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Gastrointestinal Cancer

Thank you

Trial Information

Biomarker Analysis of Gastrointestinal Cancer

Recently, a great leap has been accomplished in discovering somatic mutations in human
cancer genomes. With the advent of molecularly targeted therapy, somatic mutations have
attracted more attention from cancer researchers. Driver mutations confer growth advantage
on the cell in which they occur, are causally implicated in cancer development and have
therefore been positively selected. In contrast, passenger mutations are biologically
neutral and do not confer growth advantage. Hence, driver somatic mutations are
conventionally the optimal target for cancer cells. Given the growing evidence of ethnic
difference in distribution of somatic mutations, we aim to survey actionable somatic
mutations in Asian prevalent cancer.

Ability to assess multiple biomarkers using FNA samples could provide a breakthrough in
gastrointestinal cancer clinical studies. FNAs are minimally invasive and, therefore, more
acceptable for serial tumor sampling. Furthermore, the cells removed with this method
frequently represent relatively pure tumor cell population, and can be processed within
minutes after removal from the tumor; therefore, proteomic profiles of FNA specimens likely
resemble the in vivo profiles very closely. In addition, tumor cells from metastatic sites
obtained using FNA may provide site specific metastatic tumor profile. Acquired resistances
to therapies is well known in various cancer types.1, 2 Serial sampling of tumor tissue by
FNA will provide important resources to monitor tumor changes as a function of time and

There have been numerous studies reporting the detection of carcinoma cells in the blood of
patients with solid tumors. Detection of CTCs (Circulating Tumor Cells) before initiation
of first-line therapy in patients with metastatic breast cancer is highly predictive of
progression free survival and overall survival.3-5 These studies led to the FDA clearance of
the vertex CellSearch technology. The prognostic implication of detecting CTCs prior to
initiating therapy raises important questions about the biological attributes of these
cells. CTCs are found in most metastatic diseases and it may be reflective of the status of
the recurrent tumor looking for alternate site to colonize. However, not all CTCs would
successfully establish metastatic colonies. Having the ability to profile tumors at
different metastatic sites together with CTCs could provide information on the subset of
most robust CTCs with highest metastatic potentials. In addition CTCs could provide
alternative source of tumor cells that may be used to detect tumor changes as the cancer
progresses and therapy continued or modified.

The expression/activation profiling of kinases and other signal transduction pathway
molecules along with markers critical for triggering angiogenesis on a serial sampling of
tumor and tumor associated tissues will provide valuable information on changes occurring in
tumor cells as a function of time and therapies. This temporal and spatial profiling of
tumor progression will enable clinicians to monitor rapidly 'evolving' cancer signatures in
each patient. The temporal and site-specific profiling of CTCs and FNAs must then utilize
highly sensitive and specific method to interrogate limited amount of cancer cells in such
samples. Based on these results, we plan to design genome-directed clinical trials in these
tumor types.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients with histologically confirmed gastrointestinal cancer.

- Patients should sign a written informed consent .

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective

Outcome Measure:

Analyzed of DNA mutations

Outcome Description:

To estimate genotypes concerning DNA repair (ERCC1, XPD, XRCC1) and detoxification (GSTP1)

Outcome Time Frame:


Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

won ki kang, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Samsung Medical Center


Korea: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

September 2011

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Gastrointestinal Cancer
  • Gastrointestinal Neoplasms