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Phase II Study: Hyperfractionated Pre-Op Chemo-Radiation for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer


Phase 2
18 Years
N/A
Not Enrolling
Both
Colorectal Cancer

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Trial Information

Phase II Study: Hyperfractionated Pre-Op Chemo-Radiation for Locally Advanced Rectal Cancer


OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the local recurrence rate, disease-free survival, and overall
survival of patients with stage II or III rectal cancer treated with neoadjuvant
radiotherapy and fluorouracil followed by surgical resection and adjuvant fluorouracil and
leucovorin calcium. II. Determine the toxicity rate in patients treated with this regimen.
III. Correlate failure-free survival with ultrasound-determined preoperative staging in
patients treated with this regimen. IV. Determine the quality of life of patients treated
with this regimen. V. Determine if toxicity due to treatment, daily stool frequency, sexual
dysfunction, and disease-free survival correlates with quality of life parameters in
patients treated with this regimen. VI. Correlate clinical selection criteria with ability
to perform sphincter-sparing surgery in patients treated with this regimen. VII. Determine
post-chemoradiotherapy pathological response, margin status, and lymph node status and
correlate these factors with initial clinico-pathologic findings in patients treated with
this regimen.

OUTLINE: Patients undergo pelvic radiotherapy once daily five days a week for 5 weeks
followed by boost radiotherapy twice daily for 7 days. Patients also receive neoadjuvant
fluorouracil IV continuously over days 1-4 and 36-40. Patients undergo surgical resection
4-6 weeks after completion of radiotherapy. At 4 weeks after surgery, patients receive
adjuvant leucovorin calcium IV and fluorouracil IV once daily five days a week. Treatment
continues every 4 weeks for 4 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable
toxicity. Quality of life is assessed at baseline, at the completion of pelvic and boost
radiotherapy, at 4 weeks after completion of chemoradiotherapy (prior to surgery), and then
at 3, 6, and 12 months after completion of study therapy. Patients are followed every 3
months for 2 years, every 4 months for 3 years, and then annually thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 23-41 patients will be accrued for this study.

Inclusion Criteria


DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the rectum

- Tumor extending through bowel wall (T3) OR

- Fixation to surrounding structures (T4) OR

- Nodal involvement by endorectal ultrasound (N1-2)

- Tumor extending through bowel wall, but not fixed (T3) must be:

- At least 4 cm or at least 40% of bowel circumference OR

- Accompanied by nodal involvement

- Evidence of transmural penetration confirmed by 2 of the following:

- CT scan

- Pelvic MRI

- Transrectal ultrasound

- Physical exam

- Proximal extent of tumor must not extend higher than 12 cm above dentate line and
must be below pelvic peritoneal reflexion or sacral promontory

- Regional lymph node involvement allowed

- No distant metastases by CT scan of abdomen and pelvis or chest x-ray

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

- Age: Over 18

- Performance status: ECOG 0-1

- Life expectancy: At least 2 years

- Hematopoietic:

- Leukocyte count greater than 4,000/mm3

- Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3

- Hemoglobin greater than 10 g/dL

- Hepatic:

- SGOT and SGPT less than 1.5 times normal

- Bilirubin less than 1.5 mg/dL

- Renal: Creatinine less than 1.8 mg/dL

- Other:

- Not pregnant or nursing

- Negative pregnancy test

- No other prior or concurrent malignancy within the past 5 years except inactive
non-melanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix

- No psychiatric condition that would preclude informed consent

- No other serious medical illness that would limit survival

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

- Biologic therapy: Not specified

- Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy for rectal cancer

- Endocrine therapy: Not specified

- Radiotherapy: No prior radiotherapy for rectal cancer

- Surgery: No prior surgery for rectal cancer, except diagnostic biopsy

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Primary Purpose: Treatment

Principal Investigator

Joshua Meyer, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Fox Chase Cancer Center

Authority:

United States: Federal Government

Study ID:

CDR0000068776

NCT ID:

NCT00021398

Start Date:

July 1996

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Colorectal Cancer
  • stage II rectal cancer
  • stage III rectal cancer
  • adenocarcinoma of the rectum
  • Rectal Neoplasms
  • Colorectal Neoplasms

Name

Location

Fox Chase Cancer CenterPhiladelphia, Pennsylvania  19111
Community Medical CenterToms River, New Jersey  08755
St. Francis Medical CenterTrenton, New Jersey  08629
Delaware County Memorial HospitalDrexel Hill, Pennsylvania  19026
Reading Hospital and Medical CenterReading, Pennsylvania  19612-6052
Fox Chase Cancer Center at Virtua Memorial Hospital Burlington CountyMount Holly, New Jersey  08060
Hunterdon Regional Cancer CenterFlemington, New Jersey  08822
Riverview Medical CenterRed Bank, New Jersey  07701
Kimball Medical CenterLakewood, New Jersey  08701
Saint Mary Regional CenterLanghorne, Pennsylvania  19047
North Penn HospitalLansdale, Pennsylvania  19446-1200
Paoli Memorial HospitalPaoli, Pennsylvania  19301-1792
Pinnacle Health HospitalsHarrisburg, Pennsylvania  17105-8700
Conemaugh Memorial HospitalJohnstown, Pennsylvania  15905
Pottstown Memorial Regional Cancer CenterPottstown, Pennsylvania  19464
Bon Secours-Holy Family Health SystemAltoona, Pennsylvania  16602
Southern Chester County Medical CenterWest Grove, Pennsylvania  19390