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A Phase II Study of the Combination of Aflibercept (VEGF-Trap) Plus Modified FOLFOX 6 in Patients With Previously Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colon, Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum, Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Colon, Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum, Stage IV Colon Cancer, Stage IV Rectal Cancer

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Trial Information

A Phase II Study of the Combination of Aflibercept (VEGF-Trap) Plus Modified FOLFOX 6 in Patients With Previously Untreated Metastatic Colorectal Cancer


I. To evaluate the progression free survival (PFS) of patients with untreated metastatic
colorectal cancer (mCRC) receiving the combination of modified leucovorin calcium,
fluorouracil, oxaliplatin (FOLFOX6) (mFOLFOX6) and aflibercept.


I. To evaluate the objective response rate (complete response [CR] + partial response [PR])
and the disease control rate (CR + PR + stable disease [SD]), as determined by Response
Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) 1.1 criteria, of patients with untreated mCRC
receiving the combination of mFOLFOX6 and aflibercept.

II. To evaluate overall survival of patients with untreated mCRC receiving the combination
of mFOLFOX6 and aflibercept.

III. To further characterize the safety and toxicity of the combination of mFOLFOX6 and
aflibercept, including 60 day all-cause mortality.

IV. To describe patients with mCRC whose disease is rendered resectable as a consequence of
therapy with the combination of mFOLFOX 6 and aflibercept.


I. To assess the use of dynamic imaging modalities including dynamic contrast
enhanced-magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) and fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission
tomography (PET) to evaluate changes in vascular permeability and FDG avidity and correlate
with clinical efficacy (PFS, overall survival [OS], and response by RECIST 1.1).

II. To evaluate circulating levels of vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA),
phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class F (PlGF), soluble vascular
endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGF-R2), chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12)
and chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCR4) as potential biomarkers for efficacy of

III. To evaluate for the presence of VEGF single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and whether
any SNP(s), when detected, may be predictive of efficacy and/or toxicity of aflibercept.

IV. To assess microvessel density/tumor blood flow, capillary permeability and vessel
normalization by tumor biopsy pre and post treatment with aflibercept.

V. To evaluate the presence of hypertension as a predictive biomarker for clinical efficacy
of aflibercept.


Patients receive aflibercept intravenously (IV) over 1 hour followed by oxaliplatin IV over
2 hours, leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours, and fluorouracil IV over 5-15 minutes and then
continuously over 46 hours on days 1 and 15. Courses repeat every 28 days in the absence of
disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4 weeks.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of colorectal origin that is metastatic or
locally advanced and unresectable

- Measurable disease, as defined by RECIST 1.1 criteria: one lesion that can be
accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded) as >=
10 mm with spiral computed tomography (CT) scan (CT scan slice thickness no greater
than 5 mm) malignant lymph nodes will be considered measurable if they are >= 15 mm
in short axis

- Must not have received any prior systemic therapy for metastatic or locally advanced
CRC; prior VEGF inhibitors are not allowed

- Prior adjuvant therapy for CRC including fluoropyrimidines either alone or in
combination with oxaliplatin is allowed, provided that all therapy was completed >=
12 months from cancer recurrence, therapy duration was =< 6 months, and all prior
toxicities have completely resolved (residual grade 1 neuropathy is allowed)

- Life expectancy >= 12 weeks

- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0-1

- Hemoglobin >= 9 g/dL (blood transfusion permitted to attain this value)

- Absolute neutrophil count >= 1,500/uL

- Platelets >= 100,000/uL

- Total bilirubin =< 2 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN)

- Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) (serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase
[SGOT])/alanine aminotransferase (ALT) (serum glutamic pyruvate transaminase [SGPT])
=< 2.5 x institutional ULN (may be =< 5x ULN if increase is due to metastatic

- Creatinine =< 1.5 x institutional ULN or creatinine clearance >= 60 mL/min/1.73 m2
for patients with creatinine levels above institutional U

- Urine protein:creatinine ratio (UPCR) < 1 or < 500 mg protein/24 hr

- Ability to understand and the willingness to sign a written informed consent document

Exclusion Criteria:

- May not be receiving any other investigational agents

- Patients who have received any prior locoregional therapy for metastatic disease
(e.g. radiofrequency/microwave ablation, Yttrium-90 radioembolization, transarterial
chemoembolization, or surgical resection) are excluded

- Patients with known or suspected brain metastases, carcinomatous meningitis,
uncontrolled seizure disorder, active intracranial bleeding or active neurologic
disorder are excluded

- Patients with an active second primary malignancy or history of malignancy within the
5 years of enrollment are excluded, with the exception of non-melanoma skin cancers
and cervical cancer which has been treated with curative therapy

- Grade >= 2 sensory neuropathy at the time of enrollment

- Major surgery within 4 weeks of study start date; the surgical incision should be
fully healed prior to initiation of aflibercept

- Female or male patients of reproductive capacity unwilling to use methods appropriate
to prevent pregnancy are excluded; effective contraception is required for at least 3
months following the last administration of aflibercept

- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active
infection, uncontrolled hypertension (blood pressure [BP] must be well controlled <
160/90), unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social
situations that would limit compliance with study requirements, or any condition that
the principal investigator (PI) feels would make the patient ineligible

- Positive pregnancy screening test with a minimum sensitivity of 25 IU/L of human
chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) within 72 hours of registration; breastfeeding women are
also excluded

- History of pulmonary embolus within 3 months or deep venous thrombosis (DVT) within 4
weeks of enrollment; patients on anticoagulation must be on a stable dose of warfarin
with a therapeutic-range international normalized ratio (INR) or on a stable dose of
low molecular weight heparin

- Active congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association [NYHA] class II-IV)

- History of an arterial thrombotic vascular event including cerebrovascular accident
(CVA), myocardial infarction (MI), unstable angina, coronary or peripheral arterial
bypass graft, or transient ischemic attack (TIA) within 6 months

- Serious or non-healing wound, ulcer or bone fracture at the time of medication

- History of treatment-resistant peptic ulcer disease, erosive esophagitis, gastritis,
or diverticulitis within 3 months

- History of gastrointestinal (GI) perforation within 5 years; current or prior
intestinal fistulas are also excluded

- Known chronic infectious disease including human immunodeficiency virus
(HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)

- History of major hemorrhage including gastrointestinal bleeding (grade 2-4),
pulmonary hemorrhage, or clinically significant hemoptysis (> 1 tsp in 24 hours)
within the last 5 years; patients with underling conditions that predispose to
bleeding, such as bleeding diathesis, known esophageal varices, or tumor involving
major vessels, are also excluded

- Inability to understand or comply with study protocol

- Known hypersensitivity to Chinese hamster ovary cell products or to recombinant human
or murine antibodies, or any of the treatments in this protocol

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Proportion of patients alive and progression-free

Outcome Description:

Assuming that the number of treatment successes (alive and progression-free) is binomially distributed, proportion estimates along with their corresponding exact 95% confidence intervals will be calculated.

Outcome Time Frame:

At 15 months from initiation of therapy

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Goldberg Richard, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

OSU 11182



Start Date:

November 2012

Completion Date:

Related Keywords:

  • Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
  • Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum
  • Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Colon
  • Signet Ring Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum
  • Stage IV Colon Cancer
  • Stage IV Rectal Cancer
  • colorectal cancer
  • rectal cancer
  • Aflibercept
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous
  • Colonic Neoplasms
  • Rectal Neoplasms
  • Cystadenocarcinoma
  • Colorectal Neoplasms



University of MichiganAnn Arbor, Michigan  48109-0624
Roswell Park Cancer InstituteBuffalo, New York  14263
University of North CarolinaChapel Hill, North Carolina  27599
Ohio State University Medical CenterColumbus, Ohio  43210