Vitamin D, Weight Loss, and Breast Cancer Biomarkers
Objective: To test the incremental effect of vitamin D supplementation (2000 IU/day) in 228
overweight and obese postmenopausal women with low blood vitamin D levels on response to a
weight loss (diet + exercise) intervention in a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical
• Determine the effects of 12-months vitamin D supplementation vs. placebo on weight loss in
women following a weight loss diet and exercise program.
- Determine the effects of 12-months vitamin D vs. placebo on blood biomarkers associated
with increased breast cancer risk (insulin, glucose, CRP).
- Test 12-months vitamin D effects on muscle strength as measured by 1RM leg press and
bench press in women undergoing weight loss.
- Test the effect of 12-month vitamin D supplementation on effects on quality of life
(QOL) in women undergoing weight loss.
- In a 50% subset of women, test the effect of 12-month vitamin D supplementation vs.
placebo on breast epithelial cell cytomorphology (quantified by the Masood cytology
index) obtained through random periareolar fine needle aspiration (RPFNA).
- Collect subcutaneous abdominal fat aspirations in the 50% subsample of women.
OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Participants are stratified according to body mass
index (< 30 vs ≥ 30) and RPFNA-consent. All participants will receive a 6-month weight loss
intervention (prescribed weight loss goal of 10% of initial body weight) followed by 6
months' maintenance therapy.
Baseline, 6-, and 12-month measurements will include weight, BMI, waist and hip
circumference, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, fasting blood samples, and questionnaires on
details of diet especially items containing vitamin D, physical activity levels, sun
exposure including clothing and sunscreen habits, dietary supplement and vitamin use, and
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Compare the effects of a 1-year one year Vitamin D supplementation vs placebo, on weight loss in postmenopausal women following a weight loss diet and exercise program.
Anne McTiernan, MD, PhD
Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center
United States: Institutional Review Board
|Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center||Seattle, Washington 98109|