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Enhancing Efficacy of Chemotherapy in Triple Negative/Basal-Like Breast Cancer by Targeting Macrophages: A Multicenter Phase Ib/II Study of PLX 3397 and Eribulin in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

Phase 1/Phase 2
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)
Metastatic Breast Cancer

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Trial Information

Enhancing Efficacy of Chemotherapy in Triple Negative/Basal-Like Breast Cancer by Targeting Macrophages: A Multicenter Phase Ib/II Study of PLX 3397 and Eribulin in Patients With Metastatic Breast Cancer

This is a nonrandomized, open label phase Ib/II study evaluating the safety and efficacy of
eribulin in combination with PLX3397, a novel CSF1 inhibitor, in patients with metastatic
breast cancer. The phase II portion of this trial will be limited to patients with triple
negative disease.

The phase I portion of this trial is a dose escalation of PLX3397 to determine the maximum
tolerated dose (MTD) of PLX3397 when given in combination with standard dose eribulin.
Patients will be enrolled in cohorts of three, using the dose levels and plan outlined in
the statistical section, with 6 patients enrolled at the MTD. All patients with accessible
tumor will be required to have a tumor biopsy at study start before starting therapy.
Pharmacokinetics of PLX3397 and eribulin, and blood levels of CSF1 will be obtained as
outlined in section 14. To allow rapid accrual to phase Ib, and an earlier start to the
phase II trial, patients will be enrolled in phase I with both hormone receptor positive and
negative disease, and at any line of therapy assuming eligibility criteria are otherwise

Dose limiting toxicity (DLT) will be defined as any treatment-related toxicity meeting the
criteria below and occurring within the first 21 days of combination therapy. Patients must
receive at least 14 days of PLX3397 and 2 doses of eribulin during the first cycle in order
to be considered evaluable for DLT (unless the missed doses are due to a DLT).

Patients in each cohort will be followed for at least 3 weeks (one full cycle) before
opening accrual to the next dose level. If one patient in any cohort develops a DLT, an
additional 3 patients will be enrolled at that level. If no additional toxicities occur in
the six patients, then this particular dose would be used for the phase II trial, and the
next higher dose would be considered the MTD. A minimum of 12 and maximum of 24 patients
will be enrolled in the phase I study. The phase II trial will not open until the last
patient in the phase I study has been followed for at least 3 weeks.

The phase II portion of this trial will evaluate PFS in patients with TNBC treated with
PLX3397 and eribulin, using the dose of PLX3397 determined in the phase Ib study in a
two-step design. Please see the statistical section for details regarding enrollment and
statistical design. Treatment is preceded by a 5 to 7 day lead-in phase, in which patients
will take PLX3397 alone daily. Patients with accessible tumor will undergo a core biopsy of
tumor before the start of PLX3397 treatment, and then a fine needle aspiration or core
biopsy will be performed on the day of or the day before the start of eribulin (day -1 to
day 0).

Inclusion Criteria:

- Pathologically confirmed diagnosis of breast cancer with documented progressive

- Patients with stable brain metastases are eligible for this trial.

- At least one prior chemotherapy regimen for metastatic breast cancer. Prior
treatment must be discontinued at least 2 weeks before treatment start.

- Concomitant therapy with bisphosphonates is allowed.

- Stable dose coumadin anticoagulation is allowed, providing that anticoagulation can
be safely held to an INR within normal range for the purpose of tumor biopsy. LMWH is
the preferred method of anticoagulation.

- PT/INR and PTT within institutional normal limits within two weeks before initial

- Measurable disease, as defined by RECIST guidelines or evaluable disease. Bone
metastases must be evaluable.

- Disease amenable to core biopsy. Patients with pulmonary metastases as their only
site of disease may enroll on this trial and will not undergo biopsy.

- For Phase I: patients with HER2 overexpressing disease must have been previously
treated with trastuzumab. Patients with HER2 overexpressing disease are not
eligible for the Phase II trial.

- Age eighteen years or older.

- ECOG performance status
- Life expectancy of >/= 12 weeks.

- Patients with < grade 1 peripheral neuropathy are eligible for this trial.

- Adequate bone marrow reserve: ANC >/= 1000, platelets >/= 100,000.

- Adequate renal function: serum creatinine calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 ml/min.

- Sodium, potassium, and chloride levels within institutional normal limits.

- Adequate hepatic function: AST and ALT upper limit of normal. In patients with liver dysfunction due to hepatic metastases,
AST and ALT are permitted to be
- At baseline: EF ≥ 50%, no evidence of QT prolongation, no history of congenital long
QT syndrome, and no use of drugs known to increase the risk of Torsades de Point -
patients may be eligible for study if the drug can be changed to another agent with
less risk (such as changing from citalopram to an alternate antidepressant).

- Able to take oral medications and maintain hydration.

- Ability to give written informed consent and willingness to comply with the
requirements of the protocol

- Women of child-bearing potential must agree to use an effective method of birth
control during treatment and for six months after receiving their last dose of study

Specific inclusion criteria for Phase II

• Patients enrolling on the phase II portion of this trial must have ER, PR and HER2
negative disease defined as less than 10% staining for ER and PR, and HER2 not amplified
by FISH, 0-1% by IHC, or 2+ by IHC and no evidence of amplification by FISH.

Exclusion Criteria:

- Treatment with another chemotherapy or hormonal therapy within the past 2 weeks.

- Treatment with trastuzumab, bevacizumab or other targeted therapies within the past 2

- Concurrent treatment with radiotherapy.

- Ongoing treatment with any other investigational therapy.

- Prior treatment with eribulin

- Severe, concurrent illness including congestive heart failure, significant cardiac
disease and uncontrolled hypertension, that would likely prevent the patient from
being able to comply with the study protocol.

- Inadequate bone marrow, renal, or hepatic function as defined above, or an active
coagulopathy that precludes tissue biopsy.

- Pregnant or lactating women and women of child-bearing potential who are not using an
effective method of birth control. Women of childbearing potential must undergo a
serum pregnancy test within seven days of starting the study drug.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Maximum tolerated dose of PLX3397 given in combination with with standard dose eribulin in patients with metastatic breast cancer (Phase 1b)

Outcome Time Frame:

Estimated up to 24 months

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Hope S. Rugo, MD

Investigator Role:

Study Chair

Investigator Affiliation:

University of California, San Francisco


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

UCSF Protocol No. 12751



Start Date:

July 2012

Completion Date:

January 2016

Related Keywords:

  • Metastatic Breast Cancer
  • metastatic
  • breast
  • cancer
  • triple
  • negative
  • PLX
  • Eribulin
  • Breast Neoplasms



Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer CenterNashville, Tennessee  37232-6838
UCSF Comprehensive Cancer CenterSan Francisco, California  94115
Duke University Cancer CenterDurham, North Carolina  27710