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Open Label, Randomized, Multicenter Phase II Study of a Combination of Torisel® (Temsirolimus) and Avastin® (Bevacizumab) Versus Sutent® (Sunitinib) and Versus a Combination of Avastin® (Bevacizumab) and Roféron® (Interferon Alpha-2a) in First-line Treatment of Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma.

Phase 2
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma

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Trial Information

Open Label, Randomized, Multicenter Phase II Study of a Combination of Torisel® (Temsirolimus) and Avastin® (Bevacizumab) Versus Sutent® (Sunitinib) and Versus a Combination of Avastin® (Bevacizumab) and Roféron® (Interferon Alpha-2a) in First-line Treatment of Patients With Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma.

This is a phase II, open label, randomized, parallel group, multicenter study evaluating
first-line treatment of patients with metastatic renal cancer using a combination of
Torisel® administered intravenously as 25 mg every week and Avastin® administered
intravenously as 10 mg/kg every 2 weeks.

Two standard arms with either Sutent® (given orally as 50 mg once daily during 4 weeks,
followed by 2 weeks off) or a combination of Avastin® (administered intravenously as 10
mg/kg every 2 weeks) and Interferon (IFN, administered subcutaneously as 9 MU three times a
week) will be used to validate the results obtained in the experimental arm (randomization
eliminates selection biases), and to assess Sutent® efficacy rate on a more representative
population than in Motzer's trial (Motzer NEJM 2007).

The study is not designed to provide head-to-head comparisons between the experimental arm
(Avastin® + Torisel®) and the two standard arms (Sutent® and IFN + Avastin®). Randomization
will be used as a tool for allocating patients evenly into the 3 treatment arms to ensure
proper balance of prognostic factors. If the progression-free rates observed in randomly
assigned control patients are inconsistent with historical data, it may be a warning that
the results observed for the experimental arm should be viewed with caution. Patients will
be randomly assigned to either option in a 2:1:1 ratio (half less patients in the standard
arms used only as historical comparators), and stratified according to inclusion center and
performance status (ECOG PS 0 vs. 1 vs. 2).

In the absence of severe toxicity, treatment will be continued until documented progression
of the disease (RECIST criteria). Toxicity will be evaluated throughout the treatment period
and until disappearance or stabilization of the side effect(s). In case of progression, each
investigator makes his/her own treatment decisions, provided that all anti-cancer treatments
given to the patients within the frame of the study are reported, as well as their results.

Response rates will be assessed between weeks 11-12, 23-24, 35-36, 47-48 in the first year
(corresponding to 2 cycles of Sutent®) and every 3 months afterwards until treatment stop,
or until patient death or end of clinical data collection.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Male or female patients>= 18 years of age;

- Patients with histological or cytological evidence of metastatic renal cell carcinoma
mostly of all type,except for papillary;

- No prior systemic treatment (chemotherapy, immunotherapy, anti-angiogenic drugs, or
treatment under evaluation) for metastatic renal cancer;

- No brain metastases revealed by MRI or CT-scan within 28 days prior to randomization.
Patients with a history of brain metastases treated by surgery +/- radiation therapy
can be included if they have normal brain MRI;

- E.C.O.G performance status =<2;

- At least one measurable lesion using the RECIST criteria;

- Blood tests and renal and liver functions in the normal range with, in the 7 days
prior to study entry, blood or serum values as follows:

Hemoglobin > 8g/dl; Neutrophil count > 1500*10exp9/L; Platelets > 100*10exp9/L; Serum
creatinine < 200µmol/L; Total Bilirubin < 1.5 times upper limit of normal; ALT and AST <
2.5 times upper limit of normal or < 5 ULN for patients with liver metastases, PT or INR <
1.5 times upper limit of normal in the absence of anticoagulant therapy;

- Absence of proteinuria confirmed by urinary dipstick test

- Fertile women must use effective means of contraception

- Mandatory affiliation with a healthy security insurance

- Signed written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patient with pure papillary renal cell carcinoma

- Prior systemic treatment for metastatic renal cancer

- History of other malignancies, other than curatively treated in-situ carcinoma of the
cervix or basal cell carcinoma of the skin, or any other curatively treated cancer
with no sign of recurrence within 5 years prior to randomization

- Evidence of brain metastasis by computerized tomographic scan or MRI in the 28 days
prior to randomization. Patients with history of brain metastases treated by
exclusive brain therapy are not allowed to participate, even if brain MRI is normal

- Significant cardiovascular disease or uncontrolled hypertension while receiving
appropriate medication (>= 160 mm Hg systolic and/or >= 90 mm Hg diastolic)

- Hepatic affection like chronic advanced hepatitis, liver cirrhosis or chronic
hepatitis recently treated or in process of treatment by immunosuppressive agents,
hepatitis auto-immune or history of auto-immune disease

- Major surgical procedure, open biopsy, or serious non healing wound within 28 days
prior to randomization

- Uncontrolled hypercalcemia while receiving appropriate treatment

- Uncontrolled hypercholesterolemia or hypertriglyceridemia

- Patient under anti-vitamin K therapy

- Patient under strong CYP3A4 inhibitors

- Patient with severe neuropsychiatric disorder (or comitial crises)

- Patient included in another clinical trial, except for supportive care trials

- Pregnant or lactating women (mandatory negative serum or urinary pregnancy test at
study entry for all women of childbearing potential)

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

progression-free rate

Outcome Time Frame:

at 48 weeks post-treatment

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator


Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Centre Leon Berard


France: Afssaps - Agence française de sécurité sanitaire des produits de santé (Saint-Denis)

Study ID:




Start Date:

February 2008

Completion Date:

February 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Metastatic Renal Cell Carcinoma
  • Temsirolimus
  • Bevacizumab
  • Metastatic renal cell carcinoma
  • Non-progression
  • Carcinoma
  • Carcinoma, Renal Cell