Know Cancer

forgot password

START (Study in Asia of the Combination of Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) With Sorafenib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Patients) Trial

Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Thank you

Trial Information

START (Study in Asia of the Combination of Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization (TACE) With Sorafenib in Hepatocellular Carcinoma (HCC) Patients) Trial

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age ≧ 18

- life expectancy > 12 weeks

- Histologically diagnosed HCC, OR clinically diagnosed HCC for patients with
difficulty in obtaining histological diagnosis. A clinically diagnosed HCC should
fulfill ALL the criteria below

- Chronic hepatitis B or C and/or evidence of liver cirrhosis.

- Presence of hepatic tumour(s) with image findings compatible with HCC, and no
evidence of other gastrointestinal tumours

- A persistent elevation of serum AFP >= 400 ng/ml without any evidence of an
existing α-fetoprotein-secreting germ cell tumour

- Child-Pugh score ≦ 7


- The patient must have a solitary hepatic tumour greater than 3 cm in diameter or
multifocal disease as evidenced by CT or MRI scanning.

- The target lesion must not have been previously treated with local therapy

- The patient must not be a candidate for surgical resection or ablation of the tumour.
Size of largest tumor ≦10cm in largest dimension

- Patients who have received previous local therapy treatments (RFA, PEI, cryoablation,
surgery, resection) to non-target lesions are eligible

- Local therapy must have been completed at least 4 weeks prior to baseline scan.

- ECOG performance status 0 or 1

- Hb ≧ 9g/dL,

- Absolute neutrophil count > 1000/mm3

- Platelet count ≧ 60x109/L

- Adequate clotting function: INR < 1.5

- Hepatic: AST or ALT < 5 X ULN

- Renal: serum creatinine < 1.5 x ULN

- Bilirubin ≦ 3mg/dL

- The patient must give written, informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

- Tumor factors

- Presence of extrahepatic metastasis

- Predominantly infiltrative lesion

- Diffuse tumor morphology with extensive lesions involving both lobes.

- Vascular complications

- Hepatic artery thrombosis, or

- Partial or complete thrombosis of the main portal vein, or

- Tumor invasion of portal branch of contralateral lobe, or

- Hepatic vein tumor thrombus, or

- Significant arterioportal shunt not amenable to shunt blockage

- Liver function

- Advanced liver disease: ascites, hepatic encephalopathy

- Patients with clinically significant gastrointestinal bleeding within the 30
days prior to study entry.

- Others

- Pregnant or lactating women.

- Active sepsis or bleeding.

- Hypersensitivity to intravenous contrast agents.

- The patient has received prior treatment for HCC target lesion.

- History of cardiac disease

- Congestive heart failure > NYHA class 2; active coronary artery disease

- Cardiac arrhythmias requiring anti-arrhythmic therapy other than beta
blockers or digoxin.

- Hypertension defined as systolic blood pressure > 150 mmHg or diastolic pressure
> 90 mmHg despite optimal medical management.

- Therapeutic anticoagulation with coumarin, heparins, or heparinoids.

- Serious non-healing wounds (including wounds healing by secondary intention),
acute or non-healing ulcers, or bone fractures within 3 months.

- Impairment of swallowing that would preclude administration of sorafenib.

- The patient is, in the opinion of the investigator, unable and / or unwilling to
comply with treatment and study instructions.

- Previous or concurrent cancer that is distinct in primary site or histology from
HCC, EXCEPT cervical carcinoma in situ, treated basal cell carcinoma,
superficial bladder tumors (Ta, Tis & T1). Any cancer curatively treated > 3
years prior to entry is permitted

- Any active clinically serious infections (> grade 2 NCI-CTCAE ver 3.0)

- HIV infection or AIDS-related illness or serious acute or chronic illness (based
on medical history)

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Outcome Measure:

Safety and tolerability (such as adverse events and laboratory changes (haematology, clinical chemistry))

Outcome Time Frame:

2 years

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Yee Chao

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:



Taiwan: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

February 2009

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma
  • Combination of TACE With Sorafenib
  • Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma, Hepatocellular