Penile cancer is a malignant mass found on the skin or in the tissues of the penis most commonly found in men over sixty.
This is a rare form of cancer, found in one in 100,000 men in North America. Penile cancer accounts for only 0.2% of diagnosed cases and 0.1% of cancer-related deaths in the United States.
Stages of Penile Cancer
Penile cancer can metastasize, or spread, to other areas of the body. In most cases, it is considered a primary malignancy, or the original location of the cancer. It is rarely considered a secondary malignancy, when the disease spreads to the penis from other areas of the body.
Stage I: Cancer is only found in the penis or foreskin.
Stage II: The mass has spread to the shaft of the penis.
Stage III: Cancer has metastasized to the lymph nodes in the groin. At this stage the mass is still operable and able to be removed.
Stage IV: The mass has metastasizedto the lymph nodes and is inoperable.
Even after undergoing treatment, recurrence is a concern for patients who have been diagnosed with penile cancer. Vigilant follow-up examinations can help to prevent a recurrence.
A patient’s prognosis depends on the stage of the cancer when it was diagnosed, the location and size of the malignancy, and if the cancer was recently diagnosed or is a recurrence.