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Internet-Based Sun Protection Program for Kidney Transplantation Recipients

18 Years
85 Years
Not Enrolling
Unspecified Complication of Kidney Transplant, Disorder Related to Renal Transplantation

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Trial Information

Internet-Based Sun Protection Program for Kidney Transplantation Recipients

Cognitive interviews about an internet-based sun protection strategies program will be
performed with up to 45 kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) who have participated in past
surveys. A second group of 150 KTRs will be asked to evaluate the internet-based module for
the effectiveness of information. A third group of 12 KTRs will be asked to evaluate the
internet-based module for usability. A fourth group of 160 KTRs will be asked to take part
in a randomized controlled trial evaluating the fully developed internet-based sun
protection strategies program.

Kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) are at risk to develop skin cancer. Adequate sun
protection after transplantation can reduce the risk of developing skin cancer. In 2006, the
National Kidney Foundation (NKF) found that sun protection education delivery and content
varied among transplantation centers. Clinicians rarely knew when to initiate education
about skin cancer risks and prevention including timing and scope, and rarely demonstrated
understanding of the importance of reminders for and repeated education of patients.
(National Kidney Foundation 2006) The NKF supported standard, formal, well timed skin cancer
prevention information and sending reminders to KTRs at the beginning of summer.


1. To explore culturally sensitive use of terms describing ethnic cultural perceptions of
sun burning, pigment darkening after sun exposure and description of skin color by the
amount of photoprotective pigment in the skin.

2. To pilot test the internet-based sun protection brochure with English speaking KTRs
representing 3 ethnic groups: White, Black and Hispanic.

3. To explore understanding of the importance of sun protection and the KTRs' confidence
in their being able to practice sun protection.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Subjects with a history of kidney transplantation within the last 5 years

- Speaks English

- Can see to read

- Lives in the greater Chicago area and can attend a cognitive interview session

- 18-85 years old

Exclusion Criteria:

- Unable to speak English

- Cognitive impairment or neurologic disease

- Dementia or insufficient cognitive skills to follow instructions provided at a sixth
grade language level

- Has had a skin cancer

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Outcome Measure:

Use of sun protection

Outcome Description:

Use of sun protection will be measured using 10 questions about what a person regularly does in summer during a warm sunny day and during a cloudy day regarding: 1) use of sunscreen; 2) wearing hat; 3) shirt with sleeves; 4) sunglasses; and 5) staying in the shade. The scores for these questions will be summed to derive a dichotomous measure of sun protection use (1= use of sun protection often or always; 0 otherwise).

Outcome Time Frame:

1 year

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

June K. Robinson, M.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

Northwestern University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

January 2014

Completion Date:

December 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Unspecified Complication of Kidney Transplant
  • Disorder Related to Renal Transplantation
  • Kidney transplant
  • Renal transplant
  • Sun protection
  • Skin cancer



Northwestern Memorial Faculty FoundationChicago, Illinois  60611