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A Phase I-II, Study of RAD001 in Combination With Imatinib (Glivec®/Gleevec™) in Patients With Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) in Chronic Phase Who Are Not In Complete Cytogenetic Response to Imatinib-Alone at Study Entry


Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
N/A
Not Enrolling
Both
Leukemia

Thank you

Trial Information

A Phase I-II, Study of RAD001 in Combination With Imatinib (Glivec®/Gleevec™) in Patients With Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia (CML) in Chronic Phase Who Are Not In Complete Cytogenetic Response to Imatinib-Alone at Study Entry


OBJECTIVES:

Primary

- Determine the safety, tolerability, and biological activity of everolimus when combined
with imatinib mesylate in patients with chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia that
is not in complete cytogenetic remission after prior imatinib mesylate. (Phase I)

- Determine, preliminarily, the clinical efficacy of this regimen, in terms of 3-month
improvement by at least one cytogenetic category and the duration of cytogenetic
improvements, in these patients. (Phase II)

Secondary

- Determine the 6-month rate of cytogenetic improvements in patients treated with this
regimen.

- Determine the rate of confirmed cytogenetic improvements in patients treated with this
regimen.

- Determine the rate and duration of major cytogenetic response in patients treated with
this regimen.

- Determine the rate and kinetics of molecular response in patients treated with this
regimen.

- Correlate genetic variation in drug metabolism genes, leukemia genes, and drug target
genes with response in patients treated with this regimen.

- Determine the pharmacokinetics of this regimen in these patients.

- Determine whether the mTOR pathway activity, as determined by molecular pathologic
examination before and during treatment with this regimen, is predictive of response in
these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a phase I, non-randomized, open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation study
of everolimus followed by a phase II study. Patients are stratified according to baseline
cytogenetic status (Philadelphia chromosome-positive cells in bone marrow) (>0% and ≤ 95% vs
> 95%).

- Phase I: Patients receive oral everolimus once daily (or once weekly) and oral imatinib
mesylate once daily beginning on day 1. Treatment continues in the absence of disease
progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Cohorts of 4-6 patients receive escalating doses of everolimus until the maximum tolerated
dose (MTD) is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6
patients experience dose-limiting toxicity.

- Phase II: Patients receive everolimus and imatinib mesylate as in phase I at the MTD.

Patients are followed every 6 months.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 4-98 patients (4-34 for phase I and up to 64 for phase II [34
patients with > 0% and ≤ 95% Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive cells and 30 patients
with > 95% Ph-positive cells]) will be accrued for this study.

Inclusion Criteria


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Histologically confirmed chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML)

- In chronic phase

- Philadelphia chromosome (Ph)-positive

- No accelerated or blastic phase

- Accelerated phase CML is defined as ≥ 15% but < 30% blasts in peripheral
blood or bone marrow OR ≥ 30% blasts and promyelocytes in peripheral blood
or bone marrow provided that < 30% blasts were present OR ≥ 20% peripheral
basophils OR platelet count < 100,000/mm^3, unrelated to therapy

- No less than 20 metaphases in the bone marrow sample

- No evidence of complete cytogenetic response to imatinib mesylate (complete
cytogenetic response defined as 0% Ph-positive cells in bone marrow)

- Receiving continuous imatinib mesylate therapy for ≥ the past 9 months

- Dosage ≥ 600 mg/day for ≥ the past 3 months

- Stable dose of 600 mg/day for ≥ the past 4 weeks

- Achieved and maintained hematological response to imatinib mesylate as defined by all
of the following:

- WBC < 20,000/mm^3

- Basophils < 20%

- Less than 5% myelocytes and metamyelocytes in peripheral blood

- No blasts or promyelocytes in peripheral blood

- No evidence of disease-related symptoms or extramedullary disease, including
enlarged spleen or liver

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

- 18 and over

Performance status

- WHO 0-2

Life expectancy

- Not specified

Hematopoietic

- See Disease Characteristics

- Absolute neutrophil count ≥ 1,500/mm^3

- Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm^3

- Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL

Hepatic

- AST and ALT < 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Bilirubin < 1.5 times ULN (except for patients with Gilbert's disease)

- PTT < 1.5 times ULN (except for patients on oral anticoagulation therapy)

- INR < 1.5 times ULN (except for patients on oral anticoagulation therapy)

Renal

- Creatinine < 1.5 times ULN

Cardiovascular

- No angina

- No New York Heart Association class III or IV cardiac disease

Other

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective barrier contraception during and for 3 months
after study participation

- HIV negative

- No history of non-compliance with medical regimens

- No hypercholesterolemia or hypertriglyceridemia (fasting state) ≥ grade 2 (despite
lipid-lowering therapy)

- No diabetes mellitus

- No thyroid dysfunction

- No neuropsychiatric disorders

- No infection

- No other severe and/or uncontrolled medical condition that would preclude study
participation

- No other malignancy within the past 5 years except adequately treated basal cell or
squamous cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

- No prior allogeneic, syngeneic, or autologous bone marrow transplantation or stem
cell transplantation for CML

- No concurrent prophylactic hematopoietic growth factors (e.g., filgrastim [G-CSF],
sargramostim [GM-CSF], or epoetin alfa)

Chemotherapy

- No prior chemotherapy regimens used in transplantation

Endocrine therapy

- Not specified

Radiotherapy

- Not specified

Surgery

- Recovered from prior major surgery

Other

- No prior sirolimus in combination with imatinib mesylate

- At least 4 weeks since prior investigational agents used in combination with imatinib
mesylate and recovered

- No other concurrent investigational therapies

- No other concurrent anticancer agents

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Tolerability and biological activity of everolimus and imatinib mesylate every 6 months after completion of study treatment

Safety Issue:

Yes

Principal Investigator

Meir Wetzler, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Roswell Park Cancer Institute

Authority:

United States: Federal Government

Study ID:

NOVARTIS-CRAD001C2207

NCT ID:

NCT00093639

Start Date:

August 2004

Completion Date:

August 2006

Related Keywords:

  • Leukemia
  • chronic phase chronic myelogenous leukemia
  • chronic myelogenous leukemia, BCR-ABL1 positive
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Myeloid
  • Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Chronic-Phase

Name

Location

Roswell Park Cancer InstituteBuffalo, New York  14263