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Phase 2 Neo-adjuvant Therapy With Anastrozole Plus Pazopanib in Stage II and III ER+ Breast Cancer

Phase 2
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Estrogen Receptor-positive Breast Cancer, HER2-negative Breast Cancer, Male Breast Cancer, Recurrent Breast Cancer, Stage II Breast Cancer, Stage IIIA Breast Cancer, Stage IIIB Breast Cancer

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Trial Information

Phase 2 Neo-adjuvant Therapy With Anastrozole Plus Pazopanib in Stage II and III ER+ Breast Cancer


I. To determine the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate at surgery.


I. To evaluate alternative measurements of anti-tumor activity: proportion of patients
achieving sustained decrease in antigen KI-67 (ki-67) at 12 weeks of therapy with
anastrozole plus pazopanib (pazopanib hydrochloride); proportion of patients achieving
down-staging to a pathologic stage 0 or 1 at surgery.

II. To assess qualitative and quantitative toxicity of this combination, with special
emphasis on the frequency of events grade 3 or greater, or the occurrence of unexpected


Patients receive pazopanib hydrochloride* orally (PO) once daily (QD) and anastrozole PO QD
for 6 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients then
undergo definitive surgery.

NOTE: *Pazopanib hydrochloride is stopped 7-14 days before surgery.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects must provide written informed consent prior to performance of study-specific
procedures or assessments, and must be willing to comply with treatment and
follow-up; procedures conducted as part of the subject's routine clinical management
(e.g., blood count, imaging study) and obtained prior to signing of informed consent
may be utilized for screening or baseline purposes provided these procedures are
within the protocol determined screening or baseline timeframes, and equivalent to
the specifications in the protocol; also note, a written waiver/approval from the
Investigator/Sponsor is still required

- Histologically confirmed diagnosis of estrogen receptor-positive (ER+), HER2 negative
breast cancer, with clinical stage II or III disease

- Stage IIA T0-1 N1 M0, T2 N0 M0, OR

- Stage IIB T2 N1 M0, T3 N0 M0 OR

- Stage IIIA T0-2 N2 M0, T3 N1-2 M0, OR

- Stage IIIB T4 N0-2 M0

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2

- No evidence of distant metastatic disease

- Baseline Oncotype DX score of 29 or lower; patients with known Oncotype DX recurrence
score (RS) of 30 or greater are not eligible

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >= 1.5 x 10^9/L

- Hemoglobina >= 10 g/dL (5.6 mmol/L); subjects may not have had a transfusion within 7
days of screening assessment

- Platelets >= 100 x 10^9/L

- Prothrombin time (PT) or international normalized ratio (INR) =< 1.2 x upper limit of
normal (ULN); subjects receiving anticoagulant therapy are eligible if their INR is
stable and within the recommended range for the desired level of anticoagulation

- Activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) =< 1.2 x ULN

- Total bilirubin =< 1.5 x ULN

- Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) =< 2.5 x ULN;
concomitant elevations in bilirubin and AST/ALT above 1.0 x ULN is not permitted

- Serum creatinine =< 1.5 mg/dL (133 umol/L) or, if > 1.5 mg/dL: calculated creatinine
clearance (CLCR) >= 50 mL/min

- Urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPC) < 1; if UPC >= 1, then a 24-hour urine
protein must be assessed; subjects must have a 24-hour urine protein value < 1 g to
be eligible

- A female is eligible to enter and participate in this study if she is:

- Is post-menopausal

- Subjects not using hormone replacement therapy (HRT) must have experienced total
cessation of menses for >= 1 year and be greater than 45 years in age, OR, in
questionable cases, have follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) value > 40 mIU/mL and an
estradiol value < 40 pg/mL (< 140 pmol/L)

- Subjects using HRT must have experienced total cessation of menses for >= 1 year and
be greater than 45 years of age OR have had documented evidence of menopause based on
FSH and estradiol concentrations prior to initiation of HRT; patients will be
required to be off of HRT for at least 2 weeks prior to initiating therapy

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior malignancy; note: subjects who have had another malignancy and have been
disease-free for >= 5 years, or subjects with a history of completely resected
non-melanomatous skin carcinoma or successfully treated in situ carcinoma are

- Known distant metastases at any site; history or clinical evidence of central nervous
system (CNS) metastases or leptomeningeal carcinomatosis

- Clinically significant gastrointestinal abnormalities that may increase the risk for
gastrointestinal bleeding including, but not limited to:

- Active peptic ulcer disease

- Known intraluminal metastatic lesion/s with risk of bleeding

- Inflammatory bowel disease (e.g. ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease), or

- Other gastrointestinal conditions with increased risk of perforation

- History of abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal
abscess within 28 days of registration to the study; clinically significant
gastrointestinal abnormalities that may affect absorption of investigational product
including, but not limited to:

- Malabsorption syndrome

- Major resection of the stomach or small bowel

- Presence of uncontrolled infection

- Corrected QT interval (QTc) > 480 msecs using Bazett's formula

- History of any one or more of the following cardiovascular conditions within 6 months
of registration on the study:

- Cardiac angioplasty or stenting

- Myocardial infarction

- Unstable angina

- Coronary artery bypass graft surgery

- Symptomatic peripheral vascular disease

- Class III or IV congestive heart failure, as defined by the New York Heart
Association (NYHA)

- Poorly controlled hypertension [defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) of >= 140
mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) of >= 90 mm Hg]; note: initiation of
adjustment of antihypertensive medication(s) is permitted prior to study entry

- History of cerebrovascular accident including transient ischemic attack (TIA),
pulmonary embolism or untreated deep venous thrombosis (DVT) within the past 6 months
of registration on the study; note: subjects with recent DVT who have been treated
with therapeutic anti-coagulating agents for at least 6 weeks of registration to the
study are eligible

- Prior major surgery or trauma within 28 days of registration on the study prior to
first dose of study drug and/or presence of any non-healing wound, fracture, or ulcer
(procedures such as catheter placement not considered to be major)

- Evidence of active bleeding or bleeding diathesis

- Hemoptysis within 8 weeks of registration to the study

- Any serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric, or other condition
that could interfere with subject's safety, provision of informed consent, or
compliance to study procedures

- Treatment with any of the following anti-cancer therapies for the current diagnosis
of stage 2-3 estrogen positive breast carcinoma:

- Radiation therapy, surgery or tumor embolization within 14 days prior to first dose
of pazopanib OR

- Chemotherapy, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, investigational therapy or hormonal
therapy within 14 days or five half-lives of a drug (whichever is longer) prior to
the first dose of pazopanib

- Any ongoing toxicity from prior anti-cancer therapy that is > Grade 1 and/or that is
progressing in severity, except alopecia

- Concomitant anti-cancer therapies are not permitted

- Patients may not be receiving any other investigational agents

- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic
composition to Pazopanib or Anastrozole used in the study

- Concomitant use of medications or substances that are inhibitors or inducers of
strong CYP3A4 inhibitors are ineligible

- Concomitant: the concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inhibitors (e.g. ketoconazole,
ritonavir, clarithromycin) may increase pazopanib concentrations and should be
avoided; if coadministration of a strong CYP3A4 inhibitor is warranted, reduce the
dose of pazopanib to 400 mg; further dose reductions may be needed if adverse effects
occur during therapy; this dose is predicted to adjust the pazopanib AUC to the range
observed without inhibitors; however, there are no clinical data with this dose
adjustment in patients receiving strong CYP3A4 inhibitors; grapefruit juice should be
avoided as it inhibits CYP3A4 activity and may also increase plasma concentrations of

- Concomitant strong CYP3A4 inducer: the concomitant use of strong CYP3A4 inducers
(e.g. rifampin) may decrease pazopanib concentrations and should be avoided

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Rate of pCR at primary site (T0) and nodal sites (T0N0)

Outcome Description:

Defined as no evidence of microscopic invasive tumor present. Determined by pathology. Estimated with an exact 95% confidence interval.

Outcome Time Frame:

Six months from the initiation of neoadjuvant therapy

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Robert Livingston

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of Arizona


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

July 2011

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Estrogen Receptor-positive Breast Cancer
  • HER2-negative Breast Cancer
  • Male Breast Cancer
  • Recurrent Breast Cancer
  • Stage II Breast Cancer
  • Stage IIIA Breast Cancer
  • Stage IIIB Breast Cancer
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Breast Neoplasms, Male



Arizona Cancer CenterTucson, Arizona  85724