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Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Water vs. Air Method for Performing Colonoscopy in Adult Female Subjects

18 Years
80 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Screening for Colon Cancer

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Trial Information

Randomized Controlled Trial Comparing Water vs. Air Method for Performing Colonoscopy in Adult Female Subjects

Study Aim Our aim is to perform a randomized controlled trial comparing air insufflation
colonoscopy (conventional method ) vs. water infusion colonoscopy ( study method ) in non
veteran female subjects presenting for colonoscopy . Subjects will be randomized 1:1 like
the flip of coin.

Study Design This is a prospective, single center, investigator initiated, randomized
controlled trial (RCT) to compare the study method (water infusion colonoscopy) with
conventional method (air insufflation colonoscopy "pump air to dilate the colon to visualize
the colon mucosa) in female patients by experienced colonoscopist. Patients will be
classified ASA 1 (No organic, physiologic, biomedical or psychiatric disturbance) and ASA 2
(Mild to moderate systemic diseases which are well controlled including hypertension,
diabetes mellitus, asthma, age 70 and over) before colonoscopy procedure.

Research Methods and Procedures The air (conventional) method: Air is pumped gently
(insufflation) into the colon will be used to open the inside space of the colon and aid in
colonoscope insertion The water (study) method: Warm water (body temperature) will be pumped
into the colon in place of air to open the inside of space of the colon and aid in
colonoscope insertion After insertion, both methods may use any of the following procedures
to advance the colonoscope in to the colon: colonoscope shortening maneuver, abdominal
compression, by the assistant, and change of patient position. In both methods air
insufflation will be used to distend the colon for inspection, biopsy and polypectomy.
Washing of the stool covered mucosa and inspection behind the folds will be performed
systematically. After turn around in the rectum, residual air and water will be removed by

Data gathering instruments used in the VA studies will be employed (subject interview
questions are attached). Statistical analyses similar to those used in the previous VA
studies (Student's t tests, Fischer's exact test, Mann-Whitney U test, etc) will be used to
analyze the data.

Biopsy and polypectomy will be performed as usual and all tissues will be submitted for
routine histological assessment and the pathology will be recorded.

Inclusion Criteria:

-All female patients between the ages of 18 to 80 years scheduled for colonoscopy at UC
Davis GI Lab.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Patients who refuse to be randomized to the air or water colonoscopy method.

- Patients who are unable to respond to study questionnaires.

- Patients with partial colon resection

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Cecal intubation

Outcome Description:

Examination of the cecum by endoscopy

Outcome Time Frame:

Three years

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Surinder Mann, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:



United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:

UCD IRB # 319719



Start Date:

August 2011

Completion Date:

August 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Screening for Colon Cancer
  • Colonic Neoplasms



University of California, Davis Sacramento, California  95818