Study of the Testicular Function After Iodine 131 Therapy in Patients With Papillary Carcinoma
Papillary cancer may affect patients of any age,with a good prognosis. Most of young
patients may hence procreate as often as the general population.
131iodine is an essential tool during treatment of thyroid cancer, concerning ablation of
the orthotopic thyroid remnant and/or distant metastasis. According literature data,
131iodine given patients may experience exocrine testicular dysfunction with transient
azoospermia, as a significant growing number of DNA damage may concern the patient or his
offspring. No higher malformation risk has been described in children fathered by patients
who has received 131iodine for thyroid cancer. But animal studies showed a genomic
instability leading to a major cancer risk in the offspring of male mice receiving isotopic
radiotherapy. The deduced hypothesis is that a genetic toxicity of those radiation exists on
the germ cells, and most of all that those acquired mutations may be transmitted to the next
generation, majoring a risk of somatic mutation accumulation. So is described TCHERNOBYL
exposed patients and their children. Unfortunately, little is known on trans-generational
The primary outcome will be to study a genomic instability within the germinal line, based
on a significant mutation rate analysis in their minisatellite regions after 100 mCi 131
iodine irradiation compared to the baseline spermogram of each patient, thus being his own
control case in a cross-over study. Literature reports a risk ratio rising from 1,4 to 1,6
for a comparable exposition dose. Under a 2,5 % spontaneous mutation rate hypothesis and for
1000 minisatellites studied per subject, with the mutation rate rising to 50% (RR=1,5), as
the inter-individual variability is expected to be high : the inclusion of 50 patients
treated by surgery prior to131iodine would result in statistically significant results.
Secondary outcomes will be to look for deleterious endpoints on spermatogenesis, such as :
apparition of a low number of spermatozoids, a low vitality, a low mobility, elevated
apoptosis and aneuploidy rate found in sperm of treated subjects vs before iodine treatment.
Therefore, the kinetics of spermogram parameters alteration will be available.
Testosterone/LH ratio will be assessed before and after 131iodine. Direct measure of testis
irradiation obtained by a scrotal dosimeter will permit calculation of the delivered
irradiation dose and a dose/effect relation between the different parameters.
This multicentric cross-over study with a multidisciplinary approach will act for a direct
benefit on testis function in patients aged 18-45 treated by 131iodine for thyroid cancer.
Samples measurements timing will be: after surgery, 2 and 12 months after 131iodine
administration. Therefore, endpoints such as medical examination, exocrine and endocrine
testis function in blood and spem sampling will be assessed in order to obtain spermogram,
Sperm Cytogram, aneuploidy/apoptosis, minisatellites region mutation rate. Medical
examination will take place in each local site, either from endocrinology, oncology, nuclear
medicine departments. The sperm samples and spermogram, Sperm Cytogram, irradiation- induced
abnormalises studies will be centralized at the CECOS (Tenon Hospital, Paris, France).
Hormonal dosages will be processed in Bicetre Hospital (Kremlin-Bicetre, France).
Minisatellites mutations study processed on frozen sperm samples will take place in the
Genetic of Radiosensibility Department (Commissionership in the energy atomic, SACLAY,
This study would permit to measure out the minisatellites region mutation rate frequency,
aneuploidy and DNA damage frequency, and finally kinetics of those alterations after
131iodine irradiation for human thyroid cancer. At the clinical level, practitioners would
more precisely advise their patients on potential fertility risks and help to choose the
appropriate practice in order to preserve it before thyroid cancer treatment. Knowing those
results, it may redefine iodine indication. The knowledge of irradiation-induced genomic
abnormalises is critical, regarding the growing number of examinations (Computed Tomography
or Positron Emission Tomography-scans), known to deliver the same amount of irradiation.
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
A genomic instability within the germinal line
To study a genomic instability within the germinal line, based on a significant mutation rate analysis in their minisatellite regions after 100 mCi 131 iodine irradiation compared to the baseline spermogram of each patient, thus being his own control case in a cross-over study
12 months after iodine131 administration
Philippe Bouchard, MD, PhD
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
France: Ministry of Health