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Communicating Objective Risk for Personalized Decision Making About Mammography

35 Years
49 Years
Open (Enrolling by invite only)
Breast Cancer

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Trial Information

Communicating Objective Risk for Personalized Decision Making About Mammography

This study will compare alternative strategies for the presentation of individualized
information about the risks and benefits of mammography screening. The purpose of this
study is to understand how objective risk information influences outcomes including
behavioral intentions, attitudes about mammography, and emotional responses.

After participants view objective risk information, a post-test survey will measure outcome
variables including behavioral intentions, knowledge, and emotional responses.

After reading information based on their condition, study participants will be asked to
complete a series of questions to measure their reactions based on their condition.
Specifically, the investigators will be measuring the following dependent variables (primary
outcomes): behavioral intentions to receive mammograms, attitudes about mammography,
subjective norms about mammography and breast cancer screening, knowledge about mammography
outcomes and screening recommendations, and emotional responses to the material including
psychological reactance. These outcomes will be measured using self-reported questionnaire

In this project, the investigators will compare alternative communication strategies to
determine which strategy or strategies result in the greatest level of understanding. The
investigators also will examine if the various strategies differentially affect the primary
outcomes listed above.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Adult women between the ages of 35 and 49 will be invited to participate in this

Exclusion Criteria:

- Women who have been previously diagnosed with breast cancer or have tested positive
for the breast cancer gene will not be included.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject)

Outcome Measure:

Behavioral intentions to get a mammogram

Outcome Description:

All participants will be asked to report their behavioral intentions to obtain mammograms in their 40s and at age 50.

Outcome Time Frame:

immediately following intervention (time 0)

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Joseph N Cappella, PhD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University of Pennsylvania


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

September 2012

Completion Date:

November 2012

Related Keywords:

  • Breast Cancer
  • Breast Neoplasms



University of Pennsylvania Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  19104