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Promoting Colon Cancer Screening Among African Americans


N/A
51 Years
80 Years
Not Enrolling
Both
Colorectal Cancer

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Trial Information

Promoting Colon Cancer Screening Among African Americans


OBJECTIVES:

- Compare rates of participation in fecal occult blood testing and endoscopic screening
(colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy) among African-Americans who receive an interactive
computer intervention (ICI) versus a non-tailored colorectal cancer screening brochure.

- Examine mediators and moderators of intervention effectiveness as depicted in the
conceptual model.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Participants are stratified according to site, age (≤ 65 years old vs > 65 years old) and
gender. Participants are randomized to one of two arms.

- Arm I (non-tailored colorectal cancer screening brochure): Participants undergo a
baseline interview via telephone and receive a colorectal cancer screening brochure in
the clinic prior to visit with healthcare provider. Participants then undergo telephone
interviews at 1 week, 6 months, and 15 months.

- Arm II (interactive computer intervention [ICI]): Participants undergo a baseline
interview via telephone and complete an ICI in the clinic prior to visit with
healthcare provider. Participants then undergo telephone interviews at 1 week, 6
months, and 15 months.

Inclusion Criteria


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Currently being seen in the primary care clinics of either Wishard Memorial Hospital
OR Roudebush Veterans Affairs Medical Center

- African-American who is currently non-adherent to screening guidelines, meeting all
of the following criteria:

- No fecal occult blood test in the past 12 months

- No sigmoidoscopy in the past 5 years

- No colonoscopy in the past 10 years

- Patients with average and increased risk for colorectal cancer are eligible

- No personal history of colorectal cancer

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- Participants must have a telephone

- English-speaking

- Able to read at a 5th grade reading level

- No medical condition that prohibits colorectal cancer screening

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- See Disease Characteristics

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Primary Purpose: Prevention

Outcome Measure:

Self-reported colorectal cancer (CRC) screening adherence with medical record verification of screening test completion

Outcome Time Frame:

6 and 15 months post-intervention

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

Susan Rawl, PhD, RN

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Indiana University School of Medicine

Authority:

United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

IUSN-0604-01B

NCT ID:

NCT00672828

Start Date:

January 2008

Completion Date:

April 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Colorectal Cancer
  • colon cancer
  • rectal cancer
  • Colonic Neoplasms
  • Colorectal Neoplasms

Name

Location

Indiana University School of NursingIndianapolis, Indiana  46202