Know Cancer

forgot password

A Phase I/II Clinical Study of Immunotherapy for Advanced Colorectal Cancers Using CEA-Pulsed Dendritic Cells Mixed With Tetanus Toxoid and Subsequent IL-2 Treatment

Phase 1/Phase 2
20 Years
75 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Colorectal Cancer

Thank you

Trial Information

A Phase I/II Clinical Study of Immunotherapy for Advanced Colorectal Cancers Using CEA-Pulsed Dendritic Cells Mixed With Tetanus Toxoid and Subsequent IL-2 Treatment

In this trial, we will immunize metastatic colorectal cancer patients with recombinant
CEA-pulsed DCs mixed with tetanus toxoid by subcutaneous injection. Low dose IL-2 will be
given subcutaneously following DC vaccination to boost the growth of T cells. We will adapt
“Simon’s optimal two-stage design” for this study. In the first stage, we will treat 12
patients to evaluate the safety of this new protocol. If there are no severe
toxicities/side effects and there is at least one patient that had stable disease or better
clinical response, then we will proceed to the second stage and treat additional 25
patients. We will follow the clinical outcome of these 37 patients. The immune responses
against CEA before and after vaccination will be examined.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Patients must have metastatic colorectal cancer.

- Patients must have at least one measurable lesion.

- Patients’serum level of CEA must be higher than 5 times of the normal value

- Patients’disease must have failed chemotherapy with 5FU, CPT-11 or oxaliplatin.

- Patients who are unsuitable or refuse chemotherapy will be considered eligible for
this trial.

- Patients’age must be 20 or greater.

- Patients’estimated life expectancy is more than 3 months.

- Patients must have adequate bone marrow function, defined as WBC >= 3500/mm3,
neutrophil >= 1500/mm3, lymphocyte >= 1,000/mm3, and platelet >= 100,000/mm3.

- Patients must have adequate liver and renal function, defined as serum alanine
transaminase (ALT) and aspartate transaminase (AST) =< 5 times normal, bilirubin =<
1.5 times normal range, and creatinine =< 2 times upper normal limit.

- All patients should have documentation of negative result of penicillin test.

- Women or men of reproductive potential may not participate unless they have agreed to
use an effective contraceptive method.

- All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must
sign and give written informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who have central nervous system metastasis except for those whose CNS
disease has been treated with radiotherapy and/or surgery and has been stable for at
least two weeks

- Patients who have active acute or chronic infection (at the discretion of the

- Pregnant or breast-nursing women

- Patients who have active cardiac disease requiring therapy for failure, angina,
arrythmia, or infarction within the preceding 6 months (exception: any patient whose
cardiac failure is compensated on medications)

- Patients who have asthma

- Patients who have autoimmune disease such as inflammatory bowel disease, lupus
erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, scleroderma, and multiple sclerosis

- Patients who have serious concomitant systemic disorders incompatible with the study
(at the discretion of the investigator)

- Patients who have other prior or concurrent malignancy except for in-situ-carcinoma
of cervix or adequately treated basal cell carcinoma of skin.

- Patients who received chemotherapy, steroid or biologic treatment within 4 weeks
prior to enrollment

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

evaluate the clinical responses of vaccinated patients 6 weeks after the first injection

Principal Investigator

Jacqueline Whang-Peng, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan


Taiwan: Department of Health

Study ID:




Start Date:

July 2005

Completion Date:

July 2005

Related Keywords:

  • Colorectal Cancer
  • colorectal cancer
  • dendritic cell
  • CEA
  • IL-2
  • Colorectal Neoplasms