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Correlation of the Microculture Kinetic (MiCK) Apoptosis Test Results With Drug Treatment Results in Cancer Patients

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Trial Information

Correlation of the Microculture Kinetic (MiCK) Apoptosis Test Results With Drug Treatment Results in Cancer Patients

Identification of those patients with cancer who will or will not respond to a specific
chemotherapy is important for making decisions regarding chemotherapy regimens as well as
alternative management approaches. A laboratory test that could help to determine the
sensitivity of an individual patient's tumor cells to specific chemotherapeutic agents would
be valuable in choosing the optimal chemotherapy regimen for that patient with an
expectation of increasing the response rate to the therapy. Several types of in vitro
assays that measure tumor cell survival following exposure to cytotoxic agents have been
evaluated for their ability to predict chemotherapy outcomes. As a group, these assays are
referred to as drug resistance assays. In a resistance assay, the surviving tumor cells can
be detected directly by their exclusion or metabolism of specific dyes. Alternatively,
since some of tumor cells are proliferating, their survival can be detected by measurement
of DNA synthesis by radiolabeled precursor incorporation or demonstration of clonogenic
potential by growth into colonies in semi-solid culture medium. In several clinical studies,
these assays were useful in detecting drug resistance and in predicting a poor prognosis for
cancer patients. However, these resistance assays cannot detect sensitivity of an individual
patient's tumor cells to a specific drug. Therefore, new methods determining
drug-sensitivity of the tumor cells of an individual patient and, thus, capable of both
predicting a positive treatment outcome and guiding chemotherapy, would be of significant

Recently, an automated microculture kinetic (MiCK) assay for measuring drug induced
apoptosis in tumor cells has been developed1-4. Apoptosis is a distinct mode of cell death
which occurs under physiological conditions and yet can be induced in malignant cells by
chemical and physical factors including antitumor drugs5-7. During the last decade, it has
been recognized that chemotherapeutic agents exert their antitumor activity by triggering
apoptosis in susceptible tumor cells8-17. This implies that the MiCK assay for apoptosis
provides a mechanism-based approach to studying effects of cytotoxic agents on tumor cells.
Unlike "resistance" assays that measure a fraction of cells surviving drug exposure, the
MiCK assay measures a fraction of tumor cells killed by a chemotherapeutic agent via
mechanism of apoptosis. Therefore the MiCK assay determines drug sensitivity, rather than
resistance. Recently the MiCK assay has been shown to predict complete remission rate and
survival in acute myeloid leukemia patients better than clinical criteria did18-20. In a
limited study, the MiCK assay has been used to direct chemotherapy of the leukemia patients

The MiCK assay has also been used to study drug-induced apoptosis in solid tumors, including
neuroblastoma and colon adenocarcinoma cell lines22-23. More recent data accumulated by
DiaTech has demonstrated that the MiCK assay can detect drug induced apoptosis in primary
cultures of tumor cells isolated from patients with ovarian carcinoma, gastric carcinoma,
metastatic breast cancer and high grade soft tissue sarcoma. The purpose of this study is to
correlate the results of the MICK assay with short- and long-term results of treatments in
cancer patients and evaluate the role of the MiCK assay in guiding chemotherapy of cancer

Inclusion Criteria:

- 3.1.1 Patients with pathological diagnoses of cancer or leukemia

- 3.1.2 Patients must have tumor which is accessible for biopsy and agree to undergo
tumor biopsy, or drainage of malignant effusion, and the specimen must be submitted
for MiCK assay.

- 3.1.3 Patients for whom chemotherapy is planned.

Exclusion Criteria:

- 3.2.1 Patients with symptomatic/uncontrolled parenchymal brain or meningeal
metastasis and tumors not accessible for biopsy.

- 3.2.2 Patients who are pregnant. Pregnancy. During the course of the study, all
patients of childbearing potential should be instructed to contact the treating
physician if they suspect they might have conceived a child; for females, a missing
or late menstrual period should be reported to the treating physician. If pregnancy
is confirmed by a pregnancy test, the patient must not receive chemotherapy in this
study and must not be enrolled into the study or, if already enrolled, must be
withdrawn from the study. If a male patient is suspected of having fathered a child
while on the study, the pregnant female partner must be notified and counseled
regarding the risk to the fetus. Pregnancy during the course of this study will be
reported to the Principal Investigator as a serious adverse event. Women of child
bearing potential are defined to include any female who has experienced menarche and
has not undergone successful surgical sterilization (hysterectomy, bilateral tubal
ligation, or bilateral oophorectomy) or is not post-menopausal (defined as amenorrhea
for more than 12 consecutive months); these includes also females using oral,
implanted, or injectable contraceptive hormones, mechanical devices, or barrier
methods to prevent pregnancy.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Observational Model: Case Control, Time Perspective: Prospective

Outcome Measure:

To evaluate the ability of the MiCK assay to guide chemotherapy of cancer patients, with emphasis on patients failing primary treatment, patients with unknown primary tumors, and patients with tumors difficult to treat such as carcinoma of lung.

Outcome Time Frame:

one year

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Cary Presant, MD

Investigator Role:

Study Director

Investigator Affiliation:

DiaTech Oncology


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

Master Study DiaTech Oncology



Start Date:

December 2008

Completion Date:

November 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Cancer
  • Chemosensitivity, chemotherapy, all cancers, personalized chemotherapy, personalized cancer treatment
  • Cancer Patients for whom chemotherapy is planned.



Baptist HospitalNashville, Tennessee  37236
Tampa General HospitalTampa, Florida  33606
Nashville Oncology AssociatesNashville, Tennessee  37203
Wilshire Oncology Medical Group, IncLaVerne, California  91750
DiaTech OncologyBrentwood, Tennessee  37027
Cumberland Medical CenterCrossville, Tennessee  38555
Middle Tennessee Medical CenterMurfreesboro, Tennessee  37219
St. Thomas Research Institute, LLCNashville, Tennessee  37203
Tennessee Breast SpecialistsNashville, Tennessee  37203
Tennessee Toracic Surgical SpecialistsNashville, Tennessee  37205