euCPSP: European Observational Study on Chronic Post Surgical Pain,PAIN-OUT
The main goal of the study is to obtain a generalizable epidemiology of chronic post
surgical pain (CPSP) by performing a large data collection in many European countries. The
large sample will allow analysis of the incidence of CPSP, differences in incidence patterns
in Europe, incidence in rare types of surgeries and specific populations. This
observational, prospective study will help to better anticipate and potentially prevent the
development of chronic post surgical pain (CPSP). In fact when CPSP occurs patients are
frequently undiagnosed and pain is poorly managed such that patients may develop refractory
chronic pain. Surgery is a major cause of chronic pain and it is unique in that there is
potential to prevent it from occurring. Data from this study might alert respectively
surgeons and anesthetists about the most important types of surgery and some perioperative
techniques of pain prevention with an impact on the incidence of chronic post surgical
pain(CPSP). Anesthesiologists, who are leading this project, might therefore, have an
important role in preventing future cases of chronic post surgical pain (CPSP).
Sample size calculation:
The investigators expect that at least 30 sites will be able to participate and recruit 200
patients a year, to a maximum of 6,000 patients, over the one year study period. Since the
mean incidence of CPSP is approximately 30%, this will offer an estimated potential number
of 2000 patients with CPSP.
Investigators will use questionnaire in English, German, French, Spanish, Italian, Romanian,
Swedish, Hebrew, Dutch and Russian. They will supervise data collection, ensure timely data
return and act as guarantor for the integrity and quality of data collected.
The Chief investigator, Professor Fletcher is a member of the PAIN OUT group and will
closely work with the new group of investigators participating in the project on CPSP. His
experience with the European PAIN OUT project will be very valuable to organize and
coordinate the study. The European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA) is supporting this
project and will help with administrative coordination to build the European network.
The study will last two and a half years with one year for recruitment, one year for follow
up and 6 months for analysis.
Incidence of chronic post surgical pain (CPSP) at 12 months for all types of surgeries
analyzed will be expressed as mean and confidence interval 95%. The investigators will
compare the incidence in various types of surgeries, different centres and countries.
Risk factors of chronic post surgical pain (CPSP) will be analyzed using univariate and
multivariate analysis. The most predictive factors will be chosen by fitting a logistic
regression model using a forward selection procedure. By combining data from different
centres, the investigators will determine most significant risk factors.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
The incidence of chronic post surgical pain (CPSP)12 months after surgery
All patients will be asked to fill the Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and questionnaires, at 12 months after surgery. They will do it directly on a dedicated website.
Esther Pogatzki-Zahn, MD
University Hospital Münster UKM, Munster
France: The Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés