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A Phase I Study of Systemic Gene Therapy With SGT-94 in Patients With Solid Tumors

Phase 1
18 Years
Open (Enrolling)

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Trial Information

A Phase I Study of Systemic Gene Therapy With SGT-94 in Patients With Solid Tumors

RB94, a tumor suppressor gene, is a modified form of the retinoblastoma gene, RB110. RB94
has shown enhanced tumor suppressor and tumor cell killing activity compared to RB110 in all
tumor cell types studied to date, including bladder cancer cell lines. Moreover, RB94 has
shown no toxicity to any normal human cells tested.

SGT-94,the agent being tested, is a systemically administered complex composed of the RB94
gene (plasmid DNA)encapsulated in a liposome that is targeted to tumor cells by means of an
anti-transferrin receptor single chain antibody fragment (TfRscFv)attached to the outside of
the liposome. Pre-clinical in vivo efficacy studies have indicated that SGT-94, when
systemically administered, preferentially targets tumor cells and efficiently transfects
them. This results in cancer cell death via mechanisms that are unique for RB94 and also
increases the tumor's response to conventional radiation and chemotherapy.

This Phase I study is designed to evaluate the safety of SGT-94 and to establish a
practically attainable and/or tolerable dose of this anti-cancer agent for use in further
clinical trials. Additionally, evidence of RB94 expression within tumor tissue after
systemic administration of SGT-94 will be sought, and clinically observable anti-cancer
effects in patients will be documented. Enrollment will be targeted to individuals with "RB
negative" tumors, i.e. tumors in which there is no staining for RB protein by
immunohistochemistry (IHC). Preference will be given to patients with tumors in a location
amenable to biopsy following treatment with SGT-94. This would include the prostate,
bladder, superficial lymph nodes and any mass suitable for fine needle aspiration under CT
or ultrasound guidance, or any lesion reachable by endoscopy.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Histologic proof of cancer for which no standard therapy is available, and which
shows no staining for RB by IHC.

- Spirometry with at least 70% of predicted volumes (including FEV1). A left
ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of 45% or more. All patients will have a
screening 2-D Echocardiogram as part of eligibility screening.

- Patients must have adequate physiologic reserve as evidenced by:

- Zubrod Performance Status (PS) of weeks) and if the compromised performance status is related to uncontrolled pain
which is expected to come under control by means of improved pain management.

- Laboratory values meeting the following criteria:

- Absolute neutrophil count >/= 1,200/mm3

- Platelet count >100,000/mm3.

- AST and ALT
- Conjugated bilirubin
- Native kidney function producing creatinine clearance (either measured or
estimated by Cockcroft formula) of at least 40 mL/min. Cockcroft formula:
CLcr = [(140-age) • wt(kg)]/[72 •Creat (mg/dL)] (For females, multiply by

- Hemoglobin >/= 10.0 g/dL without transfusion support

- White blood cell count > 3.0 k/mm3

- PT and aPTT each < 1.5 times the upper limit of normal.

- Women of child-bearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test.

- Male and female patients reproductive potential must agree to use measures to avoid
pregnancy throughout the study and for 3 months following discontinuing study drug.

- Patients must have recovered from any previous therapy side effects or toxicities
prior to initiating protocol study infusions.

- Life expectancy > 12 weeks.

- Organ function
- Age of
Exclusion Criteria:

- Some prior cancer therapies are not consistent with eligibility; specifically:

- At least 30 days must have elapsed since any prior experimental therapy

- At least 6 weeks must have elapsed since prior systemic mitomycin C

- At least 8 weeks must have elapsed since any dose of Strontium-89

- At least 4 weeks must have elapsed since prior Sm-153 lexidronam (Quadramet™)

- At least 4 weeks must have elapsed since prior radiotherapy

- Any prior exposure to gene vector delivery products

- Pregnancy or lactation

- Serious concurrent medical illness that in the opinion of the investigator would
compromise patient safety or preclude accurate assessment of outcome.

- Patients with the following manifestations of cardiovascular disease are excluded:

- Myocardial infarction (MI) within the previous six months, or patients with left
ventricular ejection fraction of less than 45% secondary to a more remote MI.

- Any history of CVA or TIA in previous six months

- New York Heart Association grade 2 or greater congestive failure

- Unstable angina defined as angina (or anginal equivalent) 2 or more times per
week despite medical therapy.

- Echocardiographic evidence of pulmonary hypertension.

- Diastolic dysfunction felt to contribute to any clinical sign or symptom.

- Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as systolic BP >140 or diastolic >90 despite

- Serious concurrent psychiatric disorder that in the opinion of the investigator would
compromise patient safety or preclude accurate assessment of outcome.

- Supraphysiologic doses of glucocorticoids (defined as > 30 mg of hydrocortisone per
day or > 7.5 mg of Prednisone per day, or equivalent doses of other agents) or
exposure to other immunosuppressive medications in the previous 30 days.

- Requirement for anticoagulant therapy other than low intensity treatment to maintain
patency of central venous catheters.

- Treatment with antibiotics for proven infection within 1 week prior to study entry or
signs and symptoms consistent with an active infection or fever > 38.1 C.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Severity of Adverse Events

Outcome Description:

The severity of adverse experiences in each patient will be determined based upon changes in the results of clinical laboratory tests and physical examnations. These findings will be used to determine the safety and tolerability of increasing doses of SGT-94.

Outcome Time Frame:

4 weeks each patient

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Randall E Millikan, M.D., Ph.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center


United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:




Start Date:

January 2012

Completion Date:

January 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Neoplasm
  • neoplasm
  • bladder cancer
  • advances solid tumors
  • Neoplasms



University of Texas, M.D. Anderson Cancer Center Houston, Texas  77030