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A Phase III Randomized, Multicenter Non-Inferiority Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Oral Ibandronate Versus Intravenous Zoledronate in the Reduction of Skeletal-Related Events in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Phase 3
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Breast Cancer, Hypercalcemia of Malignancy, Metastatic Cancer, Pain

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Trial Information

A Phase III Randomized, Multicenter Non-Inferiority Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Oral Ibandronate Versus Intravenous Zoledronate in the Reduction of Skeletal-Related Events in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer



- Compare the efficacy of zoledronate vs ibandronate, in terms of preventing the
occurrence of skeletal-related events (SRE) (e.g., fracture, spinal cord compression,
radiotherapy or surgery for bone symptoms or events, or hypercalcemia ≥ grade 3), in
women with stage IV breast cancer and bone metastases.


- Compare the change in patient-reported measures of pain and use of analgesics in
patients treated with these drugs.

- Compare the time to first clinically apparent SRE in patients treated with these drugs.

- Compare the toxicity of these drugs.

- Compare the changes in performance status and overall survival of patients treated with
these drugs.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter, randomized study. Patients are stratified according to
hormone receptor status (estrogen receptor [ER] and progesterone receptor [PR] negative vs
ER and/or PR positive) and current evidence of fracture (vertebral or nonvertebral) or
spinal compression (yes vs no). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

- Arm I: Patients receive oral ibandronate once daily on days 1-28.

- Arm II: Patients receive zoledronate IV over 15 minutes on day 1. In both arms,
treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 18 courses in the absence of unacceptable

Quality of life and pain are assessed at baseline, every 3 courses during study treatment,
and at the end of study treatment.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 3 years.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 488 patients will be accrued for this study.

Inclusion Criteria


- Histologically confirmed stage IV breast cancer at primary diagnosis or at recurrence

- Any T, any N, M1

- At least 1 dominant osteolytic or osteoblastic or mixed metastatic lesion outside any
prior radiation field

- Lesion measures ≥ 1.0 cm by x-ray, CT scan, and/or MRI

- Controlled asymptomatic brain metastases allowed

- Controlled bone pain, defined as a physician/health care provider rating of ≤ grade 2
pain-SELECT (Bone) on the NCI CTC for Adverse Events Version 3.0 rating scale,

- Current evidence of vertebral or nonvertebral fractures or spinal compression due to
cancer, as determined by the treating physician, allowed

- No Paget's disease of the bone

- Estrogen receptor (ER) or progesterone receptor (PR) status known


- Female patient

- Menopausal status not specified

- Zubrod performance status 0-2

- Creatinine normal

- Creatinine clearance ≥ 60 mL/min

- Serum calcium < 12 mg/dL

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- Must be able to receive IV medication and oral medication (i.e., must have physical
integrity of the upper gastrointestinal tract)

- No malabsorption syndrome

- No primary hyperparathyroidism

- No known history of aspirin-sensitive asthma

- No other prior malignancy except for the following:

- Adequately treated basal cell or squamous cell skin cancer

- In situ cervical cancer

- Adequately treated stage I or II cancer currently in complete remission

- Any other cancer for which the patient has been disease-free for at least 5

- No uncontrolled medical illness or infection, including, but not limited to, the

- Unstable angina

- Recent myocardial infarction

- Life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia


- See Disease Characteristics

- No prior bisphosphonates for metastatic bone disease

- More than 28 days since prior aminoglycoside antibiotics

- At least 28 days since prior oral bisphosphonates for osteoporosis

- More than 6 months since prior bisphosphonates used for adjuvant therapy

- Concurrent treatment, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, and/or biologic
therapy for metastatic breast cancer allowed

- No concurrent participation in another clinical treatment trial for this cancer
unless the patient is no longer receiving the intervention and is in the follow-up
phase of the other clinical trial

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Supportive Care

Outcome Measure:

Skeletal-related events (SRE)

Principal Investigator

Saul E. Rivkin, MD

Investigator Role:

Study Chair

Investigator Affiliation:

Swedish Cancer Institute at Swedish Medical Center - First Hill Campus


United States: Federal Government

Study ID:




Start Date:

May 2006

Completion Date:

May 2006

Related Keywords:

  • Breast Cancer
  • Hypercalcemia of Malignancy
  • Metastatic Cancer
  • Pain
  • pain
  • hypercalcemia of malignancy
  • stage IV breast cancer
  • bone metastases
  • recurrent breast cancer
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Neoplasms
  • Hypercalcemia
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Neoplasms, Second Primary