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Dexamethasone Intravitreal Implant for Treatment of Macular Edema After Plaque Radiotherapy of Uveal Melanoma

Phase 2
18 Years
Not Enrolling
Macular Edema, Cystoid Macular Edema, Uveal Melanoma, Radiation Maculopathy, Radiation Retinopathy

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Trial Information

Dexamethasone Intravitreal Implant for Treatment of Macular Edema After Plaque Radiotherapy of Uveal Melanoma

Plaque radiotherapy is a commonly used method for treatment of small and medium-sized uveal
melanomas. Macular edema is one of the most common causes of visual loss after plaque
radiotherapy and has been reported in up to 70% of patients with posterior uveal melanoma.
Different methods have been proposed for treatment of post-radiation macular edema and
include periocular steroid, intravitreal steroid, intravitreal vascular endothelial growth
factor (VEGF) inhibitors, photodynamic therapy, and macular laser photocoagulation.

Injection of intravitreal triamcinolone (a form of steroid) has been found to be useful for
treatment of different forms of macular edema but is associated with considerable rates of
increased intraocular pressure (glaucoma). Dexamethasone is more potent than triamcinolone
and can be safely injected directly into the vitreous cavity (intravitreal injection) but
unfortunately its use in the form of intravitreal injection is not practical due to the
short half-life of intraocular dexamethasone (about 3 hours).

Within the past several years, tiny drug delivery systems have been developed that allow
sustained release of minute amounts of steroid into the back part (vitreous cavity) of the
eye, when they are implanted into the vitreous cavity. Ozurdex is a biodegradable
dexamethasone intravitreal implant that has been shown to be well-tolerated and effective
for up to 6 months in reducing vision loss and improving visual outcome in eyes with
different types of macular edema including those secondary to diabetic retinopathy and
retinal vein occlusion.

In this study the investigators would like to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of
Ozurdex (dexamethasone intravitreal implant) for treatment of macular edema developing after
plaque radiotherapy of uveal melanoma.

Inclusion Criteria:

1. Patient age 18 years or more.

2. Uveal melanoma treated with I-125 plaque radiotherapy.

3. Visual acuity between 20/40 to 20/400 secondary to post-radiation macular edema.

4. Central subfield retinal thickness > 300 micron.

5. Duration of macular edema < 12 months.

6. No potential contributing causes of decreased vision other than macular edema.

Exclusion Criteria:

1. Visual acuity worse than 20/400 or better than 20/40.

2. Monocular patient or poor vision in the non-study eye (<20/40).

3. History of vitrectomy surgery.

4. Panretinal photocoagulation or intraocular surgery within 3 months of enrollment.

5. Concomitant or previous radiation optic neuropathy.

6. Use of periocular, intravitreal, or systemic steroids within 6 month of enrollment in
the study eye.

7. Use of intravitreal VEGF antagonist within 6 weeks of enrollment.

8. History of ocular hypertension or glaucoma, or IOP>21 mmHg.

9. History of steroid-induced glaucoma in either eye.

10. Active ocular infection or history of herpetic eye infection.

11. Clinically significant epiretinal membrane in the study eye.

12. Iris neovascularization in the study eye.

13. Clinically significant media opacity preventing acquisition of good-quality OCT in
the study eye.

14. Aphakia or anterior chamber intraocular lens.

15. Poorly controlled diabetes (Hemoglobin A1c level >13%).

16. Poorly controlled hypertension (Systolic pressure > 160 mm Hg or diastolic pressure >
90 mm Hg).

17. Pregnancy (women of childbearing age should have negative pregnancy test and use

18. Presence of any ocular condition that in the opinion of one of the investigators will
prevent at least 2 lines of improvement in best-corrected visual acuity.

19. Interval between plaque radiotherapy for uveal melanoma and intended date of
dexamethasone intravitreal implant of less than 6 months.

20. Evidence of activity or inadequate regression of the treated uveal melanoma after
plaque radiotherapy (based on the judgment of the study investigators).

21. Known allergy or hypersensitivity to any of the study medications or their

Type of Study:


Study Design:

Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Outcome Measure:

Proportion of eyes showing >=2 lines of improvement in best-corrected visual acuity

Outcome Time Frame:

At 12 months

Safety Issue:



United States: Food and Drug Administration

Study ID:

Wills IRB# 11-089



Start Date:

January 2013

Completion Date:

December 2014

Related Keywords:

  • Macular Edema
  • Cystoid Macular Edema
  • Uveal Melanoma
  • Radiation Maculopathy
  • Radiation Retinopathy
  • Plaque radiotherapy
  • Brachytherapy
  • Macular edema
  • Cystoid macular edema
  • Uveal melanoma
  • Radiation maculopathy
  • Radiation retinopathy
  • Ozurdex
  • Dexamethasone intravitreal implant
  • Edema
  • Macular Edema
  • Melanoma
  • Retinal Diseases
  • Uveal Neoplasms



Ocular Oncology Service, Wills Eye Institute Philadelphia, Pennsylvania  19107