Know Cancer

forgot password

A Phase I/II, Multi-centre Trial to Assess the Safety, Efficacy, and Pharmacokinetics of Eltrombopag, Administered to Thrombocytopenic Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients Prior to Alkylating Agents and/or Purine Analogue-based Therapy

Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Thrombocytopenia

Thank you

Trial Information

A Phase I/II, Multi-centre Trial to Assess the Safety, Efficacy, and Pharmacokinetics of Eltrombopag, Administered to Thrombocytopenic Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia Patients Prior to Alkylating Agents and/or Purine Analogue-based Therapy

The study is divided in a Phase I and a Phase II part. The phase I part uses an open-label,
dose escalation design in order to find the appropriate, feasible dose of eltrombopag to
achieve a durable increase in platelet count.

In phase II, patients will be randomized (2:1 eltrombopag : placebo) to explore the efficacy
and confirm the safety of the identified eltrombopag dose from Phase I. Eltrombopag/placebo
will be administered before starting each cycle and will continue during all cycles of
treatment until subjects finish treatment with chemotherapy. The schedule and days of
eltrombopag dosing in Phase II will be determined based on data analyzed from Phase I, but
will not exceed the defined maximum tolerable dose (MTD).

Severe thrombocytopenia is a frequently associated hematologic condition in patients with
CLL. In the earlier stages of the disease, mild thrombocytopenia is common in approximately
25% of CLL patients. Later in the disease, the bone marrow will become more extensively
infiltrated by the neoplastic cells, which results in more severe thrombocytopenia.
Thrombocytopenia in patients with CLL could result from the disease, a packed marrow or from
autoimmunity/ITP. For patients with CLL who develop severe thrombocytopenia, treatment
options are limited and administration of platelet transfusions is common. Additionally,
treatment of CLL patients with chemotherapy to treat the disease can be hampered due to
severe thrombocytopenia. The clinical consequences of severe thrombocytopenia include an
increased tendency for bleeding, probably due to thrombocytopenia, compromised hemostasis,
and delayed administration of chemotherapy with the consequence of less optimal disease

Eltrombopag is an orally bioavailable small molecule TPO receptor (TPO-R) agonist being
developed by GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) as a treatment for thrombocytopenia. Eltrombopag has been
shown to stimulate platelet production and elevates platelet counts in healthy volunteers
and in patients with chronic ITP, and in patients with thrombocytopenia related to hepatitis
C virus (HCV) (Jenkins, Blood 2007; Bussel, NEJM 2007; McHutchinson NEJM 2007).

The optimal dose of eltrombopag for thrombocytopenic patients with CLL is currently unknown.
As such, one objective of this study is to define a safe and effective dose of eltrombopag
for thrombocytopenic patients with CLL prior to alkylating agent and/or fludarabine-based
therapy. The eltrombopag doses proposed for administration in this study are 75 mg up to 300
mg once daily.

As a prerequisite for the trial, detailed studies have been performed in laboratory of the
principal investigator on the in-vitro effects of eltrombopag on CLL cells regarding cell
survival, differentiation and proliferation. The results suggest that eltrombopag is
unlikely to act as a growth factor in CLL. Therefore clinical trials investigating its
effect on platelet counts in CLL are warranted (Zenz T. et al., ASH 2009).

Inclusion Criteria:

- Confirmed diagnosis of CLL (based immunophenotyping performed at the central
reference laboratory of the GCLLSG in Cologne)

- Platelet count <50 000/μl at time of screening (measured and confirmed twice)

- Patient is planned to receive alkylating agents and/or fludarabine-based therapy

- ECOG Performance Status of 0-2

- Age >= 18 years

- Signed written informed consent, according to ICH-GCP, and national/local regulation,
prior to performing any study-specific procedures

- Negative pregnancy test and willingness to use highly effective methods of
contraception (per institutional standard) during treatment and for 6 months (male or
female) after the end of treatment (adequate: oral contraceptives, intrauterine
device or barrier method in conjunction with spermicidal jelly).

- Able to understand and comply with protocol requirements and instructions and intend
to complete the study as planned.

- Adequate renal function (creatinine must not exceed the upper limit of normal (ULN)
reference range by more than 50%) at study entry

- Adequate liver function: bilirubin £ 1.5 times the upper limit of normal. ALT or AST
<= 3 times the upper limit of normal without liver involvement with CLL and <= 5
times the upper limit of normal in case of the liver involvement with CLL

- Prothrombin time (PT/INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) must be
within 80 to 120% of the normal range with no history of hypercoagulable state

- Total albumin must not be below the lower limit of normal (LLN) by more than 20%.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Thrombocytopenia that is primarily caused by ITP

- Refractory CLL: defined as treatment failure (failure to achieve a CR or PR) or
disease progression within 6 months of last fludarabine and/or bendamustine based
therapy. NOTE: Subjects refractory to rituximab monotherapy as last therapy are

- No prior or more than 3 previous lines of therapy for CLL

- Active autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA) requiring corticosteroid therapy >100mg
equivalent to hydrocortisone, or chemotherapy

- Platelet count > 50 000/μl at screening

- Richter's transformation

- CNS involvement of B-CLL

- Active infectious disease requiring systemic antibiotics, antifungal, or antiviral

- Past or current malignancy other than CLL (with the exception of basal cell carcinoma
of the skin or in situ carcinoma of the cervix or breast) unless tumor was
successfully treated with curative intent at least 2 years prior to trial entry

- Clinically significant cardiac disease including unstable angina, acute myocardial
infarction within 6 months, congestive heart failure, etc.

- History of significant cerebrovascular disease

- Recurring venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism

- Glucocorticoids unless given in doses <= 100 mg/day hydrocortisone (or equivalent
dose of other glucocorticoids) and for exacerbations other than CLL (e.g. asthma)

- Known HIV positivity

- Active hepatitis B, C

- Treatment with an investigational drug within 30 days or five half-lives (whichever
is longer) preceding the first dose of eltrombopag.

- Subjects known or suspected of not being able to comply with a study protocol

- Patients with recent history of arterial or venous thrombosis (stroke, transient
ischemic attack, myocardial infarction, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism)
within the preceding 6 months. Patients with recurrent arterial or venous
thromboembolic events.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Change in platelet count

Outcome Description:

Time points of assessment: 1 wk before treatment; 2-3 times/wk during treatment; 30d after end of treatment Treatment duration: Phase I: Two weeks Phase II: Eltrombopag is given as concomitant treatment to chemotherapy, with a max. duration of max. 6 cycles of 28 days each. The exact schedule of Eltrombopag administration will be determined after evaluation of Phase I results.

Outcome Time Frame:

up to 7 months

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Stephan Stilgenbauer, Prof. Dr.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Universitätsklinikum Ulm, Medizinische Klinik III


Austria: Federal Office for Safety in Health Care

Study ID:




Start Date:

October 2011

Completion Date:

December 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Alkylating agents
  • Purine derivatives
  • TPO receptor agonist
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
  • Leukemia, Lymphoid
  • Thrombocytopenia