Safety Profile Assessment of TheraSphere® Yttrium-90 Glass Microspheres Used for Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Pilot Study
- Diagnosis of hepatocellular carcinoma with liver-dominant disease. Diagnosis may be
made by histo- or cyto-pathology, or by clinical and imaging criteria.
- The cancer is unresectable.
- All patients must be off all chemotherapeutic regimens for 30 days prior to and 30
days after TheraSphere treatment.
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2.
- Age 18 years or older.
- Able to understand informed consent.
- Evidence of potential delivery of greater than 16.5 mCi (30 Gy absorbed dose) of
radiation to the lungs on either:
- single TheraSphere administration; or
- cumulative delivery of radiation to the lungs greater than 50 Gy over multiple
- Evidence of any detectable Tc-99m macroaggregated albumin flow to the stomach or
duodenum, after application of established angiographic techniques to stop such flow.
- Previous radiation therapy to the lungs and/or to the upper abdomen
- Symptomatic lung disease.
- Significant extrahepatic disease representing an imminent life-threatening outcome.
- Active uncontrolled infection
- Any pre-treatment laboratory findings within 30 days of treatment demonstrating:
- Aspartate or alanine aminotransferase level greater than 5 times upper normal
- Serum bilirubin greater than 2 mg/dl
- Infiltrative tumor on imaging
- Tumor volume greater than 70% of liver volume
- Tumor volume greater than 50% of liver volume and serum albumin level less than