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Motivational Interviewing for Colonoscopy: A Feasibility and Pilot Study


N/A
50 Years
75 Years
Not Enrolling
Both
Colorectal Cancer, Prevention

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Trial Information

Motivational Interviewing for Colonoscopy: A Feasibility and Pilot Study


Compared to other racial groups, African Americans have the highest colorectal cancer (CRC)
morbidity and mortality rates. Screening colonoscopy can aid in the early detection and
prevention of CRC. A motivational interviewing (MI) intervention holds strong promise to
increase African Americans' screening colonoscopy adherence and, by doing so, decrease CRC
disparities. There is a great need to conduct a randomized clinical trial (RCT) that tests
the efficacy of an MI intervention to increase screening colonoscopy adherence in African
Americans. The first critical and necessary step in this line of research is to pilot test
such an RCT.

Objective/hypotheses: The primary objective of the proposed study is to conduct pilot
testing for a future RCT which will formally test the effects of MI on screening colonoscopy
adherence in African Americans. The results from this pilot study will directly inform the
development of a future RCT.

Specific aims: 1) To estimate the magnitude of the MI intervention effect size; and 2) To
estimate the magnitude of the mediation effect sizes (drawn from Self Determination Theory).


Inclusion Criteria:



- self-identified as African American

- aged 50 years or older

- attended a non-acute visit with a primary care physician

- received a primary care physician referral for a screening colonoscopy

- deemed eligible for an open access screening colonoscopy

- agreed to have a screening colonoscopy conducted at Mount Sinai

- English speaking

Exclusion Criteria:

- Personal history of CRC or chronic GI disorder

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label

Outcome Measure:

Screening colonoscopy completion

Outcome Description:

Medical chart review will be conducted 6 months after the primary care appointment in which the participants received a referral for a screening colonoscopy

Outcome Time Frame:

6 months

Safety Issue:

No

Principal Investigator

Sarah J Miller, PsyD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

Authority:

United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

GCO 11-1377

NCT ID:

NCT01877096

Start Date:

June 2013

Completion Date:

February 2015

Related Keywords:

  • Colorectal Cancer
  • Prevention
  • Motivational Interviewing
  • Screening Colonoscopy
  • Cancer Prevention
  • Colorectal Neoplasms

Name

Location

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai New York, New York  10029