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An Appearance-Based Intervention to Reduce Teen Skin Cancer Risk

13 Years
18 Years
Open (Enrolling by invite only)
Skin Cancer

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Trial Information

An Appearance-Based Intervention to Reduce Teen Skin Cancer Risk

The project is designed to improve the understanding of, and ability to affect UV risk
behavior in teenage populations. The International Agency for Research in Cancer classifies
indoor tanning as "carcinogenic to humans." There is evidence that female indoor tanning use
increases dramatically from freshman to senior years of high school (e.g., 25-40% of older
high school girls) making high school a critical time period for anti-tanning interventions
to be carried out. This proposal assesses the effectiveness of a skin cancer prevention
website for a nationally representative sample of high school teens in a randomized
controlled trial. Teens exposed to the website will report reduced indoor tanning
intentions, frequency and overall percentage of users while increasing sun protective
behaviors at long-term (i.e 18 month) follow-up.

Inclusion Criteria:

- Teenager between 13 and 18 years old; has either indoor tanned in the past year or
has indicated their intentions to indoor tan in the coming year.

Exclusion Criteria:

- None other than not meeting inclusion criteria.

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Prevention

Outcome Measure:

Indoor Tanning Behavior

Outcome Description:

Self-report measure of the number of times the teenager has indoor tanned over 3, 6, 12 and 18 month time periods. The self-report measure has been validated in previous studies.

Outcome Time Frame:

18 months

Safety Issue:


Principal Investigator

Joel J Hillhouse, Ph.D.

Investigator Role:

Principal Investigator

Investigator Affiliation:

East Tennessee State University


United States: Institutional Review Board

Study ID:




Start Date:

May 2011

Completion Date:

December 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Skin Cancer
  • Melanoma
  • Basal Cell Carcinoma
  • Squamous Cell Carcinoma
  • Skin Neoplasms



East Tennessee State UniversityJohnson City, Tennessee  37614-0054