A Multicenter, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled, Crossover Study for the Evaluation of the Safety, Tolerability, and Efficacy of ARX-F02 Compared to Placebo in the Treatment of Cancer Breakthrough Pain
1. Patients 18 years of age or older with documented clinical history or evidence of a
2. Patients must have sufficient pain to require at least the equivalent of 60 mg/day
oral morphine, at least 25 mcg/hr transdermal fentanyl, at least 30 mg/day oxycodone,
at least 8 mg/day oral hydromorphone for a week or longer.
3. Patient is experiencing 1 - 4 episodes of cancer breakthrough pain per day, on
average but not necessarily every day, requiring use of an additional opioid
4. Patient has a life expectancy of at least 3 months.
5. Patient must have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status
rating < 2.
6. Patient must be able to provide reliable documentation of pain intensity, pain
relief, use of rescue medication, and global evaluation of treatment personally or
with the help of a caregiver.
7. Patient must be able to enter simple commands on a Palm Pilot device, personally or
with the help of a caregiver.
8. If patient is female and of childbearing potential she must have a negative urine
pregnancy test at screening, and must use medically acceptable methods of birth
control. Acceptable methods of birth control include oral or transdermal
contraceptives, condom, spermicidal foam, IUD, progestin implant or injection,
abstinence, vaginal ring, or sterilization of partner. The reason for
non-childbearing potential, such as bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy,
hysterectomy, or 1 year or more postmenopausal must be specified in the patient's
9. Patient must demonstrate the dexterity to handle the single-dose applicator that will
be used for placing the NanoTab™ under the tongue.
10. Patient and/or caregiver must demonstrate ability to use the NanoTab™ retrieval
11. There must be a caregiver in the home (or hospice) who will be present for at least 1
hour following each dose during titration.
12. Patient must provide written informed consent.
1. Patients with uncontrollable or rapidly escalating pain.
2. Patients with a history of psychiatric disease or loss of cognitive function that
would prevent patient from providing reliable study documentation.
3. Patients with oral mucositis or stomatitis.
4. Patients with a history of substance abuse within the past year.
5. Patients who are using intrathecal opioids.
6. Patients with underlying pulmonary disease such as sleep apnea or chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease characterized by CO2 retention that is deemed clinically
significant by the investigator.
7. Patients at risk of significant bradyarrhythmia, in the opinion of the Investigator,
due to underlying heart disease.
8. Patients with abnormal chemistry or hematology that are deemed by the investigator to
be clinically significant. Abnormalities that are cancer related should be
9. Patients with clinically significant abnormality on the Screening ECG who, in the
Investigator's opinion, should not participate in the study.
10. Patients who will be receiving chemotherapy or radiation treatment during the 3-week
titration phase or 3-week double-blind phase that, in the Investigator's opinion, may
dramatically alter the patient's pain level or response to pain medications.
11. Patients who are taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), or have taken MAOIs
within 14 days prior to enrolling in the study.
12. Patients who have participated in a clinical trial of an investigational drug or
device within 30 days of screening visit.
13. Patients who, in the Investigator's opinion, should not participate in the study or
may not be capable of following the study schedule or procedures for any reason.
14. Patients who are employees or family members of the Investigator, study center or