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A Phase I/II Study of ISIS 183750 in Combination With Irinotecan in Irinotecan-refractory Colorectal Cancer


Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
N/A
Open (Enrolling)
Both
Colorectal Neoplasms, Colorectal Carcinoma, Colorectal Tumors

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Trial Information

A Phase I/II Study of ISIS 183750 in Combination With Irinotecan in Irinotecan-refractory Colorectal Cancer


Background:

The eukaryotic translation initiation factor - eIF4E - is a potent oncogene that is found to
be dysregulated in approximately 30% of human cancers. Upregulation of eIF4E is an early
event in colorectal cancer (CRC) and correlates with CRC progression. ISIS 183750 is a
second-generation antisense oligonucleotide (ASO) designed to inhibit the production of the
human eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E (eIF4E) protein.

Objectives:

Primary:

To establish Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) and establish safety for the combination of ISIS
183750 and irinotecan in advanced solid tumors.

To assess the change of eIF4e mRNA and protein (IHC) in pre- and post-dose tumor biopsies.

Secondary:

- To evaluate Response Rate, PFS, OS for the combination of ISIS 183750 and irinotecan in
advanced irinotecan-refractory colorectal cancer.

- To perform correlative studies to evaluate the effect of eIF4E inhibition on relevant
regulated proteins and immune cells.

- To characterize the plasma pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters for ISIS 183750 in the
absence and presence of irinotecan

- To characterize the plasma PK parameters for irinotecan in the presence of ISIS 183750

Eligibility:

- Adult patients with irinotecan-resistant colorectal cancer.

- Phase II participants must have disease that is amenable to biopsy and be willing to
undergo tumor biopsy.

Design:

- This is a single-arm phase I/II study whereby all patients will receive the combination
of ISIS 183750 and irinotecan. All cycles are 28 days.

- Cycle 1 only: ISIS 183750 will be administered intravenously on Cycle 1 Days 1, 3, 5,
8, 15 and 22.

- Cycle 2 and beyond: ISIS 183750 will be administered as an intravenous infusion every
week without break, i.e. Days 1, 8, 15 and 22 of a 28-day cycle. Patients will be
re-staged every 8 weeks.

- Irinotecan will be administered at a dose of 180mg/m2 as an intravenous infusion every
second week commencing on Day 15 of Cycle 1. The primary endpoint of the study will be
to establish MTD for the combination of ISIS 183750 and irinotecan in advanced solid
cancer. Irinotecan-refractory will be defined as patients who have radiological
evidence of disease progression whilst receiving irinotecan or within 3 months after
completing it.

- Correlative studies will comprise: Mandatory pre- and post- dose biopsies for eIF4e
mRNA and protein (IHC) analysis will be performed in the phase II portion of the study;
Immune subsets; PET responses (only in expansion cohort); Pharmacokinetic data
regarding the interaction of irinotecan and ISIS183750 in 10-12 patients.

Inclusion Criteria


- INCLUSION CRITERIA:

- Phase I: Patients must have histopathological confirmation of carcinoma by the
Laboratory of Pathology of the NCI prior to entering this study.

- Phase II: Patients must have histopathological confirmation of Colorectal Carcinoma
(CRC) by the Laboratory of Pathology of the NCI prior to entering this study. For
this portion of the study patients must also have irinotecan-refractory colorectal
cancer and have also received prior treatment for advanced/metastatic disease with an
oxaliplatin-, bevacizumab-, or EGFR inhibitor-containing (only for subjects with wild
type Kras) regimen. Irinotecan-refractory will be defined as patients who have
radiological evidence of disease progression whilst receiving irinotecan or within 3
months after completing it.

- Patients must have disease that is not amenable to potentially curative resection or
ablative techniques and have received at least one prior standard chemotherapeutic
regimen for metastatic disease.

- All patients enrolled will be required to have measurable disease. For the phase II
portion of the study patients must have disease that is amenable to biopsy and be
willing to undergo this.

- Age greater than18 years

- Life expectancy of greater than 3 months

- ECOG performance status 0-2

- Patients must have acceptable organ and marrow function as defined below:

- leukocytes > 3,000/mcL

- absolute neutrophil count > 1,500/mcL

- platelets > 100,000/mcL

- total bilirubin Within normal institutional limits

- Serum albumin greater than or equal to 2.5 g/dL

- Patients are eligible with ALT or AST measuring 3 x ULN if no liver metastasis
or up to5 x ULN with liver metastasis.

- creatinine < 1.5X institution upper limit of normal

- OR

- creatinine clearance > 45 mL/min/1.73 m2, as calculated below, for patients with
creatinine levels above institutional normal

- Estimated creatinine clearance (mL/min)

- Females - see calculations

- Males - see calculations - May use a 24 hr. urine collection to determine
creatinine clearance.

- Measured creatinine clearance (mL/min)

- Patients must have recovered from any acute toxicity related to prior therapy,
including surgery. Toxicity should be < grade 1 or returned to baseline.

- Patients must not have other invasive malignancies within the past 3 years (with the
exception of non-melanoma skin cancers, carcinoma in situ of the cervix and
noninvasive bladder cancer that has had successful curative treatment).

- The effects of ISIS 183750 on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason
women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception
(hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry, for
the duration of study participation, and for 3 months after dosing with study
medication ceases. However, adequate contraception for male patients should be used
for 16 weeks post- last dose due to sperm life cycle. Should a woman become pregnant
or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study,
she should inform her treating physician immediately. Women of child-bearing
potential must have a negative pregnancy test prior to entry.

- Patient must be able to understand and willing to sign a written informed consent
document.

- Men and women of all races and ethnic groups are eligible for this trial.

- Ejection fraction > 55% on echocardiogram.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

- Patients who have had chemotherapy (or so-called targeted' systemic therapy), large
field radiotherapy, or major surgery must wait 4 weeks after completing treatment
prior to entering the study.

- Patients may not be receiving any antineoplastics or other drugs intended to treat
cancer within 4 weeks prior to starting ISIS 183750.

- Patients with known brain metastases will be excluded from this clinical trial
because of their poor prognosis and because they often develop progressive neurologic
dysfunction that would confound the evaluation of neurologic and other adverse
events. Patients with clinically significant ascites, pleural effusion, and/or
peripheral edema, unless the ascites or pleural effusion occurred as a result of
malignancy.

- Patients with known hypersensitivity to irinotecan.

- Patients with known homozygous mutations in the UTG1A1 allele, or with unknown UTG1A1
status but who could not tolerate irinotecan even after dose reduction.

- Patients with bleeding diathesis and subjects who are receiving anticoagulation
treatment with INR > 2.5 are excluded.

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, hypertension
(systolic BP > 160, diastolic BP > 100), ongoing or active systemic infection,
symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia or
psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study
requirements.

- HIV-positive patients receiving anti-retroviral therapy are excluded from this study
due to the possibility of pharmacokinetic interactions between antiretroviral
medications and the investigational agent.

- Known hepatitis B or hepatitis C infection.

- Pregnancy and breast feeding are exclusion factors. Enrolled patients must agree to
use adequate contraception (hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence)
prior to study entry, the duration of study participation and 3 months after the end
of the treatment.

Type of Study:

Interventional

Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Maximum tolerated dose

Principal Investigator

Tim F Greten, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Authority:

United States: Federal Government

Study ID:

120187

NCT ID:

NCT01675128

Start Date:

August 2012

Completion Date:

July 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Colorectal Neoplasms
  • Colorectal Carcinoma
  • Colorectal Tumors
  • Human Eukaryotic Translation Initiation Factor 4E (eIF4E) protein
  • Refractory
  • Oncogene
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose
  • Safety
  • Neoplasms
  • Carcinoma
  • Colorectal Neoplasms

Name

Location

National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville PikeBethesda, Maryland  20892