A Phase II Open-Label Study of the Subcutaneous Administration of Homoharringtonine (Omacetaxine Mepesuccinate) in the Treatment of Patients With Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML) With the T315I BCR-ABL Gene Mutation
Point mutations within the ABL kinase domain of the BCR-ABL gene are emerging as the most
frequent mechanism for resistance to imatinib and resultant reactivation of kinase activity.
The risk of mutation development is particularly high in patients who are beyond chronic
phase, as well as those with a long duration of disease prior to imatinib therapy.
The T315I kinase domain (KD) point mutation has merited particular attention, as T315I
expressing CML cells are markedly resistant to imatinib. CML patients with the T315I KD
mutation, therefore, do not respond to continued treatment with imatinib, and preliminary
clinical data indicate that neither of two newer tyrosine kinase inhibitors will have
activity in patients with T315I KD mutation either.
Omacetaxine mepesuccinate (HHT) is a potent inducer of apoptosis (programmed cell death) in
myeloid cells and inhibits angiogenesis (blood vessel formation). In Phase 2 studies, HHT
has demonstrated clinical activity in patients with CML, both as a single agent and
in-combination with other chemotherapeutic drugs. HHT works via a different mechanism than
imatinib or other tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI's), and HHT has been shown to inhibit in
vitro CML cell lines which harbor the T315I KD mutation and are highly resistant to
imatinib. Therefore, CML patients who have the T315I KD mutation may still respond to
treatment with HHT. HHT may therefore be an attractive therapeutic option for patients with
the T315I KD mutation.
On this basis, a multicenter clinical trial is being conducted of HHT therapy for CML
patients who have failed prior imatinib therapy and have the T315I KD mutation.
Patients will be treated with an induction course consisting of subcutaneous (SC) HHT twice
daily for 14 consecutive days every 28 days. Patients who demonstrate a response, may
receive maintenance therapy for up to 24 months, consisting of subcutaneous (SC) HHT twice
daily for 7 days every 28 days.
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Percentage of Participants Achieving a Clinical Response by Subpopulation
Subpopulations reflect chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) phases: chronic, accelerated, and blast phase.
up to 6 months
Jorge Cortes, MD
Univ. of Texas M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
United States: Food and Drug Administration
|Roswell Park Cancer Institute||Buffalo, New York 14263|
|Mayo Clinic - Jacksonville||Jacksonville, Florida 32224|
|Emory University School of Medicine||Atlanta, Georgia 30322|
|Our Lady of Mercy Medical Center||Bronx, New York 10466|
|M.D. Anderson Cancer Center||Houston, Texas 77030|
|USC / Norris Cancer Center||Los Angeles, California 90033|
|Indiana Bone Marrow Transplant Center||Beech Grove, Indiana 46107|
|University of Maryland, Greenbaum Cancer Center||Baltimore, Maryland 21201|
|Fox Chase-Temple BMT||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19111|