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Image-Guided Adaptive Radiotherapy for Head And Neck Cancer: Patient Image Acquisition

21 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Head and Neck Cancer

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Trial Information

Image-Guided Adaptive Radiotherapy for Head And Neck Cancer: Patient Image Acquisition

I. To conduct a clinical imaging study utilizing three novel in-room imaging systems:
Oblique Brainlab ExacTrac images, Orthogonal Varian kilovoltage (kV) On-board Imaging (OBI)
image, and Varian cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging to assess their performance
in reducing inter- and intrafractional setup errors, relative to weekly megavoltage (MV)
electronic portal imaging device (EPID) images, using both bony landmarks and soft tissue
changes for head and neck cancer (HNC) patients undergoing external beam radiation therapy

II. To assess the accuracy of CBCT imaging for measuring systematic soft tissue changes in
the head and neck (HN) area relative to conventional high resolution contrast enhanced
fan-beam computed tomography (CT) (FBCT) as a standard.

III. To assess the systematic and random soft tissue motion errors using daily CBCT imaging
relative to bony-landmark alignment to evaluate the benefit of soft tissue imaging during

IV. To quantify soft tissue changes during an entire course of radiotherapy (e.g. tumor
shrinkage) using daily CBCT imaging.

V. To determine the feasibility of using measured set up and soft-tissue motion
uncertainties in conjunction with volume changes observed on serial CBCT images, for offline
adaptive replanning of HNC patients using available planning tools.

VI. To quantify the benefits of adaptive image-guided radiotherapy (IGRT) in HN patients in
terms of target coverage and normal tissue avoidance.

VII. To determine the feasibility of mounting a phase I/II trial to assess the clinical
benefits of image-guided adaptive radiotherapy (IGART) in terms of acute and late toxicities
and tumor control.

VIII. To build a HNC patient database for future validation of IGART processes using
deformable image registration and Virtual Clinical Trials (VCTs).


Patients undergo FBCT once before treatment and once weekly for a total of 6-7 scans, dual
CBCT up to 5 times weekly for a total of 33-35 scans, 2-dimensional (2-D) x-ray with Varian
kV OBI 5 times weekly for a total of 33-35 scans, 2-D x-ray with Brain Lab ExacTrac 5 times
weekly for a total of 33-35 scans, 2-D x-ray with Varian MV OBI once weekly for a total of
6-7 scans, and EPID imaging up to 5 times weekly for a total of 33-35 scans while undergoing

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologic or cytologic confirmation of head and neck malignancy

- Patients who will be treated with definitive radiation therapy or concurrent
chemoradiation therapy

- Gross tumor volume (GTV) must be visible on CT

- All patients must be informed of the investigational nature of this study and must
give written informed consent in accordance with institutional and federal guidelines

Exclusion Criteria:

- Pregnant or nursing women may not participate; women of reproductive potential must
be offered a pre-treatment pregnancy test and informed of the need to practice an
effective contraceptive method

- Prior treatment with radiation therapy to the head and neck

- Serum creatinine > 1.5 and/or

- Blood urea nitrogen [BUN] > 25

- Treatment with any prior chemotherapy or surgery (excluding diagnostic biopsy) for
this malignancy

- Patients with known syndromes expected to alter radiosensitivity (e.g.
ataxia-telangiectasia, scleroderma, lupus, human immunodeficiency virus
[HIV]/acquired immunodeficiency deficiency syndrome [AIDS]) may not participate

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic

Outcome Measure:

Differences of calculated set up and tissue-motion errors of 2 mm between the different imaging technologies

Outcome Description:

A paired t-test with a 0.050 two-sided significance level will be used.

Outcome Time Frame:

up to 7 weeks

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Joshua Evans, PhD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Virginia Commonwealth University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

January 2009

Completion Date:

May 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Head and Neck Cancer
  • Lip, Oral Cavity and Pharynx
  • Larynx
  • Head and Neck Neoplasms



Virginia Commonwealth University, Massey Cancer Center Richmond, Virginia  23298