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A Phase I, Multi-Center, Dose-Escalation Trial to Determine the Safety, Tolerability, and Maximum Tolerated Dose of AV-412 Administered Orally Three Times Weekly to Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors


Phase 1
18 Years
N/A
Not Enrolling
Both
Advanced Cancer, Refractory Cancer

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Trial Information

A Phase I, Multi-Center, Dose-Escalation Trial to Determine the Safety, Tolerability, and Maximum Tolerated Dose of AV-412 Administered Orally Three Times Weekly to Subjects With Advanced Solid Tumors


This is an open-label, dose escalation trial, and all subjects will receive oral AV-412
administered three times weekly or once weekly for 4 weeks (1 cycle) to evaluate safety and
tolerability of AV-412. Treatment duration will be a minimum of 2 consecutive dosing
cycles (8 weeks), if tolerated.

- Upon completion of the 2 cycles, subjects with documented stable disease or an
objective response may continue to receive therapy at the same dose and schedule
previously utilized, as long as tolerability is acceptable, for up to 1 year.
Treatment beyond 1 year from the time of enrollment will be reviewed on a case-by-case
basis between the sponsor and investigator.

- Subjects experiencing unacceptable toxicities or with documented disease progression
will be discontinued from further participation in the study Accrual to next cohort
will occur only after acceptable tolerance has been demonstrated throughout Cycle 1,
and only after consultation with medical monitor.


Inclusion Criteria:



1. Ability to give written informed consent

2. 18 years and older

3. Evaluable disease or measurable disease according to RECIST.

4. Subjects enrolled in the MTD Cohort B must have the following:

- A diagnosis of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC)

- Received prior therapy with erlotinib or gefitinib for a minimum of 12 weeks

- Demonstrated disease stabilization or an objective response during that prior
treatment

- Evidence of disease progression and measurable disease, according to RECIST

5. Histologically confirmed solid tumor malignancy that is locally advanced or
metastatic

6. Disease that is currently refractory to, or not amenable to, standard therapy and/or
subjects who are unwilling to try standard chemotherapy

7. Disease that is currently not amenable to surgical intervention, due to either
medical contraindications or non-resectability of the tumor

8. Karnofsky performance status ≥ 70%

9. Life expectancy ≥ 3 months, as judged by the investigator

10. No childbearing potential; or use of a medically acceptable form of contraception
during the study through the end of follow-up period

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Pregnant or lactating women

2. Primary CNS malignancy and/or active CNS metastases (or leptomeningeal disease) not
controlled by prior surgery or radiotherapy

3. Hematologic malignancies (including leukemia of any form, lymphoma, and multiple
myeloma)

4. Active second malignancy or history of another malignancy within 2 years with the
exception of:

- Treated, non-melanoma skin cancers

- Treated carcinoma in situ (CIS) of the breast or cervix

- Controlled, superficial carcinoma of the bladder

- T1a or b prostate carcinoma comprising < 5% of resected tissue, with prostate
specific antigen (PSA) within normal limits (WNL) since resection

5. Any of the following hematologic abnormalities:

- Hemoglobin ≤ 9.0 g/dL

- ANC ≤ 1500 per mm3

- Platelet count ≤ 75,000 per mm3

6. Any of the following serum chemistry abnormalities:

- Total bilirubin > 1.5 × the ULN

- AST or ALT ≥ 3 × ULN (≥ 5 × ULN if due to hepatic involvement by tumor)

- Serum albumin < 2.5 g/dL

- Creatinine ≥ 1.5 × ULN

7. Significant cardiovascular disease or condition, including:

- Congestive heart failure requiring therapy

- Ventricular arrhythmia requiring therapy

- Severe conduction disturbance (including QTc interval prolongation > 0.47 sec
[corrected], history of a severe arrhythmia, or history of a familial arrhythmia
[eg, Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome])

- Angina pectoris requiring therapy

- Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 50% by MUGA or echocardiogram

- Uncontrolled hypertension (as determined by investigator)

- Myocardial infarction (MI) within 6 months prior to administration of first dose

- >Class I cardiovascular disease according to the New York Heart Association's
(NYHA) Functional Criteria

8. Significant gastrointestinal abnormalities, including:

- Requirement for IV alimentation

- Prior surgical procedures affecting absorption

- Active peptic ulcer disease

- Grade 2 diarrhea due to any etiology

- Ulcerative colitis or Crohn's disease

9. Known history of significant ophthalmologic abnormalities, including:

- Severe dry eye syndrome

- Keratoconjunctivitis sicca

- Sjogren's syndrome

- Severe exposure keratopathy

- Disorders that might increase the risk for epithelium-related complications (eg,
bullous keratopathy, aniridia, severe chemical burns, neutrophilic keratitis)

10. Serious/active infection or any infection requiring parenteral antibiotics

11. Inadequate recovery from prior antineoplastic therapy

12. Inadequate recovery from any prior surgical procedure or major surgical procedure
within 2 weeks prior to administration of first dose

13. Life-threatening illness, or organ system dysfunction which, in the opinion of the
investigator, would limit life expectancy to < 3 months, compromise the subject's
safety, or interfere with evaluation of the safety of the study drug

14. Psychiatric disorder or altered mental status that would preclude understanding of
the informed consent process and/or completion of the necessary study procedures

15. Inability to comply with the protocol requirements

Drugs and Treatments to be Excluded:

1. Any prior therapy with the following:

- Doxorubicin at a cumulative dose > 450 mg/m2 or equivalent dose of another
anthracycline (eg, daunorubicin, epirubicin, idarubicin) or anthracenedione (eg,
mitoxantrone).

- HKI-272 or any other irreversible EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitor (eg, CI- 1033
and similar agents).

2. Therapy within 2 weeks prior to administration of the first dose or at any time
during the study with:

• Herbal preparations/supplements (except for a daily multivitamin/mineral supplement
not containing herbal components)

3. Therapy within 3 weeks prior to administration of the first dose or at any time
during the study with:

- Erlotinib (Tarceva®) or gefitinib (Iressa®)

- Antibodies to EGFR (eg, cetuximab, panitumumab)

- Agents targeting HER2 (ErbB2) (eg, trastuzumab, lapatinib)

4. Therapy within 4 weeks prior to administration of the first dose or at any time
during the study with:

- Chemotherapy with the exception of the following:

- Mitomycin C or nitrosoureas within 6 weeks prior to administration of first dose

- High-dose chemotherapy with stem cell support within 6 months prior to
administration of first dose

- Other antineoplastic agents (standard or therapeutic) for primary malignancy,
including but not limited to signal transduction inhibitors and monoclonal
antibodies.

- Immunotherapy, cancer vaccines, biological response modifiers

5. Systemic hormonal therapy within 4 weeks prior to administration of the first dose or
at any time during the study, with the exception of the following allowed therapies:

- Hormonal therapy for appetite stimulation or contraception

- Nasal, ophthalmic, and topical glucocorticoid preparations

- Oral replacement therapy for adrenal insufficiency

- Stable hormonal therapy for prostate carcinoma

- Low-dose maintenance, or short course (ie, 7 days) steroid therapy for other
conditions

6. Any experimental therapy within 4 weeks prior to or at any time during the study

7. Radiotherapy for the primary malignancy:

- Within 2 weeks prior to first study drug administration if involving ≤25% of
marrow-containing bone

- Within 4 weeks prior to first study drug administration if involving >25% of
marrow-containing bone

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Evaluate the safety, tolerability, dose-limiting toxicities (DLT) and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of AV-412 administered orally 3 times weekly and once weekly in subjects with relapsed or refractory solid tumor malignancies.

Outcome Time Frame:

4 weeks (1 cycle)

Safety Issue:

Yes

Principal Investigator

Pankaj Bhargava, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Study Director

Investigator Affiliation:

AVEO Pharmaceuticals

Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

AV-412-07-102

NCT ID:

NCT00551850

Start Date:

October 2007

Completion Date:

May 2010

Related Keywords:

  • Advanced Cancer
  • Refractory Cancer
  • epidermal growth factor inhibitor
  • solid tumors
  • advanced cancer
  • Neoplasms

Name

Location

Dana-Farber Cancer InstituteBoston, Massachusetts  02115
Montefiore Medical CenterBronx, New York  10467-2490
Georgetown University HospitalWashington, District of Columbia  20007
Kansas Masonic Cancer Research CenterKansas City, Kansas  66160