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Effect of Zoledronic Acid on Chemotherapy Induced Bone Loss in Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

Phase 3
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma, Lymphoma

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Trial Information

Effect of Zoledronic Acid on Chemotherapy Induced Bone Loss in Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Patients Receiving Chemotherapy

Medicines called "bisphosphonates" have been shown to help people with cancer that has
spread to their bones. Zoledronic acid is a "bisphosphonate". Some bisphosphonates are
pills that can be swallowed. Other bisphosphonates such as zoledronic acid need to be given
by vein (or intravenously). Some studies have shown that people with multiple myeloma,
breast cancer, and prostate cancer that had spread to the bone had less side effects from
their bone disease when they were treated with bisphosphonates by vein.

If you are found to be eligible to take part in this study, you will be randomly assigned
(as in the toss of a coin) to one of two treatment groups. Participants in one group will
receive standard care with calcium and Vitamin D alone. Participants in the other group will
receive standard care with calcium and Vitamin D plus zoledronic acid. There is an equal
chance of being assigned to either group. Both you and your study doctor will know if you
are being treated with zoledronic acid.

You will be asked to come to the doctor's clinic 5 times over about 12 months (at the start
of the study [baseline] and then every 3 months). Each visit should take about 1 hour.
Participants in the zoledronic acid group will receive an infusion of zoledronic acid by
vein at baseline and at 6 months into the study. The infusion will last about 30 minutes.
This infusion procedure may or may not be done at the same time as your already scheduled
chemotherapy treatment.

You will take calcium and Vitamin D pills while on study at amounts recommended for
prevention of osteoporosis.

You will have a physical exam done at every visit. Various x-rays and/or bone density scans
will be repeated after 12 months. Your doctor may also want to do additional bone density
or x-ray scans if you have new symptoms or your symptoms get worse.

Before each treatment, you will have a blood test (about 1-2 teaspoons of blood) to make
sure your kidneys are okay before each treatment with zoledronic acid. At each visit. your
doctor or nurse will ask you how you are feeling and will ask about any medications you are
taking or any medical problems you have had since your last visit. You will be asked to
complete questionnaires about how you are feeling at certain visits. These questionnaires
are 1 page long and should only take a few minutes to complete.

It is anticipated that your participation in this study will be 12 months. If your cancer
gets worse, or if your doctor feels that you should be treated with a different medicine,
you will be taken off of this study and your doctor will talk to you about other medicines
that may be better for you.

Participants who received Zoledronic Acid will be contacted regularly to ask about any
experience of osteonecrosis (bone death), for 10 years from the time they enroll on study.
They will be interviewed by telephone call every 6 months.

This is an investigational study. Zoledronic acid is approved by the FDA for the treatment
of high calcium levels in the blood. Zoledronic acid has not been approved by the FDA for
what it is being used for in this study. After the treatment ends, you may continue to
receive zoledronic acid or a similar drug, if your cancer doctor feels that it would help
you. About 72 patients will take part in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Diagnosis of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (B- or T-cell) or Hodgkin's lymphoma.

2. Prior Chemotherapy
3. Age >/= 18 years old.

4. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status 0-3.

5. Estimated creatinine clearance >/= 60 ml/min.

6. Must sign an informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Radiologic evidence of vertebral or hip fracture.

2. BMD T-score less than (i.e., worse than or more negative than) -2.0 at any of the
following sites: lumbar spine, femoral neck, or total hip.

3. Patients with secondary non-lymphomatous cancers metastatic to bone. However, other
secondary cancers are allowed.

4. Spinal cord compression due to vertebral collapse.

5. Bisphosphonate treatment in the prior 6 months or steroid use (greater than 35 mg of
prednisone equivalent steroids) in the prior 3 months. The use of topical, inhaled,
or nasal steroids is allowed.

6. Primary hyperparathyroidism.

7. Active osteomalacia.

8. Untreated hypocalcemia (ionized, iCa), Ionized Ca level must be within normal limits
prior to enrollment.

9. Untreated secondary hyperparathyroidism, Patients with abnormal parathyroid hormone
(PTH) levels may be enrolled as long as they are being treated.

10. Untreated vitamin D deficiency, Vitamin D level may be abnormal and patient may be
enrolled as long as they are being treated.

11. Untreated low testosterone (test in men only), testosterone level may be abnormal and
patient may be enrolled as long as they are being treated.

12. Paget's disease.

13. Pregnant or breast-feeding.

14. Radiotherapy involving the mandible.

15. Current active dental problems including infection of the teeth or jawbone (maxilla
or mandibular); dental or fixture trauma, or a current or prior diagnosis of
osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), or of exposed bone in the mouth, or of slow healing
after dental procedures.

16. Recent (within 3 weeks) or planned dental or jaw surgery (e.g.. extraction,

17. Patients with abnormal renal function as evidenced by either a serum creatinine
greater than 3 mg/dL or by a calculated creatinine clearance of < 60 mL/minute.

18. Known hypersensitivity to zoledronic acid or other bisphosphonates.

19. Hypercalcemia: corrected Ca > 10.2 mg/dL or ionized Ca > 1.32 mmol/L

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Change in Bone Mineral Density (BMD) T-Score From Baseline to 12 Months

Outcome Description:

The 12-month change from baseline in BMD at the total lumbar spine. BMD evaluation was performed at baseline and at 12 months after initiation of therapy at the lumbar spine. BMD was measured by dual-energy, x-ray absorptiometry scanners. T-Score is the number of standard deviations above or below the mean.

Outcome Time Frame:

From baseline to 12 Months

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Fredrick Hagemeister, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

January 2006

Completion Date:

September 2011

Related Keywords:

  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma
  • Lymphoma
  • Zoledronic Acid
  • Zoledronate
  • Zometa
  • Vitamin D
  • Calcium Carbonate
  • Bone Loss
  • Lymphoma
  • Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin



UT MD Anderson Cancer CenterHouston, Texas  77030