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A Phase I Study of GNKG168 Administered by Intravenous Infusion in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (B-CLL)

Phase 1
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)

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Trial Information

A Phase I Study of GNKG168 Administered by Intravenous Infusion in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (B-CLL)

This is an open-label, dose escalation study designed to characterize the safety,
tolerability, efficacy, and pharmacokinetics of GNKG168 in patients with B-CLL that has
relapsed or is refractory to all prior standard therapy, or for which no standard therapy

As secondary objectives, baseline TLR-9 intracellular staining of B-CLL cells, and in vitro
assays to assess the potential of B-CLL cells to undergo apoptosis in conjunction with
GNKG168 therapy will be examined. Baseline characteristics of B-CLL will be examined
including interphase genetics, FISH CLL, IgVH mutational status, expression of ZAP70,
β2-microglobulin and the expression of the prognostic marker CD38 in peripheral blood cells
(at baseline and during treatment) and baseline immune SNPs (FcγRIIIa, FcγRIIa, TNF-α,
IFN-γ, CD40 and others). As pharmacodynamics parameters, the expression of B-cell and
T-cell activation markers (including IL-21 receptor upregulation), NK cell markers, and
cytokines will be investigated.

This clinical trial will also assess the ability of B CLL patients treated with GNKG168 to
elicit anti pneumococcal antibodies in response to adjuvant vaccination with the Prevnar™

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patients who have cytologically confirmed B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL)
that has relapsed or been refractory to all prior standard therapy, or for which no
standard therapy exists, or patients who refuse available therapy.

2. Patients' B-CLL must be staged according to either the Rai or Binet systems23 (see
Appendix III) and assessed for chromosomal abnormalities, unmutated IgVH status, and
expression of ZAP70, and expression of CD38 (see Section 7.2 Pre-treatment).

3. Patients must have recovered from all acute adverse effects of prior therapies to
grade 1, excluding alopecia.

4. Patients must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of
0, 1 or 2.

5. Patients must be ≤ to 18 years of age.

6. Patients must have normal organ function as defined by:

total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)
AST(SGOT)/ALT(SGPT)≤ 2.5 x ULN serum creatinine ≤ 2.0 mg/dL OR creatinine clearance ≥
60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal.
The creatinine clearance in male patients may be calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault
formula: CrCl (mL/min) = [(140 - age) x weight (kg)]/ 72 x Cr (mg/dL). Note: in
female patients, this calculation must be multiplied by a factor of 0.85.

7. Patients must have serum sodium levels ≥ 135 mmol/L and serum chloride levels ≥ 98

8. Male patients must have a QTc interval of < 450 msec and female patients must have a
QTc interval of < 470 msec.

9. Patients must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent

10. Patients must be at least 2 weeks from prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, major
surgery, or other investigational anticancer therapy. Patients may receive steroids
to control the secondary effects of CLL such as autoimmune cytopenia or painful
lymph nodes if this is considered by the treating physician to be in the best
interest of the patient.

11. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test
within 2 weeks prior to beginning treatment on this study. Male and female patients
must use acceptable contraceptive methods during the entire study period and for 1
month after the end of study or after being discontinued from the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Patients who are currently receiving chemotherapy, radiotherapy, biological therapy,
or any other investigational therapy.

2. Patients who have had chemotherapy or radiotherapy within 2 weeks prior to entering
the study or those who have not recovered from adverse effects due to agents
administered more than 4 weeks earlier.

3. Patients with uncontrolled known leukemic meningitis, because of their poor prognosis
and likelihood of developing progressive neurologic dysfunction which would confound
evaluation of neurologic and other adverse events.

4. Patients with a history of sensitivity or allergy attributed to compounds of similar
chemical composition to GNKG168 or to the Prevnar™ vaccine.

5. Patients with concurrent serious infections (i.e., requiring an intravenous

6. Patients with active malignancy (excepting non-melanomatous skin cancers) which may
limit survival to less than 2 years.

7. Patients with pre-existing autoimmune diseases (i.e. systemic lupus erythematosis,
rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis, primary sclerosing
cholangitis, thyroiditis, scleroderma, etc.) are not eligible.

8. Women who are pregnant or are of childbearing potential and not using methods to
avoid pregnancy, and women who are breastfeeding.

9. Patients with uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to,
ongoing or active infection, unstable angina pectoris or psychiatric illness/social
situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.

10. Patients with significant cardiac disease including heart failure that meets New York
Heart Association (NYHA) class III and IV definitions, history of myocardial
infarction within six months of study entry, uncontrolled dysrhythmias or poorly
controlled angina.

11. Patients with known positive status for HIV or active hepatitis B or hepatitis C.

12. Patients with any medical condition which in the opinion of the Investigator places
them at an unacceptably high risk for toxicities.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

To determine the dose limiting toxicity (DLT) and recommended phase 2 dose


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

September 2009

Completion Date:

July 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Leukemia
  • Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (B-CLL)
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
  • Leukemia, Lymphoid



North Shore University HospitalManhasset, New York  11030
University of MinnesotaMinneapolis, Minnesota  55455
Oregon Health & Sciences UniversityPortland, Oregon  97201
Cornell UniversityNew York, New York  10021
Univ. of San Diego: Moores UCSD Cancer CenterLa Jolla, California  92093