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A Phase 2 Study of Depsipeptide in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory AML


Phase 2
18 Years
N/A
Not Enrolling
Both
Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities, Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q), Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22), Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12), Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22), Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22), Adult Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (M3), Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

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Trial Information

A Phase 2 Study of Depsipeptide in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory AML


PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. Determine the complete and partial response rate in patients with relapsed or refractory
acute myeloid leukemia treated with FR901228 (depsipeptide).

II. Determine the toxicity of this drug in these patients. III. Correlate clinical response
with specific cytogenetic abnormalities in patients treated with this drug.

OUTLINE: Patients are stratified according to the presence of a specific chromosomal
abnormality (t[8;21] vs inv 16 vs t[15;17] vs absence of these chromosomal abnormalities).

Patients receive romidepsin IV over 4 hours on days 1, 8, and 15.

Courses repeat every 21 days in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.


Inclusion Criteria:



- Histologically confirmed acute myeloid leukemia (AML) defined by the WHO
classification

- Initial diagnosis with either of the following:

- Bone marrow or peripheral blood myeloblasts of at least 20%,

- Recurring genetic abnormalities (e.g., t[8;21], inv 16, or t[16;16]) and

- Bone marrow blast percentage less than 20%

- Relapsed or refractory disease defined by 1 of the following:

- Under 60 years of age and in second relapse or greater,

- Over 60 years of age and in first relapse,

- Acute promyelocytic leukemia that has relapsed despite prior tretinoin and
arsenic therapy,

- Primary refractory AML for which no standard therapy exists

- Patients who are over 60 years of age with previously untreated disease and who
refuse conventional chemotherapy are eligible

- Patients who are over 60 years of age and in first relapse and poor medical
candidates for reinduction chemotherapy or who refuse conventional chemotherapy are
eligible

- Not medically appropriate for OR refused curative bone marrow or stem cell
transplantation

- No CNS leukemia

- ECOG 0-2 OR Karnofsky 60-100%

- LVEF at least 40% by MUGA

- QTc interval less than 500 msec by EKG

- No myocardial infarction within the past 3 months

- No symptomatic congestive heart failure

- No unstable angina pectoris

- No cardiac arrhythmia

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- Fertile patients must use effective contraception

- No prior allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biological
composition to FR901228 (depsipeptide)

- No concurrent uncontrolled illness

- No psychiatric illness or social situation that would preclude study compliance

- No ongoing or active infection

- At least 4 weeks since prior autologous stem cell or bone marrow transplantation

- No prior allogeneic stem cell or bone marrow transplantation

- No concurrent biologic agents

- At least 2 weeks since prior chemotherapy (6 weeks for mitomycin and nitrosoureas)

- No concurrent chemotherapy, concurrent hydroxyurea allowed during the first course of
study therapy to control hyperleukocytosis

- No concurrent radiotherapy

- Recovered from prior therapy

- At least 4 weeks since prior investigational agents

- No concurrent combination antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive patients

- No other concurrent investigational agents

- No concurrent drugs known to have histone deacetylase inhibitor activity (e.g.,
sodium valproate)

- No other concurrent antineoplastic agents

- No prior FR901228 (depsipeptide)

- At least 2 weeks since prior radiotherapy

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Response rate (complete and partial)

Outcome Time Frame:

Up to 7 years

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

Olatoyosi Odenike

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer Center

Authority:

United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

NCI-2009-00034

NCT ID:

NCT00062075

Start Date:

May 2003

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With 11q23 (MLL) Abnormalities
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Del(5q)
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With Inv(16)(p13;q22)
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(15;17)(q22;q12)
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(16;16)(p13;q22)
  • Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia With t(8;21)(q22;q22)
  • Adult Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia (M3)
  • Recurrent Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Congenital Abnormalities
  • Leukemia
  • Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
  • Leukemia, Myeloid
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute

Name

Location

Vanderbilt UniversityNashville, Tennessee  37232-6305
University of Chicago Comprehensive Cancer CenterChicago, Illinois  60637-1470