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H-9926-LCH III: Treatment Protocol of the Third International Study for Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis


Phase 3
N/A
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Both
Leukemia

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Trial Information

H-9926-LCH III: Treatment Protocol of the Third International Study for Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis


Therapy for "LOW RISK" Patients:

The decision as to which research program you will be assigned will be made entirely by
chance. The overall time of therapy will be 6 or 12 months as randomly assigned. The
research program will be with the drugs Vinblastine and Prednisone.

Initial Therapy

1. Prednisone given by mouth three times a day daily as a four-week course, then gradually
decreased over 2 more weeks.

2. Vinblastine will be given IV (into a vein) one day a week for 6 weeks.

3. Patients who have no evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to
continuation therapy.

Patients whose disease response is stable, mixed or worse will receive additional therapy
with:

1. Prednisone in 3 divided doses by mouth for 3 days every week, from week 7-12.

2. Vinblastine IV one day a week for 6 more weeks.

- If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will
begin.

Continuation Therapy

1. Prednisone in 3 doses daily day 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of month 6 or 12 from
start of therapy, as randomized.

2. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 6 or 12 from start of
therapy, as randomized.

Therapy for "SPECIAL SITE" (Multi-focal Bone Involvement) Patients:

Treatment consists of an initial treatment of 6 weeks and a continuation treatment. A
second course is given only to patients with progressive disease. The overall therapy time
period is 6 months.

Initial Therapy 4. Prednisone given by mouth three times a day daily as a four-week course,
then gradually decreased over 2 more weeks.

5. Vinblastine will be given IV (into a vein) one day a week for 6 weeks. 6. Patients who
have no evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to continuation therapy.

Patients whose disease response is stable, mixed or worse will receive additional therapy
with:

3. Prednisone in 3 divided doses days 1-3 weekly from week 7-12. 4. Vinblastine IV one day a
week for 6 more weeks.

- If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will begin.

Continuation Therapy 3. Prednisone in 3 doses daily day 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of
month 6. 4. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 6.

Group 1 "RISK" patients:

The primary aim of the study is to compare the therapeutic efficacy of control arm A
(PDN+VBL) with the experimental arm B (PDN+VBL+MTX). The primary endpoint is the proportion
of non-responder in risk organs to the initial treatment.

Non-response to initial therapy is defined as:

• death within 12 weeks of initial treatment or

- progression (worse) in risk organs at week 6

- lack of response (=intermediate response or progression) in risk organs at week 12 as
compared to the status of disease at week 6.

If the null hypothesis is true, the two randomized treatment arms are equally effective in
terms of non-response. If the alternative hypotheses is true, there is a difference between
the two randomized arms in terms of efficacy.

Group 2 "LOW RISK" patients:

The primary aim of the study is to compare the reactivation free survival rate in initial
responders at week 6 with continuation treatment for 6 months (Arm LR 6) versus 12 months
(Arm LR 12) in those patients without disease reactivation within the first 6 months.

If the null hypothesis is true, the reactivation rate of both randomized arms are equal. If
the alternative hypothesis is true, there is a difference between the two arms in terms of
reactivation frequency.

Therapy for "RISK" Patients:

Treatment A will consist of:

7. Initial Therapy 8. Prednisone given by mouth three times a day daily as a four-week
course, then gradually decreased over 2 more weeks.

9. Vinblastine will be given IV (into a vein) one day a week for 6 weeks. 10. Patients who
have no evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to continuation therapy.

Patients whose disease is improved or unchanged will receive additional therapy with:

5. Prednisone in 3 divided doses by mouth for 3 days every week, from week 7-12.

6. Vinblastine IV one day a week for 6 more weeks.

** If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will begin.

Continuation Therapy:

5. 6-MP by mouth daily until the end of month 12. 6. Prednisone in 3 doses daily day 1-5
every 3 weeks until the end of month 12. 7. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end
of month 12.

** Those patients whose disease didn't respond to the initial therapy by the 12th week will
come off this study and proceed to other research programs.

Treatment B will consist of:

1. Initial Therapy

2. Prednisone given by mouth three times a day daily as a four-week course then gradually
decreased over 2 more weeks.

3. Vinblastine will be given IV one day a week for 6 weeks.

4. Methotrexate given as a 24 hour IV infusion day 1 of weeks 1, 3, and 5, followed by
leucovorin.

5. Leucovorin is a drug that will be given to help the body remove the methotrexate and
decrease the possible side effects. (This is sometimes called a "leukovorin rescue".
The drug will be given by mouth.)

- Patients who have no evidence of active disease at this time will proceed to
continuation therapy.

Patients whose disease is improved or unchanged will receive additional therapy with:

1. Prednisone in 3 divided doses, days 1-3 weekly from week 7-12.

2. Vinblastine IV one day a week for 6 more weeks.

3. Methotrexate given as a 24 hour IV infusion day 1 of week 7, 9, and 11, followed by
leucovorin.

- If the disease is gone or better after this additional therapy continuation will
begin.

Continuation Therapy:

1. 6-MP by mouth daily until the end of month 12.

2. Prednisone in 3 doses daily days 1-5 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12.

3. Vinblastine IV day 1 every 3 weeks until the end of month 12.

4. Methotrexate by mouth once weekly until the end of month 12.

Those patients whose disease didn't respond to the initial research program by the 12th week
will come off this research study and proceed to another research program.


Inclusion Criteria:



All newly diagnosed patients who meet the following criteria are eligible to be enrolled
and followed in the study:

- Definitive diagnosis of LCH

- Age under 18 years

- No prior treatment for LCH

Exclusion Criteria:

- Not specified

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

The proportion of non-responder in risk organs to the initial treatment

Outcome Time Frame:

12 months

Safety Issue:

Yes

Principal Investigator

Jami Frost, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of New Mexico

Authority:

United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

H-9926-LCH III

NCT ID:

NCT00488605

Start Date:

February 2004

Completion Date:

February 2010

Related Keywords:

  • Leukemia
  • Histiocytosis
  • Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell
  • Leukemia

Name

Location

University of New MexicoAlbuquerque, New Mexico  87131