Know Cancer

forgot password

A Phase 1/2 Trial of Carfilzomib and Melphalan and Conditioning for Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma (CARAMEL)

Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Refractory Multiple Myeloma, Stage I Multiple Myeloma, Stage II Multiple Myeloma, Stage III Multiple Myeloma

Thank you

Trial Information

A Phase 1/2 Trial of Carfilzomib and Melphalan and Conditioning for Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation for Multiple Myeloma (CARAMEL)


I. To determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of carfilzomib that can be added to high
dose melphalan as part of conditioning chemotherapy for myeloma. (Phase I) II. To determine
the efficacy of the combination in patients with myeloma undergoing stem cell
transplantation, as defined by achievement of complete response (CR). (Phase II)


I. To examine the toxicities associated with addition of carfilzomib to high dose melphalan
in patients with multiple myeloma (MM).

II. To determine the progression free rate at 1 and 2 years post registration.


I. To determine the proportion of patients achieving a minimal residual disease (MRD)
negative status.

II. To assess the HevyLite assay prior to and during treatment.


CONDITIONING: Patients receive carfilzomib intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -6,
-5, -2, and -1. Patients also receive melphalan IV over 1 hour on days -4 and -3.

TRANSPLANT: Patients undergo autologous stem cell transplant on day 0.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up at day 30, day 100, and then
every 90 days for up to 5 years.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Serum creatinine =< 2 mg/dL

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1000/μL

- Platelet count >= 50,000/μL

- Hemoglobin >= 8.0 g/dL

- Diagnosis of symptomatic MM

- Measurable disease of multiple myeloma at the time of baseline values for disease
assessment as defined by at least one of the following:

- Serum monoclonal protein >= 1.0 g/dL

- >= 200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24 hour electrophoresis

- Serum immunoglobulin free light chain >=10 mg/dL AND abnormal serum
immunoglobulin kappa to lambda free light chain ratio

- Bone marrow plasma cells >= 30%

- NOTE: For patients with no relapse prior to transplant, measurable disease at
the time of diagnosis

- NOTE: For patients who have had a disease relapse prior to transplant,
measurable disease at the time of the most recent relapse immediately prior to
transplant; NOTE: If the patient had treatment for the relapsed disease prior to
transplant, the patient must have measurable disease at the time of relapse
prior to this therapy

- Patient is considered for autologous stem cell transplantation with full dose
melphalan (200 mg/m2)

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status (PS) 0, 1 or 2

- Recovered from toxicity of previous chemotherapy (excludes grade 1 neurotoxicity and
hematological toxicity)

- Provide informed written consent

- Ejection fraction >= 45%

- Corrected pulmonary diffusion capacity of greater than or equal to 50%

- Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) >= 50%

- Forced vital capacity (FVC) >= 50%

- Negative pregnancy test performed =< 7 days prior to registration, for women of
childbearing potential only

- Willing to return to Mayo Clinic Rochester, Mayo Clinic Arizona, or Mayo Clinic
Florida for treatment and follow-up

- Note: During the Active Monitoring Phase of a study (i.e., active treatment and
observation), participants must be willing to return to the consenting
institution for follow-up

- Willing to provide blood and bone marrow samples for correlative research purposes

Exclusion Criteria:

- Prior autologous or allogeneic bone marrow/peripheral blood stem cell transplant

- More than two prior regimens for therapy of MM

- Myocardial infarction within 6 months prior to enrollment, or has New York Heart
Association (NYHA) class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe
uncontrolled ventricular arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute
ischemia or active conduction system abnormalities; NOTE: Prior to study entry, any
ECG abnormality at screening has to be documented by the investigator as not
medically relevant

- Seroreactivity for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human T-lymphotropic virus
(HTLV) I or II, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV)

- Other active malignancy < 2 years prior to registration; EXCEPTIONS: Non-melanotic
skin cancer or carcinoma-in-situ of the cervix; NOTE: If there is a history or prior
malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment for their cancer

- Any of the following:

- Pregnant women or women of reproductive capability who are unwilling to use
effective contraception

- Nursing women

- Men who are unwilling to use a condom (even if they have undergone a prior
vasectomy) while having intercourse with any woman, while taking the drug and
for 28 days after stopping treatment

- Other co-morbidity, which would interfere with patient's ability to participate in
the trial, e.g. uncontrolled infection, uncompensated lung disease

- Concurrent chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or any ancillary therapy considered
investigational; NOTE: Bisphosphonates are considered to be supportive care rather
than therapy, and are thus allowed while on protocol treatment

- Known allergies to any of the components of the investigational treatment regimen or
required ancillary treatments

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Maximum tolerated dose (MTD), defined as the dose level below the lowest dose that induces dose-limiting toxicity in at least one-third of patients (Phase I)

Outcome Time Frame:

Up to day 30

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Suzanne Hayman

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Mayo Clinic


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

June 2013

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Refractory Multiple Myeloma
  • Stage I Multiple Myeloma
  • Stage II Multiple Myeloma
  • Stage III Multiple Myeloma
  • Multiple Myeloma
  • Neoplasms, Plasma Cell



Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota  55905
Mayo Clinic - Florida Jacksonville, Florida  32224