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A Phase II, Open-Label Trial of Bortezomib (VELCADE®) in Combination With Gemcitabine and Cisplatin in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Non Small Cell Lung Cancer, Metastatic

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Trial Information

A Phase II, Open-Label Trial of Bortezomib (VELCADE®) in Combination With Gemcitabine and Cisplatin in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

By its mechanism of action i.e., inhibiting protein degradation, VELCADE targets a
wide-range of pathways that are relevant to tumor progression and therapy resistance.
Preclinical data in cell lines indicate anti-tumor activity in NSCLC. Preliminary work in
vivo (animal models) suggests an enhanced anti-tumor effect in combination with cytotoxic
agents commonly used in the treatment of lung cancer, including gemcitabine and CPT-11 and
additive tumor growth delay when combined with cisplatin or paclitaxel.

Platinum- or non-platinum- based combinations including the newer agents represent the
standard front-line treatment for patients with stage IIIB/IV NSCLC. However, despite the
introduction of the newer agents, the efficacy of cytotoxic chemotherapy seems to have
reached a plateau. The incorporation of molecularly targeted agents in NSCLC treatment is
likely to improve the treatment outcomes. Recently, an initial Phase 2 of VELCADE in
combination with gemcitabine/carboplatin in the first-line treatment of NSCLC was completed.
A response rate of 21% with impressive progression-free survival and overall survival rates
of 5 and 11 months, respectively, were reported.

Combining VELCADE with a currently approved standard regimen such as cisplatin/gemcitabine,
may lead to a better response rate, TTP, and OS than chemotherapy alone. VELCADE combined
with gemcitabine and cisplatin has been shown safe in a phase I trial in patients with
advanced solid tumors. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of VELCADE was 1 mg/m2 on either a
weekly or a biweekly schedule when combined with gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 and cisplatin 70
mg/m2. Treatment was generally well tolerated with the weekly regimen of VELCADE being
associated with less myelotoxicity. Plasma pharmacokinetic profiles of gemcitabine and
cisplatin were not altered by VELCADE. Interestingly enough, among 27 patients with NSCLC an
encouraging response rate of 37% and disease stabilization rate of 52% was recorded.

In this trial VELCADE alone will be administered on the first treatment cycle to examine
molecular correlates of VELCADE activity. Subsequent cycles will include the combination of
VELCADE with cisplatin plus gemcitabine.

Data from the phase I study of VELCADE plus cisplatin/gemcitabine contributed to the
selection of the drug doses for patients that will be enrolled in the current study.
Specifically, the doses employed are those identified as the MTD level of the phase I study.

The anti-tumor activity of the combination of VELCADE and cisplatin/gemcitabine in the
first-line treatment of NSCLC will be tested in this study according to a Simon 2-stage
optimal design.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Men or women, 18 years of age or older.

- NSCLC histologically or cytologically confirmed.

- Locally advanced (Stage IIIB) or metastatic (Stage IV) NSCLC.

- No prior systemic anti-neoplastic therapy for Stage IIIB/IV NSCLC (one prior line is
allowed if given as adjuvant or neo-adjuvant therapy).

- Measurable disease per RECIST criteria.

- ECOG performance status score of 0 - 1.

- Life expectancy greater than 3 months.

- Female patients must be postmenopausal (for at least 6 months), surgically sterile,
abstinent, or, if sexually active, be practicing an effective method of birth control
(e.g., prescription oral contraceptives, contraceptive injections, intrauterine
device, double-barrier method, contraceptive patch, male partner sterilization)
before entry and throughout the study; and have a negative serum or urine β-human
chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) pregnancy test at screening.

- Patients (or their legally acceptable representatives) must have signed an informed
consent document indicating that they understand the purpose of and procedures
required for the study and are willing to and able to comply with the protocol
requirements and participate in the study before any study-related procedure not part
of normal medical care is conducted.

- Patients (or their legally acceptable representatives) must have signed an informed
consent for testing indicating, that they agree to participate in the correlative
marker part of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Peripheral neuropathy of Grade 2 or greater intensity, as defined by the NCI Common
Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE Version 3.0).

- Previous treatment with VELCADE.

- Prior systemic anti-neoplastic therapies for Stage IIIB/IV NSCLC except if as
neoadjuvant therapy for Stage IIIB.

- Any prior systemic anti-neoplastic therapy for NSCLC (i.e., prior chemotherapy,
radiation therapy, prior monoclonal antibodies or any investigational drug or any
major surgery) within 4 weeks before enrollment.

- Significant weight loss (documented < 10% body weight in the 6 weeks before

- Inadequate organ function at the screening visit as defined by the following
laboratory values:

- Platelet count ≤ 100 x 109/L

- Hemoglobin ≤ 8.0 g/dL (80 g/L)

- Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≤ 1.5 x 109/L

- AST ≥ 3 times the upper limit of the normal range (upper normal limit) or > 5
times the upper normal limit for subjects with liver metastases

- ALT ≥ 3 times ULN or > 5 times the upper normal limit for subjects with liver
metastases (Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 45 mL/min, Total bilirubin ≥ 1.5
times Upper normal limit)

- Myocardial infarction within 6 months before randomization or has New York Heart
Association Class III or IV heart failure, uncontrolled angina, severe uncontrolled
arrhythmias, or electrocardiographic evidence of acute ischemia or active conduction
system abnormalities.

- Central nervous system metastasis or brain metastases unless patients have been
subjected to local radiation therapy and are clinically stable. Brain computed
tomography or magnetic resonance imaging is required in symptomatic patients to rule
out brain metastases but is not required in asymptomatic patients.

- Serious medical condition (such as severe hepatic impairment, pericardial disease,
acute diffuse infiltrative pulmonary disease, systemic infections etc) or psychiatric
illness likely to interfere with participation in this study

- Other malignancy within the past 5 years. Exceptions for the following if treated and
not active: basal cell or non-metastatic squamous cell carcinoma of the skin,
cervical carcinoma in situ or International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Stage 1 carcinoma of the cervix.

- History of allergic reaction attributable to compounds containing boron or mannitol.

- Pregnant or breast-feeding.

- Currently enrolled in another clinical research study or has received an
investigational agent for any reason within 4 weeks before randomization.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Overall Response Rate

Outcome Description:

Participants will be evaluated for response to the study treatment after the first three treatment cycles (cycle repeated every 21 days) and then every two treatment cycles (completion of cycles 5, 7, 9 etc.) until documentation of disease progression.

Outcome Time Frame:

Up to 9 weeks

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Vassilis Georgoulias, MD

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

University Hospital of Heraklion


Greece: Ethics Committee

Study ID:




Start Date:

June 2009

Completion Date:

December 2013

Related Keywords:

  • Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
  • Metastatic
  • Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
  • Lung Neoplasms