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A Pilot Study of Hyperfractionated Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Doxorubicin, and Dexamethasone (Hyper-CVAD) With Sirolimus for the Treatment of Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Aggressive Lymphoid Malignancies

18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Lymphoid Malignancies (New or Relapsed), Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, Burkitt Lymphoma, Lymphoblastic Lymphoma, Mantle Cell Lymphoma, Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma

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Trial Information

A Pilot Study of Hyperfractionated Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Doxorubicin, and Dexamethasone (Hyper-CVAD) With Sirolimus for the Treatment of Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia and Aggressive Lymphoid Malignancies

The primary objective of this trial is to characterize the feasibility, safety and
tolerability of therapy with Hyper-CVAD and Rapamycin in adults with ALL and other
aggressive lymphoid malignancies.

This study will evaluate the effectiveness of Rapamycin given in combination with Hyper-CVAD
during A treatment cycles, and Methotrexate and Cytarabine in B treatment cycles. Both
cycles will also contain the drug Rituximab if the patient has a B cell type of leukemia or

This combination of drugs are being studied to determine whether or not these drugs will
have an effect in treating this disease.

Current therapeutic regimens for induction of remission in ALL are broadly similar. There is
no single best regimen for induction therapy. The hyper-CVAD regimen is of particular
interest because it does not include asparaginase as part of the therapeutic regimen and the
results of induction are similar to other published regimens.

The HyperCVAD regimen with or without rituximab is also an accepted induction regimen for
lymphoblastic lymphoma, Burkitt and Burkitt like lymphoma, Mantle Cell Lymphoma, and ALL in
the elderly. The regimen has also been used as a salvage regimen in patients with the above
diagnoses who have relapsed after another induction regimen.

This trial will add a novel agent, an mTOR inhibitor (MTI), rapamycin, to act
synergistically with the HyperCVAD regimen. This is a pilot study, assessing the
feasibility, safety and toxicity of this regimen, with an ultimate goal to perform a phase
II study to evaluate response rates and survival.

This is a pilot study of the Hyper-CVAD regimen with Rapamycin for the treatment of adults
with acute lymphoblastic leukemia or other aggressive lymphoid malignancies. The standard
Hyper-CVAD regimen will be used, with the addition of the investigational agent, Rapamycin.
Hyper-CVAD alone is one of the current standard induction and salvage regimens used to treat
ALL and other aggressive lymphoid malignancies.

Subjects included will have either de novo, relapsed, or refractory ALL or another
aggressive lymphoid malignancy.

Chemotherapy will consist of 4 'A' cycles alternating with 4 'B' cycles, every 21 days, or
as count recovery allows (at least 14 days apart) as follows: 1A; 1B; 2A; 2B, 3A; 3B; 4A;
4B. This is dependent on white blood cell count recovery.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients must have a diagnosis of one of the following lymphoid malignancies (new or

- Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (B and T cell, Philadelphia Chromosome Negative)

- Burkitt Lymphoma

- Burkitt - type Lymphoma

- Lymphoblastic Lymphoma

- Mantle Cell Lymphoma

- Adult T cell Leukemia/ lymphoma

2. Patients must be >18 years old

3. Patients must have an ECOG performance status of 0 or 1(see attachment 1).

4. Patients must have a life expectancy of at least 4 weeks.

5. Patients must be able to consume oral medication.

6. Patients must have completed any radiotherapy four weeks prior to study entry, 0-2
weeks for local palliative XRT (small port).

7. Patients must have recovered from the toxic effects of any prior chemotherapy to <
grade 2 (except alopecia).

8. Required initial laboratory values: Creatinine < or = 2.0mg/dL; total or direct
bilirubin < or = 1.5mg/dL (if not due to the leukemia or lymphoma itself); SGPT(ALT)
< or = 3xULN; glucose <200 mg/dL, negative pregnancy test for women with
child-bearing potential.

9. Patients must be able to sign consent and be willing and able to comply with
scheduled visits, treatment plan and laboratory testing.

10. Patients may have had a prior stem cell transplant (autologous or allogeneic),
however they may not have active GvHD, nor be on any immunosuppression

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients must not be receiving any chemotherapy agents (except Hydroxyurea)

2. Intrathecal ARA-C and intrathecal methotrexate are permissible (as they are not
systemic and only isolated to the central nervous system).

3. Patients must not be receiving growth factors, except for erythropoietin.

4. Patients with a current second malignancy requiring systemic therapy, other than
non-melanoma skin cancers, are not eligible.

5. Patients with uncontrolled high blood pressure, unstable angina, symptomatic
congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction within the past 6 months or serious
uncontrolled cardiac arrhythmia are not eligible.

6. Patients taking any of the following drugs while on-study are not eligible:

1. Carbamazepine (e.g. Tegretol)

2. Rifabutin (e.g. Mycobutin)

3. Rifampin (e.g. Rifadin)

4. Rifapentine (e.g. Priftin)

5. St. John's Wort- may decrease the effects of sirolimus by decreasing the amount
of sirolimus in the body

6. Clarithromycin (e.g. Biaxin)

7. Cyclosporin e.g. (Neorla or Sandimmune)

8. Diltiazem (e.g. Cardizem)

9. Erythromycin (e.g. Akne-Mycin, Ery-Tab)

10. Itraconazole (e.g. Sporanox)

11. Ketoconazole (e.g. Nizoral)

12. Telithromycin (e.g. Ketek)

13. Verapamil (e.g. Calan SR, Isoptin, Verelan)

14. Voriconazole (e.g. VFEND) - May increase the effects of sirolimus by increasing
the amount of this medicine in the body. [Cannot be taken within 72 hours prior
to or subsequent to receiving rapamycin, but may be taken prior to or after the
above time period]

15. Tacrolimus (e.g. Prograf) - May cause liver transplant rejection or serious side
effects in patients on sirolimus.

7. Patients with known HIV positivity or AIDS-related illness are not eligible.

8. Patients with other severe concurrent disease which in the judgment of the
investigator would make the patient inappropriate for entry into this study are

9. Patients must not have evidence of cerebellar dysfunction or prior history of
cerebellar dysfunction with Ara-C administration.

10. Patients must not have received any investigational agents within 30 days of study

11. Patients must not be pregnant or breastfeeding. Pregnancy tests must be obtained for
all females of child-bearing potential. Pregnant or lactating patients are ineligible
for this study due to the unknown human fetal or teratogenic toxicities of rapamycin.
Males or females of reproductive age may not participate unless they have agreed to
use an effective contraceptive method.

12. Patients who have uncontrolled infection are not eligible. Patients must have any
active infections under control. Fungal disease must be stable for at least 2 weeks
before study entry. Patients with bacteremia must have documented negative blood
cultures prior to study entry.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Feasibility of therapy with Hyper-CVAD and Rapamycin

Outcome Description:

This will be assessed by evaluating the tolerability of this regimen compared to historical controls who received Hyper-CVAD or Hyper-CVAD/ Rituximab regimens. The treatment will be designated feasible for an individual subject if in 80% of chemotherapy cycles the subject has count recovery that allows for starting the subsequent cycle by Day 28. Count recovery is defined as ANC of > 0.5 x 109 AND Platelet count > 50 x 109/L. Hyper-CVAD/Rapamycin will be deemed acceptable if it is feasible to administer in 80% or more of subjects.

Outcome Time Frame:

18 months

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Margaret Kasner, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Thomas Jefferson University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

July 2010

Completion Date:

January 2013

Related Keywords:

  • Lymphoid Malignancies (New or Relapsed)
  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • Burkitt Lymphoma
  • Lymphoblastic Lymphoma
  • Mantle Cell Lymphoma
  • Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma
  • hyperCVAD
  • rapamycin
  • lymphoid malignancies
  • lymphoblastic leukemia
  • B and T cell
  • philadelphia chromosome negative
  • burkitt lymphoma
  • burkitt-type lymphoma
  • lymphoblastic lymphoma
  • mantle cell lymphoma
  • adult t cell leukemia
  • adult t cell lymphoma
  • Burkitt Lymphoma
  • Neoplasms
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Lymphoid
  • Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma
  • Leukemia, T-Cell
  • Leukemia-Lymphoma, Adult T-Cell
  • Lymphoma
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin
  • Lymphoma, Mantle-Cell



University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  19104
Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  19107-6541